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Frederick STARNES, I

Male Abt 1700 - Abt 1774  (~ 74 years)

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  • Name Frederick STARNES 
    Born Abt 1700  Alzey-Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died Abt 1774  Sulphur Springs, Smyth County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Immigration 14 Jun 1910  NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Name Frederick STAHRING I 
    Name Frederick STARING I 
    Reference Number LKSJ-C54 
    Buried Possibly Sulphur Springs Cemetery, Sulphur Springs Heights, Smyth County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • (1) Starnes, H. Gerald & Starnes, Herman, Of Them That Left a Name Behind - A History of the Starnes Family, Baltimore, MD, Gateway Press, 1983, pp. 53-55, 69:

      It would seem that members of several German Palatine families, such as the Gerlachs and Goldmans and probably the Stalnakers, joined in the trek southward [from NY]; with the others, Frederick and his family retraced their 1723 route up Schoharie Creek. They were thrilled at returning to the dorfs along the creek and finding that several of their old friends had purchased their lands from the seven partners and settled permanently in the valley. They did seem prosperous enough. Many they inquired about had "gone to Tulpehocken" or "gone to Virginia" or "headed for the Carolinas."

      No record exists of Frederick's migration from the Mohawk River in New York to the New River in Virginia. It appears that he and his family first went to the Tulpehocken in Pennsylvania for awhile. From the upper Schoharie Valley the trail leads over the highlands, then down into the Susquehanna Valley. The route is today approximated by the winding, bending N.Y. Route 7 to the area of Binghamton, N.Y., then south on U.S. 11 to the Swatara Creek in Pennsylvania.

      On journeying up the Swatara Creek, they came to the Tulpehocken District which lay between the upper waters of the Swatara and Tulpehocken Creeks. Here they rested, no doubt, with Mary's family, the Goldmans. Conrad Goldman, Jr., Mary's brother, had left Schohane with some of the earlier Palatines bound for Pennsylvania. It is suggested that her other brother, Jacob Goldman, joined them here for the trip to Virginia, since the name Goldman does not appear on the Burnetsfield or Stone Arabia patents in New York. Johan George Goldman was a member of Tulpehocken Church from 1743 to 1746 and was probably Mary Starnes' nephew.

      We do not know how long Frederick stayed in Pennsylvania; he may have tried to acquire land and establish a farm for a couple of years or a little longer. It seems that his eldest son, Valentine, now in his mid to late teens, decided to settle on the Juniata River, an area on the west side of the Susquehanna from his mother's kin, Conrad Goldman, Sr. and Jr. . . .

      The great valley east of the higher elevations of the Appalachian Mountains forms a natural north-south passage, which today we knowas IS 81, US 11 and others. It was somewhat slower going in 1738 and ‘39 for the Starings, Goldmans, Gerlachs and others. The few packhorses, oxen-drawn carts and wagons moved at a snail's pace, even in the few places where the road was level and relatively free of chuckholes and big rocks. We believe they fully expected to find free land for settlement in the Shenandoah Valley. Here, as in New York, huge grants of thousands of acres had been made to individuals by the colonial government in Williamsburg and a system of quit rents also existed. Under these quit rents and shares systems, one could not easily purchase land outright for his own and pass it on to his heirs and assigns, as has been the case since the Revolutionary War ended English colonial role.

      During the period between 1730 and 1750, there was a heavy influx of Germans entering the Virginia colony. Finding no available land for settlement, our ancestors continued down the Great Valley to Pennsylvania. The road then moved in a gradual southwestern direction crossing part of what is now Maryland at Williams' Ferry on the Potomac River, then stretched southwest across a section which later became the tip of West Virginia to the beautiful plateau of the now Winchester, Virginia area. From Winchester the road ran to present-day Strasburg where the northern reaches of the Blue Ridge suddenly sprawl eastward, as if by natural accommodation, to open the mouth of the Great Valley of Virginia lying between the Appalachians on the west and the Blue Ridge Mts. on the east.

      Much of US Route 11 running through the Valley follows the bed of the Old Wagon Road. At some points it parallels or intersects the old road. The new Interstate 81 through the Valley runs some distance west of the old road. Entering the beautiful Valley and hugging dos to the Blue Ridge, the road ran from Strasburg through or near the present-day towns of Tom's Brook, Woodstock, Edinburg, Mt. Jackson, New Market, Mauzy and through the small and widely scattered hills of the Harrisonburg area, to Mt. Crawford, Weyer's Cave and Staunton. From Staunton the road ran through the Lexington area to the Appalachian Range, made a southeasterly thrust to touch the blue ruggedness of the Blue Ridge, permitting inore frequent passages of safety to the east; then the road turned eastward through Staunton Gap, then southward.

      After crossing the James River ford just above the Cherry Tree Bottoms, the trail led them up the Catawba Creek Valley to the "waters of the north branch of the Roanoke River." About fourteen miles of difficult traveling down the north fork of the Roanoke River, with Brush Mountain rising 2,500 to 3,000 feet on their right, they left the river valley, crossed over a ridge dividing the east and west watersheds, and went into the meadows. These meadows were very shortly thereafter settled by the Drapers and are now the town of Blacksburg. This river, also known as "Wood's" for the Orange County surveyor, Richard Wood, and the North River, due to its direction of flow, run northward into the Ohio from the high mountains of western North Carolina.

      The most accurate determination we can make of the arrival and settlement of the Germans was in the year 1739 in the present-day Christianburg, Radford, Blacksburg area. There are indications that that first settlement could have been as early as 1736 from a lawsuit reference of that year to insecure land titles of several German immigrants in the Shenandoah Valley, which caused them to cross the Alleghenies and build cabins in the New River Valley. It seems these people joined other "Deutche" settlers on the move in Virginia.

      The German New River settlement was in and around the Horseshoe Bottoms formed by the big bend in the river west of the present town of Blacksburg and the mouths of Toms and Stroubles Creeks. This settlement preceded the Drapers Meadows settlement by several years. From this common center, movements and settlements were made in the creek valleys from Sinking Creek, to the north, to Reed Creek in the south. Here in the bend, the river has created a most beautiful and fascinating scene. The New River, despite its name, is probably one of the oldest water courses on earth to remain unchanged for endless centuries. It is actually the oldest river in North America and has maintained its ancient course for a hundred million years. This stream as probably the most concentrated run of white water in the United States, with twenty-one major rapids in one fifteen-mile stretch.

      * * *

      Frederick Starn (Stern, Stearn, Starnes) was one of the earliest adventurers on New River. When James Patton selected 500 acres on the west side of the New River in 1746, he designated the survey as "The Starn place in the bend of the River." The Patton-Preston notebook records that Frederick Stearn, Sr. entered 100 acres with Buchanan in 1744, in addition to 100 acres with Mr. Poge (Poage) in 1754, and 400 more. Interest was charged from 1749. Further evidence of Starn's early arrival on New River is recorded in the Wood's River Entry Book in the following words: "Octo. 24, 1745, Frederick Starn settled last spring by ye River. I was told he intended to take 400 acres." The same book records that on March 12,1747, Frederick Stern, Sr. entered 200 acres on "ye mouth of Crab Creek, and Frederick Stern, Jr., 200 acres below the little Horse Shoe" (Augusta County Survey Book 1; Patton-Preston Account Book; Wood's River Entry Book, Filson Club).

      In 1750 Stern had three additional surveys made, one on Crab Creek, 15 acres on the west side of the New River opposite where he was then living, and another on Falling Spring (Augusta County Survey Book 1; see Kegley and Kegley, Early Adventurers, 1, 181).

      In 1751 Starn served as executor of the estate of Jacob Goldman deceased. In 1753 he appeared as a road worker on a road which stretched from Samuel Stalnaker's on the Holston to James Davis' on the head of the Holston. This would seem to indicate that he was living on the lands in the Holston neighborhood, although this could have been Frederick, Jr. Nevertheless, on July 3, 1755, Frederick Starn was one of the many settlers on New River who were wounded by Indians. This no doubt caused Starn to abandon the settlement until less troubled times returned (Chalkley, Chronicles, I, 61; II, 510; III, 21).

      In 1767 Starn appears again as a settler on New River. This time he is mentioned in a road petition covering the area between Vause's and Peak Creek by way of Ingles' Ferry. He also appears as one of the appraisers of the estate of James Carty deceased, and was one of those attending the sale in 1768 (Chalkley, Chronicles, I, 132; III, 104, 106).

      The 500 acres in the bend of the River were transferred to John Taylor in 1767, and the lands on Crab Creek across the River were sold the following year to George Teeter.

      Stern next appears on the Holston River. In 1774 he selected lands on the Middle Fork of that River, where he appears to have remained the rest of his life (Chalkley, Chronicles, III, 117, 474; Summers, Annals, p. 62). Frederick, Jr. mentioned in 1747, Thomas Starn mentioned in 1774, and the John and Nicholas mentioned in 1782 were other family members (Summers, Annals, pp. 1022, 1344; Washington County Will Book 1, p. 57; Fincastle and Washington County Surveys).

      (2) Starnes, H. Gerald & Starnes, Herman, Of Them That Left a Name Behind - A History of the Starnes Family, Baltimore, MD, Gateway Press, 1983, pp. 723-724:

      Means of Differentiation: German or English Descent

      In general, it is possible to ascribe certain areas of the southern U.S. where the Starnes family surname can be assumed to be predominately from the English Stearn line, such as Guilford County, North Carolina and Fairfield, Laurens and Sumter Counties, South Carolina; Wilson, Madison, Tipton and Lauderdale Counties, Tennessee. Palatine German Staring descendency would be expected of those from Cabarrus, Mecklenburg, Union, Burke, and Buncombe Counties and other western North Carolina counties, Scott and Russell Counties in Virginia, and Sullivan, Washington, Grainger, Greene, Sumner and Hawkins Counties in Tennessee.

      The Kentucky family is probably largely of German descent; however, those of both lines are known to have settled there and many still use the Stearns (English) and Starns (earlier German and English) spellings. Some of the German Staring/Starns ancestry adopted the Stearns spelling in Kentucky and it was carried by their progeny to other states.

      In general, Tennessee has the English line settling the western and the German line settling the eastern counties, with both in between. Those of Stearns descent moved into Arkansas, while those descending from the Staring line in Kentucky settled in St. Helena Parish, Louisiana, and both spread in all directions.

      While either branch can truly be called an old southern family and most still reside in the sun belt, their descendents can be found in almost every state in the union; the Starnes or Starns spelling gives almost certain assurance that they are the kin of either the German or English lineages described in this work.

      With the movement of the German and English descended Starnes into each other’s original areas of settlement, it becomes extremely difficult to separate the lines. There are some identifying indications, however, like the names Shubael, Ebeneezer and Aaron; also Joshua and Joel are common to the Stearns ancestry; Adam, Leonard, Frederick, and Jacob are common to the Staring line.

      John, Samuel, Daniel, Peter, Charles, Isaac, and even Moses were common Christian baptismal names given children by both lineages, making it extremely difficult to differentiate between the New England English and Palatine German heritages.

      The religious denomination of the protestant church with which each was associated is another identifying factor. The Stearns were devout Baptists. The Rev. Shubael’s style of delivery was studied by other preachers and, in some form, is probably still being heard from the pulpits in the southern baptist churches in the U.S. today.

      The church of Martin Luther was originally that of the Starings in Germany, New York, Virginia, and North Carolina. Both they and the Stearns detested the Church of England which was supported by tax levy on the colonists. The Lutheran church of that day just could not minister to its followers on the frontiers of a distant America from northern Europe. For reasons not clearly understood, beyond the obvious lack of an established ministry, the Palatines, even in Catholic Ireland, embraced the teachings of the two Oxford University students, John and Charles Wesley, and turned quickly to avid supporters of Methodism in the late 1700's.

      On the frontier of Kentucky the Baptists were more persistent in braving the Indians and the perils of the Wilderness Road to minister to the religious needs of the settlers than were the Methodists The Jacob Starns branch embraced these early teachings and became devout Baptists, both in Kentucky and in Louisiana.

      In present times, of course, personal beliefs, preferences, and interfaith marriages have served to cross over former family traditional denominational affiliations. Church membership, however, Baptist, Lutheran or Methodist, in the earlier records, remains a valuable tool for the Starnes in tracing their heritage.

      (3) Steelman, Sanford, The Starnes Family Four Generation Project <>:


      Frederick Starnes (born ca 1700, died ca 1774) married Mary Goldman (born ca _____, died _____). Their children:

      1. Valentine Starnes (born ca 1722, died 1761) married Jean _____ (born ca _____, died ca _____). . . .

      2. Frederick Starnes, Jr. (born ca 1724, died April 7, 1779) married Mary _____. . . .

      3. Leonard Starnes (born ca 1726, died 1782) married _____. . . .

      4. Joseph Starnes (born ca 1730, died April 7, 1779) married _____. . . .

      5. Adam Starnes (born ca 1732, died ca 1816) married Caroline Carlock? . . . .

      6. Thomas Starnes (born ca 1734, died 1818). . . .

      NOTE: Harry Thomas Starns in A Record of the Ancestry and Descendants of John and Mary Haggard Starns asserts that Frederick Starnes was married twice, once to Mary Goldman, and then to Caroline Carlock. He further asserts that the Adam Starnes and Samuel Starnes mentioned in the will of Conrad Carlock are the children of this second marriage. There is a record of Adam, Leonard and Joseph Sterns serving in an expedition against the Cherokees in 1760. Adam Starnes entered land in the mid-1760's in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. Mr. Starns shows Adam as being born in 1751, which would have made him too young to have participated in the expedition or to have entered land.

      (4) Kimball, Sterling O., The Mohawk Valley Starings and Allied Families, Herkimer, NY: Herkimer County Historical Society, 1998:

      Frederick Staring aka Starnes b c1700, d 1774; m c1722 Mary Goldman, d/Conrad

      Children: Staring 2nd generation born in Albany Co., NY

      [i] Valentine b c 1722 Schoharie, (Schoharie Co) d Mar 1761; PA, m Jean

      [ii] Frederich b c 1724 German Flatts, (Herkimer Co), d 7 Apr 1779, killed by Indians near Boonesborough, KY; m Mary

      [iii] Leonard b c 1726 German Flatts, d 1782 Washington Co, VA

      [iv] Joseph b c 1730 German Flatts, d 7 Apr 1779, killed by Indians with Frederick; m Katherine

      [v] Adam b c 1732 German Flatts, d 1816 in TN

      [vi] Thomas b c 1734 German Flatts, d 1818 NC

      [vii] Sarah b c 1738 German Flatts, d 1820; m Jacob Myers

      Frederich Staring's name does not appear very often in the records. He was a boy when he arrived in New York & later went to Pennsylvania. It shows up first in the Barnetsfield Patent when he was assigned lot 24 on the north side of the Mohawk River. It consisted of thirty acres on "the great flatts" (now in Herkimer, NY) & a seventy acre wood lot.

      Frederick Starn, Ensign, was on a list of the Albany Co. Militia, 17 Nov 1733, found in "Annual Report of the State Historian", Vol.1, 1896. Colonial Series, p 572.

      When the STARNES genealogy was published in 1983 it was thought that Frederick had left the Mohawk Valley by 1739 but it was not known where in Pennsylvania he had settled. Since publication of the book Rev. Partee Boliak of Phoenix, MD (a Starnes descendant) found a record in Washington, DC, noted below.

      H. Gerald Starnes, co-author of the above named book, reported in the "STA Newsletter" of October 1992, quoting from the minutes of the Provincial Council (PA) that "About the year 1740 or 41, one Frederick Star(n), a German, with two or three of his countrymen, made some small settlements at the very same place which were discovered by the Delewares . . . in 1742. . . ." Since this land had not been sold by the Indians, they complained to the Pennsylvania government & the settlers were removed in June 1743. This land was located about thirty miles northwest of Harrisburg, PA near Thompsontown, Juniata Co.

      In the spring of the next year Frederick located on the New River near Radford, VA. A historical marker was dedicated to him & his wife on the lawn of the Radford Public Library on 27 June 1992 by the Starnes/Starns Triennial Association.

      Frederick's name appears in the partition of Gertrude Petrie's Burnetsfield patent lot 17, recorded in Oneida Co, NY, Deed Book two, page one, on 1 Nov 1793. He was identified as one of the original proprietors of the patent & was assigned lots numbered 6 in the partition. This identifies Frederick as the third original immigrant.

      Valentine, Frederick's first born son, was assigned lot 6 adjacent to his father's lot in the Burnetsfield Patent. In Pennsylvania he had land on the Juniata River & was able to remain on it when his father moved the family to Virginia. When he died he willed one hundred acres to his brother Frederick's son John Starns.

      The information about this family is from "Of Them That Left a Name Behind - A History of the Starnes Family" except as indicated otherwise. Much additional data will be found in that genealogy.


      Frederick Starnes, Sr
      Birth: 1700, Germany
      Death: 1775, Virginia, USA

      Frederick Staring/Starnes/Starns/Stearns was born near the village of Alzey, in the Palatine region of what is now Germany c. 1700. He came with his father Adam, and uncles Nicholas and Valentine (and various unnamed members of their families) to Rotterdam, then to London, then arrived in New York in 1710. He married Mary Goldman, a daughter of Conrad Goldman, another Palatine immigrant. They were in NY as late as 1733, spent a brief time with her brothers in Pennsylvania, and arrived in Virginia around 1740. While it is not known for certain, it is believed that Frederick and his wife Mary are buried in this cemetery, near the site of their homeplace. Descendants placed a marker here in his memory in the 1990s.

      Family links: Children: Frederick Starnes (1724 - 1779), Joseph Starnes (1730 - 1779); Spouse: Mary Goldman Starnes (1703 - ____).

      Burial: Sulphur Springs Cemetery, Sulphur Springs Heights, Smyth County, Virginia, USA

      Created by: John Field Pankow
      Record added: Jan 27, 2007
      Find A Grave Memorial# 17701442
    Person ID I98  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 5 Aug 2021 

    Father Johann Adam STARING,   b. of Wonsheim, Present-Day Alzey-Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother --- (STARING),   d. Abt 1710 
    Family ID F19142  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Mary GOLDMAN,   b. Abt 1703, Gundheim, Present-Day Landkreis Alzey-Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sulphur Springs, Smyth County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Abt 1722  NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Valentine STARNES,   b. Abt 1722, Schoharie, Present-Day Schoharie County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 25 Mar 1761, Lancaster County, PA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 39 years)
     2. Frederick STARNES, II,   b. Abt 1724, German Flatts, Present-Day Herkimer County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Apr 1779, Madison County, KY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 55 years)
     3. Leonard STARNES, I,   b. Abt 1726, German Flatts, Present-Day Herkimer County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1782, Chilhowie, Washington County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 56 years)
     4. Joseph STARNES, I,   b. Abt 1730, German Flatts, Present-Day Herkimer County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Apr 1779, Madison County, KY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 49 years)
     5. Adam STARNES, I,   b. Abt 1732, German Flatts, Present-Day Herkimer County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1816, TN Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 84 years)
     6. Thomas STARNES,   b. Abt 1734, German Flatts, Present-Day Herkimer County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1818  (Age ~ 84 years)
     7. Sarah STARNES,   b. Abt 1738, German Flatts, Present-Day Herkimer County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1820  (Age ~ 82 years)
    Last Modified 5 Aug 2021 
    Family ID F753  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Headstones
    Frederick STARNES, I
    Frederick STARNES, I