First Name:  Last Name: 
[Advanced Search]  [Surnames]

Giles CHAPMAN

Male 1702 - 1789  (87 years)


Personal Information    |    PDF

  • Name Giles CHAPMAN 
    Born 4 Jan 1702  Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    AFN GNH9-JD 
    History Member of the "70 Families" Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died Dec 1789  Newberry County, SC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • (1) O'Neall, John Belton, The Annals of Newberry, Newberry, SC: Aull & Houseal, 1892, pp. 598-599:

      AN OLD FAMILY BIBLE.

      The Bible belonging to the Chapman family, the family of the compiler of these Annals, was printed in the year 1613, and is at the present time, 1892, two hundred and seventy-nine years old, and, as I have been informed, is in a good state of preservation without a leaf missing.

      It appears from the Family Record in it that it belonged in 1664 to Thomas Anderson, of Bridlington, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. Thomas Anderson died on the 5th of May, 1683, being the father of three daughters and one son. His daughter, Elizabeth, born 3d of April, 1673, was married to Marmaduke Jackson, on the 14th of February, 1707, at Bridlington. These seem to have had but two children, Nathaniel Jackson, born 20th of April, 1708, and Sarah Jackson, born 27th of December, 1710. Sarah Jackson became the wife of Giles Chapman, who was born January 4th, 1702. These were the parents of six children, Elizabeth, Samuel, Rachel, Joseph, Sarah, Giles?the eldest born January 28th, 1734: the youngest, Giles, June 21st, 1748. This Giles Chapman afterwards became the Rev. Giles Chapman, the grandfather of this writer. He married Mary Summers on the 14th of September, 1775. These were the parents of eleven children, the eldest of whom, Joseph, was born September 23d, 1776, and the youngest, Lewis, was born March 11th, 1800. He died April 13th, 1860. Lewis married Rhoda O'Neall, who was born April 29th, 1802. She is still living, at Appleton City, Missouri, with her son James K. P. Chapman, to whom the old Family Bible now belongs, and who gave me the foregoing information.

      It does not appear at what time my great-grandfather, Giles Chapman, left Bridlington, England, and came to Virginia; nor when he left Virginia and came to Newberry, but on "immigrating to this State, first located himself for a season, at the place of our town." He lies buried, if I mistake not, in an old burying ground, two miles east of Newberry, known as the Chapman Graveyard, on a place now belonging to Mr. J. A. Crotwell.

      The first edition of the English version, King James', of the Bible now in use, was printed in 1611, only two years before the one of which I have here made record, and I think it doubtful whether there is a Family Bible of King James' version now in the United States older than this.

      (2) Chapman, Jesse Pugh, Jr., Giles Chapman of Bridlington and his Descendants, Asheville, NC: 1976, pp. v-viii:

      Certainly the first information we have concerning a member of our Chapman line begins in Yorkshire. Sarah Jackson, a Quaker of Bridlington, Yorkshire, married Giles Chapman in 1728. Records in the family Bible show that Giles was born in 1702, but do not give the city of birth. Since Bridlington is only a few miles down the coast from Whitby, it is entirely possible that he may be related to the Chapmans of Whitby. However, a search of the parish records and records of dissenters churches for Bridlington and surrounding parishes in Yorkshire fail to disclose a record of his birth. While G. L. Summer states that Giles Chapman was a native of Wales, we have been unable to find documentary evidence of this fact. A Giles Chapman is listed in London parish records, but the dates of his life do not correspond.

      Although this is a record of Giles Chapman and his descendants, it is important, we believe, to go back as far as we have records concerning the ancestry of this family. William Anderson was a land-holder in Bridlington in 1636. He had two sons, William and Thomas. The late Reverend J. S. Purvis, formerly Archivist of the York Diocese, has written: "It is shown beyond doubt by the records of the York Diocesan Registry that this Thomas Anderson had a wife Elizabeth and that they were both Dissenters. Thomas is entered as early as 1667 as refusing to pay his assessment or attend church; and he and his wife Elizabeth are entered together for the same offense from 1673 through 1680. Elizabeth alone is entered in 1683, suggesting that Thomas had died that year. Since neither name is entered thereafter it is assumed that both had died. The evidence that Thomas Anderson had become a Dissenter of some sort by 1667 reduces the chance that his children were baptised, married, or buried at the parish church."

      A study of later records does reveal, however, that his daughter Elizabeth Anderson was baptised in the parish church in 1675.

      From the Yorkshire Quarterly Meeting of the Society of Friends, we find that Thomas Anderson was not only a Dissenter, but a Quaker. These records further show that he was married to Elizabeth Fox of Bonwicke, a town affiliated with the Hull Meeting, on March 10, 1671. The records further show that he died on May 6, 1683.

      In The Annals of Newberry, John Abney Chapman describes on page 598 an Ancient Family Bible. The Bible, a King James or Authorized Version, was printed in 1613, only two years after the first edition, by the same printer of the original edition, Robert Barker of London. In it are written these words: "THOMAS ANDERSON IS THE OWNER OF THIS BOOKE 1664". Further family records written in this Bible give a record up to 1840, and through it we can trace the family line through Thomas and Elizabeth Fox Anderson to Elizabeth Anderson, who married Marmaduke Jackson and became the mother of Sarah Jackson. Sarah Jackson, as we stated earlier, became the wife of Giles Chapman.

      It is thrilling to know that there is in existence today and in fairly good condition this Chapman Family Bible which is now over three hundred and sixty years old. One can only imagine the stories it could tell of the persecution of the Quakers in England, the voyage to America in the hold of a wooden sailing ship, and the journeys overland through undeveloped country to Virginia and then to South Carolina. From Newberry, the Bible traveled with Lewis and Rhoda Chapman to Indiana, and with their descendants through Illinois to Missouri. When located in 1973, it was in Pueblo, Colorado.

      In the middle seventeenth century, the followers of George Fox in England banded themselves together as the Society of Friends and were given the derisive name "Quaker" by their enemies. History has accorded them a special place among those who adhered to their beliefs in spite of oppression, and their life in England was never easy. When Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660, Church and State united in oppressing them; and their persecutions were not significantly diminished until after the Toleration Act of 1689. Until this Act was passed, Quakers were not permitted to hold public office or to enter any profession. The doors of Oxford and Cambridge remained closed to them until 1871.

      As a result of these constrictions, Quakers were forced to seek vocations in industry and commerce, and many became leaders in the field of banking. Although a few Quakers attained financial success in England, it is small wonder that the prospects of a new life in a new world were a great attraction to most of them.

      In 1790, Alexander Ross and Morgan Bryan and a few other Friends were given permission to begin negotiation for the purchase of 100,000 acres in Virginia, located along the Opeckan (Opequon) River and thereabouts. The grant was finally obtained in 1732, but it was not until 1734 that enough Quaker settlers had moved into the vicinity to establish a Meeting. In that year, the Opeckan (Hopewell) Meeting for Worship was established in Frederick County; and in 1735 the Hopewell Monthly Meeting was established, its place of meeting being located some five miles north of Winchester, Virginia, and the Harper's Ferry Railroad. Among the founders of the Hopewell Meeting were Giles and Sarah Chapman.

      On the 12th of November, 1735, Giles and Sarah Jackson Chapman received patents to 400 acres of land on Yorkshireman's Branch in Frederick County, Virginia. We can only try to calculate the probable date they left England. Sarah's mother had died in 1733. Giles and Sarah's first child, Elizabeth Chapman, was born January 28, 1734. When Sarah's father, Marmaduke Jackson, died in 1735, he stipulated that the Family Bible should pass to his grand-daughter Elizabeth at her mother's death. (As a matter of fact, this request was not fulfilled). Since the Bible came to America with the family, we can deduce that either Marmaduke Jackson and the Chapmans were in America prior to April 22, 1735 (the date of his death), or that they waited until later to leave England. Certainly they could not have left England after the birth of their son Samuel in September, 1735, and made the voyage to America, then traveled by wagon train from Philadelphia to Virginia and arrive there two months later. This fact suggests that they did indeed leave England in 1734, bringing Marmaduke Jackson with them to America. In all probability, their ship brought them to Philadelphia, which was not only the largest port of entry but was also cordial to Quakers. Apparently they were among the Quakers temporarily attached to the Chester Quarterly Meeting at Concord, Pennsylvania, before traveling with a large band led by Alexander Ross to Virginia.

      In 1733, a wagon road had been completed linking Philadelphia with Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Later, it was extended to York and crossed the Susquehanna River at Wright's Ferry. From York, the settlers cut a pathway southward, perhaps crossing the Potomac River at Harper's Ferry, then followed a trail down the Shenandoah Valley which eventually terminated in the Carolina Piedmont. In 1734, the land of the Shenandoah Valley was still wild and uncultivated. Settlers had to make clearings in the forest before they could build their houses and barns of the felled logs. Even so, more than 7500 people had crossed over Cumberland Gap before it had been made wide enough for a wagon to pass. When the wagons did come, they were either ox-carts or four-wheeled wagons. So scarce were materials that the horses wore rope harness, rope traces, and straw collars, and were guided with rope lines.

      Giles and Sarah Chapman were not destined to remain in Frederick County, Virginia, for long. The unrest which had developed among the Quakers of Hopewell Meeting can be attributed to several factors. For one thing, the colony of Friends had grown so rapidly that a decision was made to divide the Meeting. In addition, the Virginia government was showing signs of wanting to be rid of the Quakers - a fact which probably encouraged many of them to seek new homesteads. By August, 1744, when Sarah and Giles Chapman had disposed of all their holdings in Frederick County, they had acquired two daughters (Rachel and Sarah) and son Joseph.

      The Quakers kept excellent church records, and, as a general rule, the vital statistics of Quakers can be found in their records. Unfortunately, the records of the earlier years of the Hopewell Monthly Meeting were destroyed by fire, so we have no documentation in them of these births, deaths, marriages, or transfers to other Meetings. We do know that a man named Giles Chapman and another named Samuel Chapman are listed in the tax rolls of Orange County, North Carolina, for the year 1755. (Our Samuel would have been twenty years old at that time) Holsinger states, in History of the Tunkers, that Giles Chapman was in a party led by Elder Daniel Letterman and Cooper Rowland which immigrated to the Carolinas in 1760. From these records, we cannot state definitely where William Chapman was born in 1746 or Giles in 1748. O'Neall, in the Annals of Newberry, states that Giles Chapman was a native of Virginia.

      Records of the land settlement accorded Giles and Sarah Chapman when they settled in Newberry County, South Carolina between 1760-62 suggest that they had three sons and three daughters in the home at that time. Each settler and his wife received 100 acres of land plus 50 additional acres for each child. Since their son Samuel was twenty-five years old by that time, he would have been entitled to his own portion of land as an adult male.

      When the Chapmans did come to South Carolina (about 1760), they settled in the Newberry section of what was then the Ninety-Six District. Their land was located along Palmetto Branch, near that settled by the Tunkers (or Dunkards). Patriarch of the Tunkers was Joseph Summers, a man who dressed in the garb of all "plain folk" of that era and wore a long flowing beard. He and his wife had nine children, the youngest of whom was Mary. Young Giles Chapman, then twenty-seven years old and a saddler by trade, fell in love with Mary Summers and married her in 1775. Because of the marriage "out of unity", he was dismissed from the Quaker meeting. Oddly enough, this dismissal did not take place until June 27, 1778, presumably because of the Revolutionary War. This same Giles Chapman became Reverend Giles Chapman, and served as a Chaplain in the Regiment of Philemon Waters, Company of William F Houseal, of the Continental Army. (Stub entry 2481, Lib. X, issued April 21, 1786 for stg duty).

      (3) O'Dell, Cecil, Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia, Marceline, MO: Walsworth Publishing Company, 1995, p. 179:

      CHAPMAN

      On 12 November 1734, Robert Brooke surveyed 400 acres for Giles Chapman, "near the head of a Branche that runs into the Creek over the Short Hills and near the Western End of the Short Hills." This tract is located ¾ miles north of White Hall on Frederick County, Virginia Highway 739, on a branch of Green Springs Run on the west side of Apple Pie Ridge. . . . On 12 November 1735, Giles received a patent from the Colony. He and his wife Sarah sold 150 acres of the tract to Ulrick Ruble on 30 August 1744 for 10 pounds, 2 shillings, 2 pence. . . . On 3 June 1745, Giles sold the remaining 250 acres to James Cromley/Crumley for 60 pounds. Giles Chapman endorsed a lease and release deed which conveyed the 150-acre tract . . . to Willery Rouble in Orange County, Virginia on 20 February 1740.

      (4) Frederick County, Virginia, Hopewell Friends History [database online], Orem, UT: Ancestry.com, 1997:

      In the State Land Office at Richmond are to be found recorded in Book 16, pages 315-415, inclusive, the patents issued to the settlers who came to the Shenandoah Valley under authority of the Orders in Council made to Alexander Ross and Morgan Bryan. All bear date of November 12, 1735, and recite that the grantee is one of the seventy families brought in by them, and excepting location and acreage, are alike in wording and conditions, and are signed by William Gooch, Lieutenant-Governor of the Colony at that time. . . .

      These patents were issued under the seal of the colony and were grants from the Crown, free of any obligation of feudal services to the Fairfax family, who claimed the land as lords proprietors of the Northern Neck of Virginia. The sixth Lord Fairfax, who later established his home at Greenway Court near Winchester, instituted many suits against early settlers in the Shenandoah Valley, but it does not appear that any Friend who claimed under Ross and Bryan was ever ejected from his land.

      Although it is specifically stated that seventy families have been "by them brought in to our said Colony and settled upon the Lands in the said Order mentioned," only thirty-six patents issued to thirty-four grantees have been found. The names of these grantees are here given, together with sundry information gathered from the minutes of various Friends' meetings, from the records of the counties of Orange and Frederick in Virginia, and Chester County, Pennsylvania. . . .

      Giles Chapman, 400 acres joining John Littler and "Beginning near the head of Yorkshireman's Branch." On August 31, 1744, Giles Chapman sold 150 acres of this land to Ulrich Ruble, and on June 3, 1744, Giles Chapman and Sarah his wife sold the remaining 250 acres of this tract to James Cromley. Witnesses to this last-mentioned deed were John Littler, James Carter, John Frost, and W. Rannells.
    Person ID I9730  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2018 

    Family Sarah JACKSON,   b. 27 Feb 1710, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft Dec 1789, Newberry County, SC Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 80 years) 
    Married 24 Jan 1728  Bridlington, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2018 10:22:37 
    Family ID F4704  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart