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Admiral Sir William PENN

Male Bef 1621 - 1670  (> 49 years)


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  • Name William PENN 
    Title Admiral Sir 
    Born Bef 23 Apr 1621  Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 23 Apr 1621  St. Thomas the Apostle, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    AFN G85M-TG 
    Will 4 Apr 1669  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 16 Sep 1670  Wanstead, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 30 Sep 1670  St. Mary Redcliffe, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Probate 6 Oct 1670  Prerogative Court of Canterbury, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 

    • (1) Roach, Hannah Benner, "The Family of William Penn - A Collated Record," Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 25, No. 2, 1967, pp. 76-78:

      The life of . . . . WILLIAM PENN, youngest child of Giles Penn and his wife Joan Gilbeart, is stated succinctly on the monument erected to his memory by his widow and son in the church of St. Mary Redcliffe. Trained for the sea service under his father with whom he served as a lad on numerous mercantile voyages, the monument states he became a lieutenant in the Royal Navy, and in 1642 (at the age of twenty-one) was appointed a captain. The following year on 6 January 1642/3, at the church of St. Martin, Ludgate, London, he married a young widow, MARGARET (JASPER) VAN DER SCHUREN, daughter of Johann Jasper, a merchant of Rotterdam and Ballycase, County Clare, Ireland, and widow of Nicasius Van der Schuren of Kilconry, parish of Kilrush, County Clare. They established a household in London on Tower Hill in the parish of St. Catherine [Katherine?].

      In 1645, when he was twenty-three, he was appointed Rear Admiral; in 1647, Vice Admiral of Ireland; in 1650, Admiral of the "Streights;" in 1652, Vice Admiral of England. In 1653, at the age of thirty-two, he was a general in "the first Dutch Warres;" and on 4 December 1654, by order of Cromwell, was granted lands in County Cork in Ireland "in consideration of the great losses sustained by General Penn and his wife by the rebellion in Ireland." Upon the Restoration he was knighted by Charles II on 9 June 1660, made Admiral of the Navy, Governor of the town and fort of Kinsale and, in 1664, was chosen Captain Commander under the king in the successful fight against the Dutch. In 1669, he retired from active affairs to Wanstead in Essex, where he died testate 16 September 1670, aged forty-nine years and four months. He was interred "In Led" in Sr. Mary Redcliffe the following 3 October.

      In his will, dated 4 April 1669, and proved in London 6 October 1670, he devised ??300 and all his jewels not otherwise bequeathed to his wife Dame Margaret Penn, as well as the life use of half of his plate and household goods, coaches, coach-horses and mares, and cows. During his minority his younger son Richard was to have ??120 yearly out of the personal estate for his maintenance and, when he came of age, ??4000 sterling, with the Admiral's favorite diamond ring, all his swords, guns and pistols. To his granddaughter, Margaret Lowther, he Left ??100, to his nephews, James Bradshaw and William Markham, and to his cousin William Penn, son of George Penn "late of the forest of Braydon, deceased," each ten pounds. To his nephews, John Bradshaw and George Markham, he left five pounds apiece, and to his cousin "Elianore" Keene six pounds, to be paid her yearly in quarterly installments. His servant, William Bradshaw, was to have forty shillings for a ring; his servant, John Whrenn, five pounds, and the poor of the parishes of Redcliffe and St. Thomas in Bristol, each twenty pounds.

      To his eldest son William Penn, whom he named sole executor, he left his gold chain and medal, the other half of his plate and household goods, directing him to provide out of the personal estate suitable mourning for Dame Margaret, for his son Richard, for his daughter Margaret and her husband Anthony Lowther, for Dr. Whister and his wife, and for such servants as Dame Margaret should nominate. Sir William Coventry, of the parish of St. Martin in the Fields, was to act as mediator in the event of any differences between Dame Margaret and his son William. Witnesses were R. Langhorn, John Radford, and William Markham, probably the nephew.

      Dame Margaret Penn survived her husband twelve years, dying a year after her son obtained his charter for Pennsylvania from King Charles. Letters of administration on the estate of Margaret Penn, late of "Waltham Stow," Essex, were granted 13 March 1681/2, to her son, the Founder of Pennsylvania.

      Issue of . . . Admiral Sir William Penn and his wife Margaret (Jasper) Van der Schuren: . . .

      i. WILLIAM PENN, the Founder, b. in London 14 October 1644; d. at Ruscombe, Berks., 30 5m (July) 1718, bur. at Jordans Friends' Meeting ground near Chalfont, Bucks. . . .

      ii. MARGARET PENN, b. ca. 1645; d. 5 December 1718, ae. 73, bur. at Walthamstow, Essex; m. at Clapham, Surrey, by license 14 February 1666/7, ANTHONY LOWTHER. b. ca. 1640; d. 27 January 1692, ae. 52, bur. at Walthamstow in the church of St. Mary the Virgin, son of Robert Lowther of Maske, Yorkshire. Anthony Lowther was M.P. for Appleby in 1678 and 1679. Issue: 1. MARGARET LOWTHER, b. 8 February 1667/8; d. ca. 1719-1720; m. BENJAMIN POOLE, Esq. 2. WILLIAM LOWTHER. d. ca. 1669, ae. 6 months, bur. at Walthamstow. 3. ELIZABETH LOWTHER, b. ca. July 1670; prob. d. before 1681. 4. ROBERT LOWTHER, b. ca. 1672; d. ca. 1693, "a Gent. of great hopes and learning;" bur. at Walthamstow. 5. WILLIAM LOWTHER (2nd), b. ca. 1674, created Baronet in 1697; d. in April 1704; m. Catherine Preston, daughter of Thomas Preston of Holker, Lanc. 6. ANN CHARLOTTE LOWTHER, b. ca. 1676; d. after 1681, in childhood. 7. ANTHONY LOWTHER, JR., b. ca. 1678; d. ae. 1 year and 8 months, bur. at Walthamstow. 8. JOHN LOWTHER, b. ca. 1680; m. by 1720, and living in 1731, 9. ANTHONY LOWTHER (2nd), b. ca. 1682; d. ca. 1702, ae. 20 years, bur. at Walthamstow.

      iii. RICHARD PENN, b. ca. 1648. Described by Samuel Pepys in 1644/5, as "a notable stout, witty boy," he probably was destined for sea-service by his father, and was in Italy in 1670, but d. testate unmarried and was bur. at Walthamstow 9 April 1673. In his will, dated 4 April 1673, and proved 11 April following, he devised ??10 to the poor of Walthamstow where he directed he was to be buried; left ??40 yearly to his mother for her life; ??50 to his sister Margaret Lowther and ??30 to her husband, as well as two guns and a pair of pistols to be selected by his brother William; to his sister-in-law Gulielma Maria Penn ??50 "in token of love," and ??10 to his servant George Haman. He named his mother executrix.

      (2) Jenkins, Howard M., The Family of William Penn, Founder of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA & London, England: H.M. Jenkins, Headley Bros., 1899, pp. 14-29, 46-47:

      ADMIRAL SIR WILLIAM PENN.

      Coming now to the Admiral, the great-grandson of the Yeoman, and father of the Founder, we may make selection among many personal details. Granville Penn, great-grandson of the Admiral, has gathered into his two volumes (London, 1833) the materials of a Memorial of his ancestor at once dignified and honorable. Contending with all the gibes and slurs of Mr. Samuel Pepys's Diary, and compelled to extract from that rich storehouse of history and spite the allusions to Sir William, he accomplishes the task with credit. We shall, in a moment, cite some of Pepys's paragraphs bearing upon the Admiral's family life and personal qualities. Many of them lie enfolded each in its own layer of backbiting, but this the reader can perhaps allow for. We present now the monumental inscription to the Admiral, placed in the church of St. Mary Redcliffe, at Bristol, where his mother, Joan Gilbert, had been buried earlier, and where, in pursuance of his will, he was himself buried, with full ceremony, September 30, 1670.

      We take the inscription as it is given by Granville Penn (Vol. II. p. 580), as follows:

      To the just Memory of Sr WILLM PENN, Kt., and sometimes Generall: Borne at Bristoll An. 1621: Son of Captain Giles Penn, severall yeares Consul for ye English in ye Mediterranean; of the Penns of Penns Lodge in ye County of Wilts, and those Penns of Penn in ye C. of Bucks; and by his Mother from the Gilberts in ye County of Somerset, Originally from Yorkshire: Addicted from his Youth to Maritime Affaires; he was made Captain at the yeares of 21; Rear-Admiral of Ireland at 23; Vice-Admiral of Ireland at 25; Admiral to the Streights at 29; Vice-Admiral of England at 31, and General in the first Dutch Warres, at 32. Whence retiring, in Ao 1655 he was chosen a Parliament man for the Town of Weymouth, 1660; made Commissioner of
      the Admiralty and Navy; Governor of the Town and Fort of King-sail; Vice-Admiral of Munster, and a Member of that Provincial Counseill; and in Anno 1664, was chosen Great Captain Commander under his Royall Highnesse in yt Signall and most evidently successful fight against the Dutch fleet.

      Thus, He took leave of the Sea, his old Element; But continued still his other employs till 1669; at what time, through Bodely Infirmities (contracted by ye Care and fatigue of Publique Affairs),

      He withdrew,

      Prepared and made for his End; and with a gentle and Even Gale, in much peace, arrived and anchored in his Last and Best Port, at Wanstead in ye County of Essex, ye 16 Sept. 1670, Being then but 49 and 4 months old. To whose Name and merit his surviving Lady hath erected this remembrance.

      The Admiral, it has already been said, was born at Bristol in 1621, twenty years later than his brother George. He was "baptised in the church of St. Thomas the Apostle, in that city, on the 23d day of April," in that year. His father educated him "with great care, under his own eye, for the sea-service; causing him to be well grounded in all its branches, practical and scientific, as is shown by sundry elementary and tabular documents, nautical journals, draughts of lands, observations and calculations, which still survive." He served with his father, as a boy, "in various mercantile voyages to the northern seas, and to the Mediterranean, became a lieutenant in the royal navy," and "thenceforth passed the whole of his active life" in that service, under the Parliament, the Protector, and the Restoration. He married "very early in life," says Granville Penn, and the biography of him by Professor J. K. Laughton, in the "National Dictionary of Biography," says "about 1639." If in that year, he was only eighteen years old. But Hepworth Dixon has called attention to an entry in Pepys's Diary which seems to fix the date in 1643-44. It says,-

      "Jan 6, 1661-2.-To dinner at Sir W. Pen's, it being a solemn feast day with him,-his wedding day, and we had, besides a good chine of beef and other good cheer, eighteen mince pies in a dish, the number of years that he hath been married."

      Subtracting the eighteen pies from the date of this feast would fix the marriage January 6,1643-44; and as William Penn the Founder, who has always been described as the first child, was born October 14, 1644, this date thus receives a reasonable confirmation.

      Captain Penn's wife was Margaret Jasper, of Rotterdam, daughter of John Jasper. And this is all that seems to be known of her family, though why our information is so meagre is not easily explained. John Jasper is generally described as a merchant, sometimes as an "opulent" one; by one authority he is named a burgomaster, and the editor of Lord Braybrooke's edition of Pepys calls him Sir John. As to his daughter, we have little knowledge, except the pictures coarsely drawn by Pepys. This one is well known:

      "Aug. 19, 1664.-To Sir W. Pen's, to see his lady the first time, who is a well-looked, fat, short old Dutchwoman, but one that has been heretofore pretty handsome, and is now very discreet, and I believe hath more wit than her husband. Here we stayed talking a good while, and very well pleased I was with the old woman."'

      The further allusions to Lady Penn by Pepys are not all in the same vein as this, though there are one or two that are not appropriate for reproduction. If we were forced to judge of her discretion, or even her wit, by his stories, we should hardly place them high, at least not from our standpoint of manners. The rompings and roisterings, the blacking of faces and tumbling upon beds, which he describes,-how truly is a question,-do not sound nice, and it seems very evident that, after allowing for Pepys's own coarseness and habitual readiness to backbite, we must make a further large allowance for the times of the Restoration, within the influence of Charles II's court. A few passages from Pepys, alluding to Lady Penn, may be given; she is mentioned also in others, to be cited in a moment, relating more particularly to her husband and daughter:

      "June 8, 1665.- . . . then to my Lady Pen's, where they are all joyed, and not a little puffed up at the good success of their father [in the naval battle with the Dutch, June 3]; and good service indeed is said to have been done by him. Had a great bonfire at the gate. . . ."

      "June 6, 1666.- . . . And so home to our church, it being the common Fast-day, and it was just before sermon; but . . . how all the people in the church stared upon me to see me whisper to Sir John Minnes and my Lady Pen."

      "June 11, 1666.-I with my Lady Pen and her daughter to see Harmon [Captain, afterwards Rear-Admiral, wounded in the naval battle] whom we found lame in bed."

      It would be pleasant to wash the ill taste of Pepys out of one's mouth with something better; but, as has been said, there is little information available concerning Lady Penn from other sources. The high regard of William Penn the Founder for his mother is generally asserted. Clarkson says he had for her "the deepest filial affection. She had often interposed in his behalf when his father was angry with him for the dereliction of Church principles, and of the honors and fashions of the world, and she took him under her wing and supported him when he was turned out of doors for the same reason." In a letter written to a friend he speaks of "my sickness upon my mother's death." The biographical sketch prefixed to the collection of his "Select Works" says that at the time of his father's displeasure at his adoption of Quaker views he was "thus exposed to the charity of his friends, having no other subsistence, except what his mother privately sent him." Lady Penn died at the end of February or beginning of March, 1681-82, and was buried on the 4th of March, at Walthamstow, in Essex.

      The will of Admiral Penn is printed nearly in full in Granville Penn's "Memorials," and an abstract of it is given in the Pennsylvania Magazine, Vol. XVI. It is dated January 20, 1669, and was proved October 6, 1670. He mentions in it his wife, Dame Margaret Penn; son William Penn; younger son Richard Penn; daughter Margaret, wife of Anthony Lowther; and the nephews Bradshaw and Markham, and cousin William Penn, previously referred to in these notes. He directs that the monument in the church at Bristol shall be for himself and his mother, but Mr. J. H. Lea says (1890) that, upon a visit there, he "found no trace" of any such memorial to the mother; probably none was erected.

      The Admiral's public career cannot here be described. The abstract on the church tablet will sufficiently serve. His marriage has been mentioned. Some notices of him by Pepys may be here introduced; he is alluded to in the Diary many scores of times between 1660 and 1669:

      "Sept. 8, 1660.-Drinking a glass of wine late, and discoursing with Sir W. Pen. I find him to be a very sociable man, and an able man, and very cunning."

      "Nov. 1, 1660.-This morning Sir W. Pen and I were mounted early, [to ride to Sir William Batten's] and had very merry discourse all the way, he being very good company."

      "April 18, 1661.- . . . Then, it raining hard, homewards again, [from visiting Lady Sandwich, at Walthamstow] and in our way met with two country fellows upon one horse, which I did, without much ado, give the way to, but Sir W. Pen would not, but struck them, and they him, and so passed away, but they, giving him some high words, he went back again, and struck them off their horse, in a simple fury, and without much honor, in my mind, and so come away."

      These allusions have the air of truth. But the key-note of Pepys's dislike for Sir William appears in an entry in the summer of 1662. It seems that Pepys was interfered with in his enjoyment of some of the "pickings" of the office. His greediness could ill brook that:

      "June 3, 1662.- . . . At the office, and Mr. Coventry brought his patent and took his place with us this morning. Upon our making a contract, I went, as I use to do, to draw the heads thereof, but Sir W. Pen most basely told me that the Comptroller is to do it, and so begun to employ Mr. Turner about it, at which I was much vexed, and begun to dispute; and what with the letter of the Duke's orders, and Mr. Barlow's letter, and the practice of our predecessors, which Sir G. Carteret knew best when he was Comptroller, it was ruled for me. What Sir J. Minnes will do, when he comes, I knowe not, but Sir W. Pen did it like a base raskall, and so I shall remember him while I live."

      Probably this threat, entered in heat in Pepys's secret cipher, was actually kept. His malice is shown many times. Thus:

      "July 5, 1662.-At noon had Sir W. Pen, who I hate with all my heart for his base treacherous tricks, but yet I think it not policy to declare it yet, and his son William, to my house to dinner. . . ."

      "July 9,1662.-Sir W. Pen came to my office to take his leave of me, and, desiring a turn in the garden, did commit the care of his building to me, and offered all his services to me in all matters of mine. I did, God forgive me ! promise him all my services and love, though the rogue knows he deserves none from me, nor do I intend to show him any; but as he dissembles with me so must I with him."

      "July 1, 1666.-(Lord's day.) Comes Sir W. Pen to town, which I little expected, having invited my Lady and her daughter Pegg to dine with me to-day; which at noon they did, and Sir W. Pen with them; and pretty merry we were. And though I do not love him, yet I find it neccessary to keep in with him; his good service at Shearnesse, in getting out the fleete, being much taken notice of, and reported to the King and Duke; . . . therefore, I think it is discretion, great and necessary discretion, to keep in with him."

      "Feb. 21,1666-7.-To the office, where sat all the morning, and there a most furious conflict between Sir W. Pen and I, in few words, and on a sudden occasion, of no great moment, but very bitter and smart on one another, and so broke off, and to our business, my heart as full of spite as it could hold, for which God forgive me and him."

      "April 20, 1668.-Meeting with Sir William Hooker, the Alderman, he did cry out mighty high against Sir W. Pen for his getting such an estate, and giving ??15,000 with his daughter, which is more, by half, than ever he did give; but this the world believes, and so let them."

      A few other allusions, rather less unpleasing than these, may be added. The last, in June, 1668, approaches the end of the Admiral's active career.

      "April 18, 1666.-To Mr. Lilly's, the painter's [Lely, afterwards Sir Peter]; and there saw the heads, some finished, and all begun, of the Flaggmen in the late great fight with the Duke of York against the Dutch. The Duke of York hath them done to hang in his chamber, and very finely they are done indeed. Here are the Prince's [etc.] and will be my Lord Sandwich's, Sir W. Pen's" [etc.].

      "July 4, 1666.- . . . In the evening Sir W. Pen came to me, and we walked together, and talked of the late fight. I find him very plain that the whole conduct of the late fight was ill" [etc., explaining at length its character, and his view of a proper system of naval attack].

      "May 27, 1668.-To see Sir W. Pen, whom I find still very ill of the gout, sitting in his great chair, made on purpose for persons sick of that disease, for their ease; and this very chair, he tells me was made for my Lady Lambert" [wife of General Lambert, the Parliamentary commander]. "June 4.- . . . and besides my Lord Brouncker is at this time ill, and Sir W. Pen." "June 17.-Saw Sir W. Pen, who is well again."

      Admiral Penn had three children: William the Founder, Richard, and Margaret. By the will of the Admiral, Richard was to have had one hundred and twenty pounds a year until he was twenty-one, and then four thousand pounds, but he survived his father only three years. He died in April, 1673, and was buried at Walthamstow. There is a letter in Granville Penn's "Memorials" (pp. 559-60), addressed to "the Hon. Sir W. Penn, Kilt., etc., at his house at Wanstead, near London," dated at Livorno (Italy), June 2, 1670, from William Poole, commanding the ship "Jersey," to which letter there is this postscript:

      "My cousin, Richard Penn, is very well, and goes to Florence with Sir Thomas Clutterbuck, to wait on the ambassador."

      This Richard Penn, Granville Penn says ("Memorials," foot-note, p. 560), was the younger son of whom we are speaking. It would seem that he had been on the "Jersey" with Captain Poole, and it is probable that he was designed by his father to be a seaman. Pepys makes one allusion to Richard, and not unkindly:

      "Feb. 14, 1664-5.-This morning betimes comes Dicke Pen to be my wife's Valentine, and came to our bedside. By the same token, I had him brought to my side, thinking to make him kiss me, but he perceived me, and would not; so went to his Valentine: a notable stout, witty boy."

      Margaret Penn, the daughter, married Anthony Lowther, of Mask (or Marske) in Yorkshire. She is mentioned many times by Pepys, and often offensively. His dislike for her father he apparently conferred also upon her. Her husband is referred to more favorably. It would appear that he was a man of good character as well as good estate. In William Penn's "No Cross, no Crown," he quotes the dying expressions of "Anthony Lowther, of Mask, a person of good sense, of a sweet temper, a just mind, and of a sober education," whom I presume to have been the father of Margaret's husband. I cite here some of the earlier allusions of Pepys to Margaret Penn:

      "July 28, 1661.-To church, and then came home with us Sir W. Pen, and drank with us, and then went away, and my wife after him, to see his daughter that is lately come out of Ireland; and whereas I expected she should have been a great beauty, she is a very plain girl."

      "Oct. 6, 1661.-To church . . . There was also . . . Mrs. Margaret Pen, this day come to church, in a new flowered satin suit, that my wife helped her to buy the other day."

      "Dec. 11, 1681.-My wife by coach to Clerkenwell, to see Mrs. Margaret Pen, who is at school there."

      Margaret's school days appear to have been over by 1664, for then she seems to have devoted herself to fashionable occupations, and to have taken lessons in painting at her home. Pepys has these entries,-the last one characteristically spiteful:

      "Nov. 20, 1664.-Up and with my wife to church, where Pegg Pen very fine in her new colored silk suit, laced with silver lace."

      "Jan. 13, 1664-5.-To my Lady Batten's, where I find Pegg Pen, the first time that ever I saw her to wear spots."

      "Aug. 7, 1665.-Talking with Mrs. Pegg Pen, and looking over her pictures, and commended them; but . . . so far short of my wife's as no comparison!"

      "Sept. 3, 1665.-I took my Lady Pen home, and her daughter Pegg; and after dinner I made my wife show them her pictures, which did mad Pegg Pen, who learns of the same man."

      The appearance of Mr. Lowther on the scene is recorded by Pepys:

      "Jan. 11, 1665-6.-At noon to dinner all of us by invitation to Sir W. Pen's, and much company. Among others . . . his . . . [prospective] son-in-law Lowther, servant to Mrs. Margaret Pen."

      "April 12, 1666.-My Lady Pen comes to me, and takes me into her house, where I find her daughter and a pretty lady of her acquaintance, one Mrs. Lowther, sister, I suppose, of her servant Lowther's. . . . Mrs. Margaret Pen grows mighty homely, and looks old."

      "Jan. 4,1666-7.-Comes our company to dinner; my Lord Bronncker, Sir W. Pen, his lady, and Pegg, and her servant Mr. Lowther. . . . Mr. Lowther a pretty gentleman, too good for Pegg."

      The marriage seems to have been very quiet and decorous, and thus, sad to say, gave great offence to the virtuous Pepys:

      "Feb. 14,1666-7.-Pen Pen is married this day privately; no friends, but two or three relations of his and hers. Borrowed many things of my kitchen for dressing their dinner. This wedding private is imputed to its being just before Lent, and so in vain to make new clothes till Easter, that they might see the fashions as they are like to be this summer; which is reason good enough. Mrs. Turner tells me she hears Sir W. Pen gives ??4500 or ??4000 with her."'

      "Feb. 20,1666-7.-To White Hall, by the way observing Sir W. Pen's carrying a favor to Sir W. Coventry, for his daughter's wedding, and saying there was others for us, when we will fetch them, which vexed me, and I am resolved not to wear it when he orders me one. His wedding hath been so poorly kept that I am ashamed of it; for a fellow that makes such a flutter as he does."

      "Feb. 22, 1666-7.-All of us, that is to say my Lord Bronncker, J. Minnes, W. Batten, T. Harvy, and myself, to Sir Pen's house, where some other company. It is instead of a wedding dinner for his daughter, whom I saw in palterly clothes, nothing new but a bracelet that her servant [now her husband] had given her, and ugly she is as heart can wish. A sorry dinner, not anything handsome or clean, but some silver plates they had borrowed of me. My wife was here too. We had favors given us all, and we put them in our hats, I against my will, but that my Lord and the rest did."

      "Feb. 27,1666-7.-To Sir W. Pen's, and sat with my Lady, and the young couple (Sir William out of town) talking merrily; but they make a very sorry couple, methinks, though rich."

      And not only did the marriage, the later dinner, and eke the wedding favors dissatisfy the diarist, but he was further offended by the fineness of her coach, and what he regarded as the inadequacy of her wardrobe; while later he was disgusted at seeing her train borne by a page:

      "May 1, 1667.-Thence [the King's playhouse] Sir W. Pen and I in his coach, Tiburne way, into the Park, where a horrid dust and a number of coaches. . . . But that which I did see and wonder at with reason was to find Pegg Pen in a new coach, with only her husband's pretty sister [Margaret Lowther, afterwards the wife of Sir John Holmes] with her, both patched and very fine, and in much the finest coach in the park, and I think that ever I did see one or other, for neatness and richness in gold and everything that is noble . . . but to live in the condition they do at home and be abroad in this coach astonishes me . . . then home; where we find the two young ladies come home and their patches off; I suppose Sir W. Pen do not allow of them in his sight. Sir W. Pen did give me an account of his design of buying Sir R. Brooke's fine house at Wansted" [etc. The purchase was not made].

      "June 28, 1667.-To Sir W. Batten's, to see how he did. . . . He told me how Mrs. Lowther had her train held up by a page, at his house in the country; which is ridiculous."

      "July 14, (Lord's day.)- . . . and so towards Epsom [in a coach and four, Pepys, his wife, and Mrs. Turner] talking all the way presently and particularly of the pride and ignorance of Mrs. Lowther, in having of her train carried up."

      "Sept. 11, 1667.-Come to dine with me Sir W. Batten and his lady, . . . and Sir W. Pen and his lady, and Mrs. Lowther, who is grown, either through pride or want of manners, a fool, having not a word to say; and, as a further mark of a beggarly, proud fool, hath a bracelet of diamonds and rubies about her wrist, and a sixpenny necklace about her neck, and not one good rag of clothes upon her back."

      Anthony and Margaret Lowther had issue. The birth of their first child, a girl, is noted by Pepys as occurring February 8,1667-68, and he reviles "Pegg," as usual; this time for the smallness of the company at the christening. Coleman's "Pedigree" names two children, Sir William Lowther, who married Catherine Preston, and Margaret Lowther, who married Benjamin Poole. Anthony Lowther was M.P. for Appleby in 1678 and 1679. He died in 1692, and was buried at Walthamstow. Margaret survived him many years. She is named in the will of her brother, William Penn the Founder, made in 1712, as one of the trustees to dispose of his proprietary rights in Pennsylvania. She died in 1718, and was buried, Granville Penn notes, at Walthamstow. Anthony and Margaret's son William was created a baronet in 1697. In the next generation Sir Thomas Lowther, Bart., of Holker, in Lancashire, married Lady Elizabeth, daughter of the Duke of Devonshire, and their son William dying unmarried in 1756, the baronetcy became extinct, and the Lowther property passed to the Cavendish family,-" the noble house of Cavendish," as Granville Penn, considerate always of aristocratic proprieties, is careful to say.

      What property, if any, Admiral Penn received from his father, Captain Giles, is unknown. But in 1654, as he was preparing for the famous West India expedition with Venables, he prevailed upon Cromwell to make him a grant of forfeited lands in Ireland. An order of the Protector, dated December 4, 1654, is given in full in Granville Penn's "Memorials," Vol. I. p. 19. It is addressed to the Lord Deputy and Council in Ireland, and directs "that lands of the value of ??300 a year, in Ireland, as they were let in the year 1640, be settled on General Penn and his heirs," to be located in some place "where there is a castle or convenient house for habitation upon them, and near to some town or garrison." The grant was partly made "in consideration of the great losses sustained by General Pen and his wife by the rebellion in Ireland," and in the minute of Council upon which the Protector's order was based it is recited that the favor is extended "in consideration of his sufferings in an estate of his wife's in Ireland." What estate she had, if any, or where it was situated, or how acquired, must remain, I presume, uncertain. But the grant made by Oliver to his sea-commander is readily identified. It lay in County Cork, "the castle and estate of Macromp," and "had been the ancient possession of Macarthy, Lord Muskerry," against whom Penn had been fighting a few years earlier (1646), Muskerry being then the commander of the royal (and Roman Catholic) forces in Ireland. Some other property in County Cork the Admiral seems to have bought, in 1657, of Lord Broghill, and in a letter to Henry Cromwell, Lord Deputy for Ireland, dated at Macromp, 9th November, 1657, Penn speaks of his property "in Macromp and Killcrea."

      In Ireland, at Macromp, it would appear he spent much, if not most, of his time between 1655, when he was released from his confinement in the Tower, after the return from Jamaica, and 1660, when he was among the company that repaired to Holland to bring the king back to England. Meantime Lord Muskerry had become, in 1658, by the king's favor, Earl of Clancarty, and at the Restoration he naturally lost no time in claiming of his royal master the restitution of the lands taken from him by the Protector. A document printed by Granville Penn, in his "Memorials," states that "Sir William Penn, upon the king's ordering the Earl of Clancarty to be immediately possessed of his ancient estate, did surrender the castle, town, and manor of Macromp, being a garrison wherein was constantly and conveniently quartered a foot company and a troop of horse; with many thousand acres of land contiguous; and the castle, town, and manor of Killcreagh, with several lands thereunto belonging, the whole amounting to ??848 per annum, [etc.] unto the said Earl of Clancarty." In lieu of this surrendered property the king gave the Admiral some other "forfeited lands . . . in Imokilly; namely Rostillon, Shangarry, and Inchy, with the lands joining thereunto." This gift the Admiral was able to hold, though he had to contend for it, in the courts and elsewhere, for several years,-at least as late as 1666,-the favor of the king being of importance to him at more than one juncture. The property was in County Cork, and yielded then, it appears, about one thousand pounds a year. Shangarry, in course of time, became familiar as one of the places with which the Penn name is most intimately associated.

      In London the Admiral had his home, during most of the last ten years of his life (1660-70), the period of his service as Commissioner, etc., of the navy, in one of the houses attached to the Navy Office, provided as an official residence. It was here that he was the near neighbor of Pepys, who also had an official house. Gibson, an old seaman who had served under the Admiral, and who wrote to William Penn the Founder in March, 1711-12, giving him reminiscences of his father, says, "I remember your honour very well, when you newly came out of France, and wore pantaloon breeches, at which time your late honoured father dwelt in the Navy Office, in that apartment the Lord Viscount Brouncker died in afterwards, which was on the north part of the Navy Office garden." And in the same letter Gibson says, "Your late honoured father was appointed general of the fleet, in 1655, to take St. Domingo; at which time he dwelt upon Great Tower-hill, on the east side, within a court adjoining to London-wall. And he frequently came upon the hill next his dwelling, to be applied to by persons under the degree of commanders. One day of which, I was presented to your late honoured father by my late master Mr. John Carter, purser of the Assurance when your late honoured father commanded her," etc.

      Pepys makes many allusions to the contiguity of his residence at the Navy Office with that of the Penns. The enlargement, under official authority, of their houses is repeatedly referred to, and an allusion to it may be noted in the paragraph, July 9, 1662, already cited, where, walking in the garden with Penn, "the care of his building" was considered. At the time of the Great Fire of London, in September, 1666, Pepys records that he and Sir William "did dig another [pit in the garden] and did put our wine in it, and I my Parmesan cheese," etc. And on two or three nights at this time, distressed and alarmed by the fire, he slept in the Admiral's house. It was at the house on Great Tower Hill, described by Gibson as occupied by the Admiral in 1655, that William Penn the Founder is presumed to have been born, in 1644.

      The portrait of the Admiral, painted by Lely for the Duke of York, as recorded by Pepys (April 18, 1666), is now in the hospital at Greenwich. A copy of it forms the frontispiece to Granville Penn's "Memorials." There has been in recent years a portrait found at Blackwell Grange, in Durham, which has been thought by some to be that of William Penn the Founder, and a copy of it has been placed, under that supposition, in the National Museum collection in Independence Hall, Philadelphia. This, says the biographer of the Admiral in the "National Dictionary of Biography," Mr. J. M. Rigg, " is really the portrait of the Admiral." I have myself no doubt that Mr. Rigg is correct in this statement. The gold chain voted the Admiral by the Naval Council, in August, 1653, remains in the family of his descendants. In the Admiral's will he devised to his son William "my gold chain and medal, with the rest and residue of all my plate," etc. Of his personal appearance, the old seaman Gibson says, in the letter before cited, "Your late honoured father was fair-haired; of a comely round visage; a mild spoken man; no scoffer, nor flatterer; easy of access, so as no man went away from him discontented."

      The Admiral's "letters to his son in Ireland," says Granville Penn, "of which many remain, are almost wholly filled with instructions respecting his estates; yet among these some few passages occur which tend to show his mind and disposition. . . . I have now by me letters he [the son] received from his father in the years 1666, '67, '68, and '69, in all which I find but one passage expressive of offence." This (October 6, 1669) evidently refers to the son's adoption of the views of the Friends and his renunciation of a courtly career.

      The "dying words" of the Admiral are familiar, being quoted by many writers. They come from William Penn the Founder's "No Cross, No Crown," originally written in 1668, while the Bishop of London had him imprisoned in the Tower for his tract, "The Sandy Foundation Shaken," these portions being added in the second edition, published in 1681. They are of permanent interest in this connection, as showing the Admiral's reflections upon reviewing his career. "My father," says the son, "not long before his death, spoke to me in this manner:

      "Son William, I am weary of the world; I would not live over my days again, if I could command them with a wish; for the snares of life are greater than the fear of death. This troubles me, that I have offended a gracious God, that hath followed me to this day. Oh, have a care of sin; that is the sting both of life and of death. Three things I commend unto you: First, let nothing in this world tempt you to wrong your conscience; so you will keep peace at home, which will be a feast to you in a day of trouble. Secondly, whatever you design to do, lay it justly, and time it seasonably, for that gives security and dispatch. Lastly, be not troubled at disappointments; for, if they may be recovered, do it; if they can't, trouble is vain. If you could not have helped it, be content; there is often peace and profit in submitting to Providence, for afflictions make wise. If you could have helped it, let not your trouble exceed your instruction for another time. These rules will carry you, with firmness and comfort, through this uncertain world. . . .

      "Wearied to live, as well as near to die, he took his leave of us; and of me, with this expression, and a most composed countenance: 'Son William, if you and your friends keep to your plain way of preaching, and keep to your plain way of living, you will make an end of the priests to the end of the world. Bury me by my mother: live all in love; shun all manner of evil; and I pray God to bless you all, and he will bless you.'" . . .

      SUMMARY: ADMIRAL PENN.

      SIR WILLIAM PENN, KNIGHT, son of Captain Giles and Joan Penn, born at Bristol; baptized in the Church of St. Thomas the Apostle April 23, 1621; married, 1643-44, Margaret, daughter of John Jasper, of Rotterdam. He died September 16, 1670, at Wanstead, Essex, and was buried September 30, at St. Mary's Redcliffe, Bristol. His wife, born (?); died 1681-82, and was buried March 4 of that year in the church at Walthamstow, Essex. Their issue:

      1. WILLIAM PENN, Founder of Pennsylvania.

      2. Margaret, born (?); married, February 14, 1666-67, Anthony Lowther, of Maske, Yorkshire, and left issue, a son (and perhaps others) William, created a baronet in 1697. Margaret died 1718, and was buried at Walthamstow. Her husband died 1692, and was buried at Walthamstow, where there is a "monument" to him. (In a letter, 9th of Third month (May), 1720, to Rebecca Blackfan, at Pennsbury, Pennsylvania, Hannah Penn said, " My cousin John Lowther is married, has one child, a daughter, and lives at Mask, as yet. My cousin Sir Thomas, the heir of Sir William, is just returned from his travels in France and Flanders. He went out a very promising hopeful young man, and I greatly hope is not worsted but improved by his journey." It was this Sir Thomas Lowther, Bart., who married Lady Elizabeth Cavendish. . . .)

      3. Richard, born (?); died without issue 1673. Extract from Walthamstow parish register: "Richard Penn, gent., second son of Sir William Penn, Knight, from Rickmersworth, buried Ap'l 9, 1673."

      (3) Hogg, Oliver Frederick Gillilan, Further Light on the Ancestry of William Penn, London, England: Society of Genealogists, 1992, pp. 32-36:

      WILLIAM PENN, the younger son of Giles, became a great sea captain, an Admiral and a General of the Sea. His doings are a matter of history and are so well known that it is not even proposed to outline his naval activities. Those who are interested can study his record in his great grandson's well-known work Memorials of the Professional Life and Times of Sir William Penn, Knight by Granville Penn, published by S. Duncan, London in 1833.

      Suffice it to say that he was born, as before stated, in Bristol in 1621. He was baptized in St Thomas's church in that city on 23rd April 1621. He obtained very quick promotion in the Royal Navy and in 1643 married a young Dutch widow, Margaret van der Schure, daughter of Johann Jasper, a merchant of Rotterdam. Samuel Pepys in his diary often refers to this lady as "that old Dutchwoman". William Penn who was now a naval captain left Bristol and moved to London where he established his household on Tower Hill in the parish of St Catherine. Here on 14th October 1644 his first-born, known to the world as William Penn, the Quaker and Founder of Pennsylvania, was born. Captain Penn was a sailor who took little interest in politics. Whatever the government, a monarchy or a protectorate, he was prepared to serve his country at sea. He was in the navy under Charles I, amassed a fortune under Cromwell and reached the pinnacle of his fame under Charles II who knighted him on 9th June 1660 and made him Admiral of his navy. He was also promised by that king a house in Navy Gardens, London, and a handsome income. Cromwell had earlier bestowed on him a large property at Macroom in Ireland confiscated in the Irish rebellion from Macarthy, Lord Muskerry. We can therefore visualize Admiral Penn as a sort of nautical "Vicar of Bray". At the Restoration, Lord Muskerry came into favour with Charles II and somewhat naturally wanted his lands at Macroom restored to him. To save unpleasantness the king asked Sir William Penn to surrender his Irish estate and in return accept another property. To this the Admiral assented and in exchange he received Shanagarry Castle, Co Cork.

      The Admiral and his wife had three children. Besides the eldest he had another son, Richard, who died unmarried in April 1673 and a daughter Margaret, who married on 14th February 1667 Anthony Lowther of Mask, Co York. The latter died in 1692 and his wife followed him to the grave in 1718.

      Admiral Sir William Penn had a brilliant career but it was clouded before the end. He fell from grace after years at sea and was at one time lodged as a prisoner in the Tower. He quarrelled violently with his firstborn over his close association with the society of Friends and he suffered increasingly from gout. His elder son's behaviour was a sore trial to the old seaman brought up, as he was, in the strict traditions of his class but a reconciliation took place before his death. After retirement he settled at Wanstead where he died on 10th September 1670 aged forty-nine years, a comparatively young man by modern standards though worn out by strenuous service and ill-health.

      He was buried at Bristol on 3rd October 1670 where a magnificent monument was erected to his memory in St Mary Redctiffe by his widow (who died in 1682) assisted by his son and heir, William, who is generally supposed to have been mainly responsible for the inscription which reads as follows:

      ["]To the just memory of Sr Wllm Penn, Kt, and sometimes Generall; Borne at Bristoll, An 1621

      ["]Son of Captain Giles Penn, severall yeares Consul for ye English in ye Mediterranean; of the Penns of Penns Lodge in ye County of Wilts, and those Penns of Penn in ye C. of Bucks; and by his Mother from the Gilberts in ye County of Somerset, Originally from Yorkshire: Addicted from his Youth to Maritime Affaires; he was made Captain at the yeares of 21; Rear-Admiral of Ireland at 23; Vice-Admiral of Ireland at 25; Admiral to the Streights at 29; Vice-Admiral of England at 31, and General in the first Dutch Warres at 32. Whence retiring in Ao 1655 he was chosen a Parliament man for the Town of Weymouth, 1660; made Commissioner of the Admiralty and Navy; Governor of the Town and Fort of King-sail; Vice-Admiral of Munster, and a Member of that Provincial Counseil; and in Anno 1664 was chosen Great Captain Commander under his Royall Highnesse in yt Signall and most evidently successful fight against the Dutch fleet. Thus He took leave of the Sea, his old Element; But continued still his other employs till 1669; at what time, through Bodely Infirmities (contracted by ye Care and fatigue of Publique Affairs) He withdrew Prepared and made for his End; and with a gentle and Even Gale, in much peace, arrived and anchored in his Last and Best Port, at Wanstead in ye County of Essex 16 Sept. 1670, Being then but 49 and 4 months old. To whose Name and merit his surviving Lady hath erected this remembrance.["]

      This inscription on its marble shield is surmounted by a coat-of-arms Arg., in chief a crescent, on a fesse sa., 3 plates, a crest, his armour, his gauntlets, his spurs and various pennants.

      It is a fine monument to a gallant seaman, but from the armorial and genealogical points of view it is a carven lie.

      The arms of the Perms of Penn, Co Bucks, were Arg., on a fesse sa., 3 plates and those portrayed over the Admiral's memorial are Arg., in chief a crescent, on a fesse sa., 3 plates. The addition of a crescent on a coat-of-arms, known as a difference, denotes either:

      1. The second son of the owner of the coat, or,

      2. A member of a proved cadet branch of the family owning the coat.

      The Admiral was not a second son of any Penn of Penn as his father was Giles Penn, his grandfather William Penn of Malmesbury, his great grandfather William Penn of Minety who died 12th March 1591/92 and his great great grandfather John Penne of Minety who paid taxes in that village in 1522, Therefore, if the aims over the Admiral's memorial be correct, it must be because he represented a collateral branch of the Buckinghamshire family and his entitlement to these arms rests on this fact. There is, however, no proof of this. The only possibility of fitting John Penne of Minety c 1522 into the pedigree of the Penns of Penn, Co Bucks, is to assume that David Penn of Penn . . . , the son of John Penn of Penn and Elizabeth Hawley had a younger brother, John, who moved to Minety in Gloucestershire. This assumption, however, is untenable because no such brother is shown in the pedigree of the Penns of Penn attested at the Herald's Visitation of Buckinghamshire in the 17th century. The college of Arms has affirmed for the last 300 years that no proof of such a blood kinship exists and that is why the Admiral and his family are shown in their records as "non-armigerous". Thus no connection could be proved in the 17th century, none was available in 1833 when Granville Penn published his Memorials and none are discoverable today. This short study has tended to indicate that the probability of consanguinity between these two families of Penn is less feasible in this day and age than it might have seemed 130 years ago. On the evidence available, therefore, it must be conjectured that ties of blood did not exist. Had they done so, the fact would have been known 300 years ago when families were fewer and far less scattered than at present.

      There are three books of Grants of Arms covering the period 1637-1687. Admittedly these are far from complete, but they contain no mention of Sir William Penn. However, in the printed edition of Le Neve's Pedigrees of the Knights made by Charles II compiled from records in the College of Arms and personal enquiry there is a list of things which Le Neve, intended to query and follow up and this includes "Penne of _____, Will Penne, quaker". This reinforces the fact that there was no grant of arms to Sir William Penn recorded at the College, though from the following quotation it seems clear that the Admiral did pay the fees for registering his knighthood. "The catalogue I have transcribed from the entrys thereof in the Heralds' Office, London, which are transmitted to them when their fees are paid to the receivors includes Sr William Penne of _____, one of the Com'issioners of the Admiralty and Navy, kted at Whitehall 9 June 1660."

      Why Admiral Sir William Penn did not receive a grant of arms is a mystery, but without definite proof of consanguinity the heralds in the 17th century would not have accorded the Admiral the coat of the Penns of Penn even with the difference of a crescent. It seems clear, therefore beyond any reasonable doubt that Sir William Penn just assumed the arms of the Buckinghamshire Penns without authority. Although the Admiral was the second son of Giles Penn (who did not bear arms), his elder brother, George, died without issue in 1664, six years before Sir William's decease. As the Penn arms differenced with a crescent were placed over the Admiral's memorial, it would appear that in this case the crescent did not denote a second son. It must thus represent a cadet branch of the Penns of Penn, a representation to which Sir William was not entitled. An act, as before stated, of heraldic piracy.

      Sir William Penn had no family connection with the Penns of Penn, Co Bucks, though he probably knew them, nor had he a direct ancestor who lived at Penn's Lodge, Co Wilts. If such a house were in existence at the time, and this is doubtful, the only member of his family who could possibly have resided there would have been his uncle, George Penn (Preservator, Keeper and Officer of Braydon forest), and this is problematical to say the least of it. All that is certain is that this uncle did for a time live in the same parish.

      In face of this, what are we to believe?

      Was William Penn, the Founder, a snob or just an ignoramus?

      This new assessment of the situation is bound to have repercussions. A doctrine which has been accepted as truth for three centuries is not lightly cast aside.

      The Admiral's memorial in St Mary Redcliffe, Bristol, seen today high up on the church wall, is not in its original position; it was moved about 100 years ago. Originally, it was mounted on two columns near the chancel. The shield was placed close to the floor of the church on a column near Sir William's tomb whilst the other insignia were arranged somewhat differently on a near-by column. The inscription was thus much easier to read in its first position, as a copy of an old print included in this memoir shows.

      (4) The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, England <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk>:

      Description: Will of Sir William Penne or Penn of London
      Date [proved]: 06 October 1670
      Catalogue reference: PROB 11/334
      Dept: Records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury
      Series: Prerogative Court of Canterbury and related Probate Jurisdictions: Will Registers
      Piece: Name of Register: Penn Quire Numbers: 129 - 184
      Image contains: 1 will of many for the catalogue reference

      (5) Hogg, Oliver Frederick Gillilan, Further Light on the Ancestry of William Penn, London, England: Society of Genealogists, 1992, pp. 39-41:

      THE WILL OF ADMIRAL SIR WILLIAM PENN

      In the name of God Amen I Sir William Penn of London knight being of perfect minde and memorie doe make this my last will and Testament this twentieth day of January in the yeare of our Lord God one thousand six hundred and sixtie and Nyne And in the one and twentieth yeare of the reign of our Sovereigne Charles the Second by the Grace of God of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland King Defender of the ffaith etc in manner following And first I doe hereby revoke admiss and make voyde all and every former and other last Will and Testament devise and devises bequest and bequests by me heretofore at any tyme made or published My soul I humbly recomend into the merciful hands of my own Beloved Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ beseeching him that through his merritts I may be made partaker of Life Eternal My body I commit to the Grave to be buried in the Parish church of Redcliffe within the Citty of Bristoll as near unto the body of my deare Mother deceased whose body lyes there interned as the same conveniently may be And my will is that there shall be erected In the said Church as near unto the place where my body shall bee buried as the same can be contrived A Hansome and Decent Tombe to remain as a Monument as well for my said Mother as for my Self the charges thereof To be defrayed by my Executor hereinafter named out of my personal estate I doe hereby devise the same as followeth And first I doe will and devise unto my deare Wife Margaret Penn to be paid unto her imediately after my decease the summe of Three hundred pounds sterling together with all my jewells other than What I shall hereinafter particularly devise And I doe also give and bequeath unto my said Deare Wife the use and occupation during her life of one full moyety of all my Plate and household stuffes and likewise all Coaches and Coach-horses or Coach-mares and all such Cowes I shall happen to Have at the tyme of my decease. Item I doe will and bequeath unto my younger sonne Richard Penn the summe of four thousand pounds sterling together with my Favritt Dyamond Ring and all my Swords Gunns and Pistolles The said four thousand pounds so bequeathed unto my said sonne Richard to be paid and payeable unto him so soone as He shall arrive at the Age of one and twenty yeares and not sooner And my Will is that in the meantyme And untill Richard shall arrive at the said Age of one and twenty yeares my Executor hereinafter named shall pay unto my said sonne Richard out of my personall estate the yearly summe of one hundred and Twenty pounds which I hereby devise unto him for his support and maintenance until He shall attain the Age of one and twenty yeares and no longer Item I doe will and devise unto my Deare Grand-daughter Margarett Lowther the summe of one hundred pounds sterling unto my Two Nephews James Bradshaw and William Markham to each of them tenn pounds sterling Unto my two Nephewes John Bradshaw and George Markham to each of them five pounds sterling unto my Cosin William Penn son of George Penn late of the fforest of Brayden in the County of Wilts gent Deceased The summe of tenn pounds sterling unto my Cosin Elianore Keene The yearly summe of six pounds sterling to be paid unto her yearly during her life by my Executor out of my personall estate by quarterly payments at the four most usual! quarterly feasts or quarterly days of payment in the yeare Item I will and bequeath unto my late Servant William Bradshaw forty shillings to buy him a Ring unto my servant John Wrenn five pounds sterling unto the Poor of the Parish of Redcliffe aforesaid in the Citty of Bristoll aforesaid twenty pounds sterling And unto the Poor of the parish of St Thomas in the same Citty of Bristoll twenty pounds sterling I doe also Will and Devise to my eldest Sonne William Penn my Gold Chain and Medall with the rest and residue of all and Singular my Plate household stuffe Goods Chattels and personall estate not hereinbefore devised as alsoe the said Goods Promised and devised to be used By my said deare wife during her life from and after the decease of my said wife And I do hereby constitute Declare nominate and appointe my said Sonn William Sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament and doe hereby appointe at my ffunerall to give mourning unto my said Deare Wife my said sonne Richard my Daughter Margaret Lowther And my sonne in lave Anthony Lowther the husband of my said Daughter and unto Doctor Whister and his wife and unto such of my servants as my said Deare Wife shall for that purpose nominate the said mourning to be paid for out of my personall estate hereby devised unto my said Executor And though I cannot apprehend that any difference may fall out or happen Betweene my said Deare Wife and my said sonn William after my decease in regard to anything by me devised or submitted by this my will in Relation to any other matter or thing Whatsoever yet in Case any such differences should arise I doe hereby request and desire and in my right require conjoin and Direct my said Dear Wife and my said sonne William by all the Obligations of Duty affection and respect Which they have and ought to have for me and my memory That all Such Differences of what nature or kinde soever they shall bee by the joynt Consents and submission of my said Deare Wife and my said sonne William bee at all tymes and from tyme to tyme referred to the deliberation and finall judgment and Determination of my worthy ffriende Sr William Coventry of the parish of St Martin in the ffields in the County of Middlesex whom I doe hereby instruct to take uppon himself the determination of all and every such difference and differences as shall from tyme to tyme or at any tyme after my decease shall be referred unto him Awards and determinations by my said Deare wife and my said sonn William Penn for the totall prevention of all suites in Lawe or equity which upon any occasion or misunderstanding might otherwise happen betweene them In Wittnesse whereof I have unto this my last will and Testament sett my hand and seale this day and yeare first above written and doe publish and Declare this to be my last will and. Testament in the presence of those whose names are subscribed as wittnesses hereunto.

      W. Penn

      Signed sealed declared and Published after these words viz the use and occupation during her life of Betweene the seaventh and eight lines And these words viz as alsoe the said Goods and premises devised to be used by my said deare wife during her life from and after the decease of my said wife betweene the seaventeenth and eighteenth lines were intersigned in the presence of R. Langhorn John Radford William Markham

      Probatum fuit etc.

      Proved 6th October 1670
    Person ID I18498  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 19 Nov 2020 

    Father Capt. Giles PENN,   b. Abt 1573,   d. Bef 1656  (Age ~ 82 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Joan GILBEART 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 5 Nov 1600  St. Mary Redcliffe, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F8268  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Margaret JASPER,   d. Bef 4 Mar 1682 
    Married 6 Jan 1644  St. Martin Ludgate, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Richard PENN,   b. Abt 1648,   d. Bef 9 Apr 1673  (Age ~ 25 years)  [natural]
     2. Margaret PENN,   b. Abt 1645,   d. 5 Dec 1718  (Age ~ 73 years)  [natural]
     3. Founder of PA William PENN,   b. 14 Oct 1644, St. Katherine by the Tower, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jul 1718, Ruscombe, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 19 Nov 2020 
    Family ID F8265  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart