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John WATKINS

Male Bef 1837 - 1920  (> 82 years)


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  • Name John WATKINS 
    Born Bef 20 Aug 1837  Westerham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 20 Aug 1837  Westerham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 29 Jun 1920  Sevenoaks, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Probate 21 Sep 1920  National Probate Registry, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • (1) England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975:

      Name: John Watkins
      Gender: Male
      Christening Date: 20 Aug 1837
      Christening Date (Original): 20 Aug 1837
      Christening Place: Westerham, Kent, England
      Father's Name: William Finniss Watkins
      Mother's Name: Anne

      (2) "The Swan Brewery," in "Westerham's War Factory" <http://www.visitwesterham.org.uk/images/documents/thesterlingworks-1.pdf>:

      The earliest reference to the Swan was on the 11th of October 1720 when John Wickham got a lease from the Reverend George Lewis for a building 'in use as a malt house'. It would seem that it continued as a malt house until 1795 when Edward Finniss converted it to a brewery. Edward Finniss's nephew William Edward Watkins actually ran the brewery and when he died in 1822 his eldest son William Finniss Watkins took control. 50 years later William Finniss Watkin's son John was the active partner in W Watkins and Son. The firm was clearly in financial difficulties by the 1870's but they carried on in a quiet way and when in 1889 William Finniss Watkins died at the age of 80 he bequeathed to his son John 'all the fixed plant used in the carrying on of our business of brewers, maltsters and mineral water manufacturers'.

      On the13th of June 1891 John and his wife Ruth laid the foundation stone for a 78 foot high chimney adjacent to the Swan premises on land that was to eventually become the Sterling factory. It must be assumed that they were expanding their premises to meet the growing threat from the Black Eagle Brewery at the other end of the town, however in spite of this they were not able to resist the pressure and in 1897 sold out to the Black Eagle. The Swan Brewery was immediately closed but the malt house continued in use 'for some time'. Some accounts for 1901 show 'repairs to Swan Malt house'.

      For some years the brewery continued in use as a vinegar brewery but whether this was in the old Swan or the new part constructed by John Watkins we do not know. We do know that a company called the Kent Vinegar Brewery Company Ltd operated the vinegar works.

      (3) John WATKINS is listed in a household headed by his father, William WATKINS, in the 1841 census of Westerham, Kent, England.

      John is listed in the 1841 census as a person who was then 3 years of age; therefore, according to the 1841 census, he was born in about 1838. According to the 1841 census, he was born in Kent, England.

      * * *

      The 1841 Census for England was taken on the night of 6 June 1841. The following information was requested:

      • Name of street, avenue, road, etc.
      • House name or number
      • Surname of head of household
      • Name of persons who had spent the night in the household
      • Age*
      • Sex
      • Person's occupation
      • Where born**

      *The ages of people over 15 years old were usually rounded down to the nearest 5 years. For example, someone who was actually 24 years would have their age listed as 20, and someone who was actually 27 years old would have their age listed as 25.

      **The "Where Born" column only asked two questions - 1) whether born in same county, and 2) whether born in Scotland, Ireland, or Foreign Parts. Possible answers and abbreviations to question #1 include: Yes (Y), No, (N), or Not Known (NK). For question #2, the following abbreviations were used: Scotland (S), Ireland (I), and Foreign Parts (F).

      Enumeration forms were distributed to all households a couple of days before census night and the household members were required to complete the forms themselves. The next day, the enumerators collected the completed forms. All responses were to reflect the individual's status as of 6 June 1841 for all individuals who had spent the night in the house. People who were traveling or living abroad were enumerated at the location where they spent the night on census night. All of the details from the individual forms were later sorted and copied into enumerators' books, which are the records we can view images of today. The original householders schedules from 1841 to 1901 were destroyed.

      The clerks who compiled and reviewed the census data made a variety of marks on the returns. Unfortunately, many of these tally marks were written over personal information and some fields, such as ages, can be difficult to read as a result. More useful marks include a single slash between households within a building and a double slash separating households in separate buildings.

      A major problem with the 1841 census is that it was written in pencil rather than pen. This has resulted in many faded pages which have proved unreadable on microfilm.

      (4) John WATKINS is listed in a household headed by his father, William Finnis WATKINS, in the 1851 census of Westerham, Kent, England. [William's name is listed as William Furing WOLK in the index to the 1851 census.] [Note by compiler: The census enumerator's handwriting is hard to read, and the compiler is not certain that he has read it correctly.]

      John is listed in the 1851 census as a nurseryman who was then 13 years of age; therefore, according to the 1851 census, he was born in about 1838. According to the 1851 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      * * *

      The 1851 Census for England was taken on the night of 30 March 1851. The following information was requested:

      • Name of street, place, road, etc.
      • House number or name
      • Name of each person that had spent the night in that household
      • Relationship of person enumerated to the head of the family
      • Person's marital status
      • Age at last birthday (sex is indicated by column in which age is recorded)
      • Person's rank, profession, or occupation
      • Person's place of birth (if outside of England or Wales, only the country may be given)
      • Whether blind, deaf, or idiot

      Enumeration forms were distributed to all households a couple of days before census night and the household members were required to complete the forms themselves. The next day, the enumerators collected the completed forms. All responses were to reflect the individual's status as of 30 March 1851 for all individuals who had spent the night in the house. People who were traveling or living abroad were enumerated at the location where they spent the night on census night. All of the details from the individual forms were later sorted and copied into enumerators' books, which are the records we can view images of today. The original householders schedules from 1841 to 1901 were destroyed.

      The clerks who compiled and reviewed the census data made a variety of marks on the returns. Unfortunately, many of these tally marks were written over personal information and some fields, such as ages, can be difficult to read as a result. More useful marks include a single slash between households within a building and a double slash separating households in separate buildings.

      (4) John WATKINS is listed in a household headed by his father, William F. WATKINS, in the 1861 census of Westerham, Kent, England.

      John is listed in the 1861 census as a brewer who was then 23 years of age; therefore, according to the 1861 census, he was born in about 1838. According to the 1861 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      * * *

      The 1861 Census for England was taken on the night of 7 April 1861. The following information was requested:

      • Name of street, avenue, road, etc.
      • House name or number
      • Whether property vacant or inhabited
      • Surname of head of household
      • Name of persons who had spent the night in the household
      • Relationship of enumerated person to head of house
      • Person's marital status
      • Age at last birthday (gender indicated by column in which age is recorded)
      • Person's occupation
      • Person's place of birth
      • Whether blind, deaf, or idiot

      Enumeration forms were distributed to all households a couple of days before census night and the household members were required to complete the forms themselves. The next day, the enumerators collected the completed forms. All responses were to reflect the individual's status as of 7 April 1861 for all individuals who had spent the night in the house. People who were traveling or living abroad were enumerated at the location where they spent the night on census night. All of the details from the individual forms were later sorted and copied into enumerators' books, which are the records we can view images of today. The original householders schedules from 1841 to 1901 were destroyed.

      (5) A household headed by John WATKINS is listed in the 1871 census of Westerham, Kent, England.

      John is listed in the 1871 census as a brewery manager who was then 33 years of age; therefore, according to the 1871 census, he was born in about 1838. According to the 1871 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Listed with John is his wife, Mary Ann, who was then 26 years of age; therefore, according to the 1871 census, she was born in about 1845. According to the 1871 census, she was born in Hever, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John is his daughter, Mary A. C., who was then 6 years of age; therefore, according to the 1871 census, she was born in about 1865. According to the 1871 census, she was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John is his son, William F., who was then 5 years of age; therefore, according to the 1871 census, he was born in about 1866. According to the 1871 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John is his daughter, Frances A. S., who was then 1 year of age; therefore, according to the 1871 census, she was born in about 1870. According to the 1871 census, she was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John is an apparently unrelated domestic servant.

      * * *

      The 1871 census for England was taken on the night of 2 April 1871. The following information was requested:

      • Address (name of the street, avenue, or road; house number)
      • Occupant (name of each person who spent the night in the house; their birthplace and relationship to head of family)
      • Residence (whether home was inhabited; number of rooms occupied)
      • Personal (sex, age, marital status)
      • Occupation (whether employer, employee, or neither)
      • Health (whether blind, deaf, dumb, imbecile, idiot, or lunatic)

      Enumeration forms were distributed to all households a few days before the census night and the household members were required to complete the forms themselves. The next day, the enumerators collected the completed forms. All of the details from the individual forms were later sorted and copied into enumerators' books, which are the records we can view images of today. The original householders schedules from 1841 to 1901 were destroyed.

      (6) A household headed by John WATKINS is listed in the 1881 census of Westerham, Kent, England.

      John is listed in the 1881 census as a master maltster and brewer who was then 43 years of age; therefore, according to the 1881 census, he was born in about 1838. According to the 1881 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Listed with John is his wife, Mary Ann C., who was then 36 years of age; therefore, according to the 1881 census, she was born in about 1845. According to the 1881 census, she was born in Hever, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John is his daughter, Rebecca Kate, who was then 7 years of age; therefore, according to the 1881 census, she was born in about 1874. According to the 1881 census, she was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John is his son, John Henry, who was then 4 years of age; therefore, according to the 1881 census, he was born in about 1877. According to the 1881 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John is his son, Arthur Albert, who was then 1 month old; therefore, according to the 1881 census, he was born in about 1881. According to the 1881 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John is his son, George Edward, who was then 1 month old; therefore, according to the 1881 census, he was born in about 1881. According to the 1881 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John is an apparently unrelated domestic servant.

      (7) A household headed by John WATKINS is listed in the 1891 census of Westerham, Kent, England.

      John is listed in the 1891 census as a maltster and brewer who was then 53 years of age; therefore, according to the 1891 census, he was born in about 1838. According to the 1891 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Listed with John is his wife, Ruth, who was then 47 years of age; therefore, according to the 1891 census, she was born in about 1844. According to the 1891 census, she was born in Riverhead, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John is his daughter, Rebecca K., who was then 17 years of age; therefore, according to the 1891 census, she was born in about 1874. According to the 1891 census, she was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John is his son, John H., who was then 14 years of age; therefore, according to the 1891 census, he was born in about 1877. According to the 1891 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John is his son, Arthur A., who was then 10 years of age; therefore, according to the 1891 census, he was born in about 1881. According to the 1891 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John is his son, George E., who was then 10 years of age; therefore, according to the 1891 census, he was born in about 1881. According to the 1891 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England. Also, according to the 1891 census, he was blind from childhood.

      Also listed with John are 3 other apparently unrelated persons, 2 of which were visitors, and 1 of which was a servant.

      (18) A household headed by John WATKINS is listed in the 1901 census of Westerham, Kent, England.

      John is listed in the 1901 census as a retired maltster and brewer who was then 63 years of age; therefore, according to the 1901 census he was born in about 1838. According to the 1901 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Listed with John is his wife, Ruth, who was then 57 years of age; therefore, according to the 1901 census she was born in about 1844. According to the 1901 census, she was born in Riverhead, Kent, England.

      Also listed with John are 2 apparently unrelated servants.

      (19) A household headed by John WATKINS is listed in the 1911 census as a retired brewer who was then 73 years of age; therefore, according to the 1911 census, he was born in about 1838. According to the 1911 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England.

      Listed with John is his wife, Ruth, who was then 67 years of age; therefore, according to the 1911 census, she was born in about 1844. According to the 1911 census, she was born in Riverhead, Kent, England. Also, according to the 1911 census, she was John's second wife and had then been married to him for 20 years.

      Also listed with John is his son, George Edward, a music student who was then 30 years of age; therefore, according to the 1911 census, he was born in about 1881. According to the 1911 census, he was born in Westerham, Kent, England. Also, according to the 1911 census, he was totally blind from infancy.

      (20) England & Wales, Civil Registration Death Index, 1916-2007 [database online], Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations Inc., 2007:

      Name: John Watkins
      Death Age: 82
      Birth Date: abt 1838
      Registration Date: Jul 1920
      Registration Quarter: Jul-Aug-Sep
      Registration district: Sevenoaks
      Inferred County: Kent
      Volume: 2a
      Page: 724

      (21) England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1995 [database online], Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010:

      Name: John Watkins
      Death Date: 29 Jun 1920
      Death Place: Kent, England
      Probate Date: 21 Sep 1920
      Probate Registry: London, England
    Person ID I46691  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 18 Feb 2020 

    Father William Finnis WATKINS, Sr.,   b. Bef 5 Jun 1808, Westerham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Oct 1889, Westerham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 81 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Ann STAMP,   b. Abt 1811, Redcar, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Oct 1868, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 57 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 26 Dec 1832  St. George the Martyr, Southwark, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Family ID F27130  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Ruth MARCHANT,   b. Bef 18 Dec 1842, Riverhead, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Jun 1917, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 74 years) 
    Married 26 Apr 1890  St. Michael at Bowes, Southgate, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4
    Last Modified 18 Feb 2020 09:55:40 
    Family ID F27132  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Mary Ann Collens DOUBELL,   b. 20 Aug 1844, Hever, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Aug 1885, Westerham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Married 5 Mar 1864  Holy Trinity Church Botleys and Lyne, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Last Modified 18 Feb 2020 09:55:40 
    Family ID F27133  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Swan Brewery
    Swan Brewery

  • Sources 
    1. Citation Text: (1) England, Select Marriages, 1538–1973 [database online], Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014: Name: William Finniss Watkins Gender: Male Marriage Date: 26 Dec 1832 Marriage Place: Saint George The Martyr, Southwark, Surrey,England Spouse: Ann Stamp FHL Film Number: 307694.

    2. Citation Text: (1) London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1932 [database online], Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010: Name: John Watkins Gender: Male Marriage Age: 52 Record Type: Marriage Birth Date: abt 1838 Marriage Date: 26 Apr 1890 Marriage Place: St Michael at Bowes, Southgate, Enfield, England Father: William Finners Watkins Spouse: Ruth Marchant Register Type: Parish Register Name: Ruth Marchant Gender: Female Marriage Age: 47 Record Type: Marriage Birth Date: abt 1843 Marriage Date: 26 Apr 1890 Marriage Place: St Michael at Bowes, Southgate, Enfield, England Father: John Marchant Spouse: John Watkins Register Type: Parish Register.

    3. Citation Text: (2) England & Wales, Civil Registration Marriage Index, 1837-1915 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006: Name: John Watkins Registration Year: 1890 Registration Quarter: Apr-May-Jun Registration district: Edmonton Parishes for this Registration District include Southgate Inferred County: Middlesex Volume: 3a Page: 419 Name: Ruth Marchant Registration Year: 1890 Registration Quarter: Apr-May-Jun Registration district: Edmonton Parishes for this Registration District include Southgate Inferred County: Middlesex Volume: 3a Page: 419.

    4. Citation Text: (3) England, Surrey Parish Registers, 1536-1992: Name: John Watkins Event Type: Marriage Event Date: 05 Mar 1864 Event Place: Holy Trinity Church Botleys and Lyne, Surrey, England, United Kingdom Marital Status: Single Father's Name: William Fenniss Watkins Spouse's Name: Mary Ann Collens Daubell Spouse's Gender: Female Spouse's Marital Status: Single Spouse's Father's Name: William Daubell.

    5. Citation Text: (1) England Marriages, 1538–1973: Name: John Watkins Spouse's Name: Mary Ann Collens Daubell Event Date: 05 Mar 1864 Event Place: Newington, Surrey, England Father's Name: William Fenniss Watkins Spouse's Father's Name: William Daubell Marital Status: Single Spouse's Marital Status: Single.