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Isaac ALLERTON, Sr.

Male Abt 1586 - 1659


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  • Name Isaac ALLERTON 
    Suffix Sr. 
    Died Between 1 and 12 Feb 1659  New Haven, New Haven County, CT Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Born Abt 1586 
    Gender Male 
    Immigration 1620  Plymouth, Plymouth County, MA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • (1) Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-33 [database online], Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000:

      ISAAC ALLERTON

      ORIGIN: Leiden, Holland

      MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower

      FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth

      REMOVES: Marblehead, New Amsterdam, New Haven

      RETURN TRIPS: Frequent trips to England, especially in the 1620s and 1630s, on personal and colony business

      OCCUPATION: Merchant

      CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: "Mr. Alderton" admitted to Salem church 21 March 1646/7. . . . Isaac Allerton and his wife were assigned pews in New Haven meeting house, 10 March 1646/7. . . . (The Salem record may refer to a different man, as the records come so close together, and Allerton had not lived at Marblehead for some time.)

      FREEMAN: In "1633" Plymouth list of freemen, immediately after Councillors, and well before those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 . . . ; in Plymouth list of 7 March 1636/7. . . .

      EDUCATION: Although there is no direct evidence of Isaac Allerton's education, and nothing written in his own hand, he must have been well-educated to engage in business, political and diplomatic activities as extensively as he did.

      OFFICES: In early 1621, after the death of John Carver, William Bradford was chosen Governor, and "Isaac Allerton was chosen to be an assistant unto him who, by renewed election every year, continued sundry years together". . . . Chosen Assistant, 1 January 1633/4. . . .

      ESTATE: In the 1623 Plymouth land division "Mr. Isaak Alerton" received seven acres. . . . In the 1627 Plymouth cattle division Mr. Isaac Allerton, his wife Feare Allerton, Bartholomew Allerton, Remember Allerton, Mary Allerton and Sarah Allerton were the first six persons in the second company. . . .

      Assessed ??3 11s. in Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633 and ??1 16s. in list of 27 March 1634. . . .

      Assigned mowing ground for year, 1 July 1633. . . .

      On 6 May 1635 the Massachusetts Bay General Court noted that "Mr. Ollerton hath given to Moses Maveracke, his son-in-law, all his houses, buildings, & stages, that he hath at Marble Head, to enjoy to him & his heirs forever". . . .

      On 27 October 1646 "Isacke Allerton" of New Amsterdam in the province of New Netherlands, merchant, confirmed to son-in-law Thomas Cushman of New Plymouth a debt of one hundred pounds owed to Isaac by John Coombe. . . .

      In his "will," undated and proved 19 October 1659, "Isaac Alerton, late of New Haven, deceased," devoted most of the space to a list of debts owing to him, and then ordered "my son Isaac Allerton and my wife, as trustees to receive in my debts, & to pay what I owe, as far as it will go & what is overplus I leave to my wife and my son Isaac, as far as they receive the debts to pay what I owe." The inventory, taken 12 February 1658/9, totalled ??118 5s. 2d., and included "the dwelling house, orchard & barn with two acres of meadow," ??75. . . .

      BIRTH: About 1586 (deposed 26 September 1639 aged about 53. . . .).

      DEATH: New Haven between 1 February 1658/9 (court appearance) and 12 February 1658/9 (date of inventory).

      MARRIAGE: (1) At Leiden 4 November 1611 [New Style] Mary Norris "single woman from Newbury in England" . . . ; died Plymouth 25 February 1620/1. . . .

      (2) At Plymouth between 1623 and 1627 Fear Brewster, daughter of WILLIAM BREWSTER; she died not long before 12 December 1634, presumably at Plymouth. . . .

      (3) By 1644 Joanna Swinnerton, probably the "Mrs. Swinnerton" who received a grant of land at New Haven on 17 March 1640/1. . . .

      CHILDREN:

      With first wife

      i BARTHOLOMEW, b. say 1613; he returned to England, became minister at "Bamfield," Suffolk; m. (1) Margaret ____; m. (2) Sarah, dau. of Benjamin Fairfax; and had at least four children. . . .

      ii REMEMBER, b. say 1615; m. by 6 May 1635 Moses Maverick . . . , son of Rev. JOHN MAVERICK. . . .

      iii MARY, b. say 1617; m. by about 1636 Thomas Cushman, son of ROBERT CUSHMAN . . . ; a late annotation to Bradford's 1651 list noted that "Mary Cushman the daughter of Mr. Allerton" was still alive in 1690 . . . ; she d. Plymouth 28 November 1699 . . . , the last of the Mayflower passengers to die.

      iv Child, bur. St. Peter's, Leiden, 5 February 1620 [NS]. . . .

      v Son, stillborn aboard the Mayflower 22 December 1620 in Plymouth Harbor. . . .

      With second wife

      vi SARAH, b. Plymouth about 1626; no further record. [Note by compiler: According to Underhill, Lora Altine Woodbury, Descendants of Edward Small of New England, Boston, MA & New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin, 1934, Vol. 1, pp. 840-841, Sarah was born to Isaac ALLERTON and his first wife, and was "b. about 1618, at Leyden. Sarah came to New England in the Anne, 1623, with her aunt, Sarah Cuthbertson. It has been stated by many that she became the wife of Moses Maverick; but his first wife is proved to have been her sister Remember, his second wife was Eunice (Cole) Roberts, and he never, at any time, had a wife Sarah. It is probable that Sarah Allerton died before 1651, as Bradford makes no mention of her at that time with the others."]

      vii ISAAC, b. Plymouth say 1630; Harvard 1650 . . . ; m. (1) about 1652 Elizabeth _____ [NEHGR 124:83-84 argues that she was a daughter of Joanna Swinnerton, third wife of Isaac's father]; m. (2) Virginia about 1663 Elizabeth (Willoughby) (Overzee) Colclough, dau. of Capt. Thomas Willoughby and widow of Simon Overzee and George Colclough . . . ; all modern authorities agree that the Isaac Allerton born at New Haven in 1655, son of this Isaac Allerton by his first wife, died without issue, and some other origin must be found for the Allertons who appear in New Haven late in the seventeenth century. . . .

      ASSOCIATIONS: Brother of Sarah Allerton, wife successively of John Vincent, DEGORY PRIEST and GODBERT GODBERTSON. On 2 December 1633, as part of the settlement of the estate of Godbert Godbertson, it was noted that "the greater part of his debts are owing to Mr. Isaack Allerton, of Plym., merchant, late brother of the said Zarah". . . .

      COMMENTS: In his list of Mayflower passengers Bradford included "Mr. Isaac Allerton and Mary his wife, with three children, Bartholomew, Remember and Mary. And a servant boy John Hooke". . . . In his 1651 accounting of these families, he reported that "Mr. Allerton his wife died with the first, and his servant John Hooke. His son Bartle is married in England but I know not how many children he hath. His daughter Remember is married at Salem and hath three or four children living. And his daughter Mary is married here and hath four children. Himself married again with the daughter of Mr. Brewster and hath one son living by her, but she is long since dead. And he is married again and hath left this place long ago. So I account his increase to be eight, besides his son's in England". . . .

      Isaac Allerton was one of the busiest and most complicated men in early New England, and no attempt is made here to cover his career comprehensively. A full-scale biography would be needed for that, and an outline of what is available is given in the next section below. Records for Allerton may be found in virtually every colony on the Atlantic seaboard and in the Caribbean, including Newfoundland, New Netherland, New Sweden, Virginia, Barbadoes, and Curacao.

      Although some records of Allerton in New Netherland describe him as "of Suffolk," it is not certain that this refers to his place of origin in England, as some have claimed.

      In noting his various residences above, we do not estimate years of removal, as he seems to have maintained residences simultaneously at more than one location. Also, the attempt made above to describe the estate of Allerton does not come close to showing the magnitude and intricacy of his business activities. No one has yet tried to survey comprehensively this, the major part of Allerton's life.

      Since Moses Maverick, the husband of Remember Allerton, received Isaac Allerton's estate at Marblehead, and Isaac Jr. received his father's estate at New Haven, it is likely that Thomas and Mary (Allerton) Cushman were at some time given Allerton's property at Plymouth (assuming that there was more at Plymouth than the debt assigned by Allerton to Cushman in 1646. . . .).

      BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: The descendants of Isaac Allerton were treated extensively by Walter S. Allerton about a century ago, but this account is now obsolete [A History of the Allerton Family in the United States, 1585 to 1885 . . . (New York 1888, rev. 1900)].

      More recently Lora Underhill published an extremely detailed account of Isaac Allerton and his children. . . . Although this version of the life of Isaac Allerton has been shown to have errors, and although many new discoveries have been made, it has great value because it attempts to cite every record in which Allerton ever appeared (as available in 1934), and prints many of the records in full.

      Much of the modern research on Allerton has been carried out by Newman Hall, presented in a series of periodical articles. . . . More recently Robert S. Wakefield has prepared the four-generation "genealogy in progress" published by the General Society of Mayflower Descendants. . . .

      For a different interpretation of the character of Isaac Allerton, see Michael McGiffert, "Religion and Profit Do Jump Together: The First American Pilgrim," Reflections 87:15-23 (a publication of Yale Divinity School).
    Person ID I17726  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 27 Jul 2021 

    Family 1 Mary NORRIS,   d. 25 Feb 1621, Plymouth, Plymouth County, MA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 4 Nov 1611  Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Nederland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Rev. Bartholomew ALLERTON,   b. Abt 1613, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Nederland Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Remember ALLERTON,   b. Abt 1615, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Nederland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 12 Sep 1652 and 22 Oct 1656, Marblehead, Essex County, MA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 37 years)
     3. Mary ALLERTON,   b. Abt 1617, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Nederland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Nov 1699, Plymouth, Plymouth County, MA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 82 years)
     4. --- ALLERTON,   b. 22 Dec 1620, Plymouth, Plymouth County, MA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Dec 1620, Plymouth, Plymouth County, MA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     5. --- ALLERTON,   d. Abt 5 Feb 1620, Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Nederland Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 27 Jul 2021 
    Family ID F7925  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Fear BREWSTER,   d. Bef 12 Dec 1634, Plymouth, Plymouth County, MA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Between 1623 and 1627  Plymouth, Plymouth County, MA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Sarah ALLERTON,   b. Abt 1626, Plymouth, Plymouth County, MA Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Col. Isaac ALLERTON, Jr.,   b. Abt 1630, Plymouth, Plymouth County, MA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 30 Dec 1702, Westmoreland County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 72 years)
    Last Modified 27 Jul 2021 
    Family ID F7926  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Joanna SWINNERTON 
    Married Bef 1644 
    Last Modified 27 Jul 2021 
    Family ID F7927  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart