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Lewis NEILL, Jr.

Male 1747 - 1841  (94 years)


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  • Name Lewis NEILL 
    Suffix Jr. 
    Born 12 Jul 1747  Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 16 Nov 1841 
    Buried Hopewell Meeting Burying Ground, Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 

    • (1) Jolliffe, William, Historical, Genealogical, and Biographical Account of the Jolliffe Family of Virginia, 1652 to 1893, Philadelphia, PA: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1893, pp. 185-188:

      Lewis Neill, third son of Lewis Neill and Lydia Hollingsworth, married Rachel Janney, daughter of Abel and Sarah (Baker) Janney, of Loudoun County, Virginia, May 5, 1774, and by her had two sons, Abel and Joseph, both of whom died young, and five daughters, namely, Lydia, who married John Williams (son of William and Elizabeth, of Loudoun County), May 10, 1804; Sarah, who married William Hunt Brown (son of Isaac and Sarah), December 17, 1801, and died September 9, 18?5; Rebecca, who married William Jolliffe (son of Captain John Jolliffe and Mary Dragoo), September 12, 1799; Ann, who married Mahlon Schofield (son of John and Rachel, of Prince George County, Maryland), March 5, 1807; and Mary Neill, who died a single woman when quite old. By his fathers will he was given a large tract of land in Frederick County, with a flour-mill, which place was known as Swarthmore. George Fox's home, Swarthmore, in England, received its name as follows: "Swarthmore was so called after Swartz Moor, who established a military recruiting camp there, with a German army, 1487, to try wrest the crown from King Henry the Seventh. He was supported by Sir Thomas Broughton." Lewis also received the large farm on which his father resided in Clarke County and a sum of money out of his movable estate.

      Lewis seems to have been a favorite child with his father. He joined the Society of Friends, February 4, 1771, just prior to his marriage, and was ever afterwards known as a strict member. He was an educated business-man, attending to his farms and mills, and acting as executor for his father's estate, his sister's and his brother's, and other relations. He was a surveyor in good practice.

      "The land system of Virginia was early placed under the control of the College authorities of 'William and Mary College,' who appointed all county surveyors, and also the Surveyor-General, who represented the economic interests of the institution and took certain fees for its support. Washington received such an appointment in 1749, his first official appointment. The form of these commissions as a public surveyor was as follows: 'We, the president and professors of the College of William and Mary, do certify his Excellency, the Governor, that we have examined Sam'l Taylor, and, having found him properly qualified, we do nominate him to the office of surveyor of the County of Cumberland.

      "'Given under our hands and the seals of the College this 2nd day of August, 1782.

      "' T. MADISON, President.
      T. MCCLUNG.
      ROBT. ANDREWS.
      CBS. BELLINI.'"

      Such an appointment in the colonial days of Virginia was the equivalent of a degree in "Civil Engineering." (History, College William and Mary.)

      I have in my possession the old surveyor's compass used by Lewis Neill, an instrument beautifully made and in perfect working order. It was made by Goldsmith Chandlee, of Winchester, and contains both his name and that of L. Neill on its face. It is to be transmitted to the eldest male in the family studying or practising engineering.

      Lewis Neill enlarged the old house at Swarthmore by building a large stone addition about the year 1800. The old mill was abandoned because of difficulty with the water during bis lifetime. The little log house once occupied by the miller still stands, and was the residence of Uncle John and Mammie Eliza Allen, colored. While residing at his old home, at Opecquon Creek, he entertained the Fishers and other exiled Friends during the Revolutionary War. This was when he was a young man. In the ninety-fifth year of his age he thus described those times to William Evans, who was on a religious visit to Virginia, in 1841. "He told us that three of the Friends who were banished from Philadelphia in the Revolution were billeted at his house. The trials of that day, he remarked, none could have a conception of except those who witnessed them." Kercheval, who wrote the first "History of the Shenandoah Valley," spent much time at his house gathering information for his work.

      I have in my possession an interesting inventory of clothing, books, etc., left by Dr. Drewett Smith, one of these Friends at his house. This is written out in a remarkably neat, round hand, and signed Lewis Neill. His wife died March 27, 1812, and was buried at Hopewell Graveyard, and he afterwards made his home with his daughter Rebecca and ber family. My sister has in her possession a large silver tablespoon, marked "B. E.," which belonged to a Hessian officer named Barney Eccles. He gave it to Rachel Neill as a token of his gratitude for some kindness he had received from her during the Revolutionary War. What the service was has been lost in the lapse of time, but the spoon has been handed down in the family as a cherished relic of this great-grandmother.

      Lewis was a tall, handsome man, very erect in his carriage even in old age, and his intellect was remarkably clear. He possessed a host of friends. His death occurred November 16, 1841, when be was in his ninety-fifth year. His remains were interred at Hopewell, beside those of his wife.

      (2) O'Dell, Cecil, Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia, Marceline, MO: Walsworth Publishing Company, 1995, p. 235:

      Lewis [Neill] willed 76 acres ("where Lewis Sr. lives") to his son Lewis Neill, including the mill and house. This tract is located on Opequon Creek adjacent west of the northwest corner of the 640-acre survey land. . . . Lewis Sr. received this land on 15 October 1756 from Lord Fairfax. Clarke County, Virginia Highway 645 and 664 run south to north through the tract. Lewis Junior was willed 200 acres of the northwest corner of the 640-acre survey land. His father, Lewis, had received a Fairfax grant for this land on 1 August 1750.. . . The 200 acres is adjacent south of Dry Marsh Run with Clarke County, Virginia Highway 635 on the east while 645 crosses the southwest corner. Lewis Senior purchased 126 acres from Mary Alford on 4 April 1758 for 45 pounds, part of Thomas Helms grant land. He bequeathed this 126 acres, plus another 100 acres from the grant land, to his son Lewis Jr. . . . Clarke County, Virginia Highway 645 crosses this property. Lewis Junior was willed 250 acres of the 300-acre 25 September 1750 Fairfax grant land located adjacent west of the Thomas Helm grant land . . . and adjacent south of the 250-acre Rees Smith place. . . . Clarke County, Virginia Highways 659 and 660 cross this land on the south. Lewis Junior also received the still and all utensils belonging to the still. He was willed two tracts of land with a total of 283 acres, part of John Littler's 1,084-acre patent land. The 283 acres incorporated 200 acres which Lewis Senior bought from Richard Jones on 6 March 1748 for 45 pounds . . . and the 83 acres he purchased from John Jones on 2 May 1757 for 20 pounds.
    Person ID I365  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 19 Sep 2017 

    Father Lewis NEILL, Sr.,   b. 22 Sep 1704, Ireland [now Northern Ireland] Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 5 Mar 1776, Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 71 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Lydia HOLLINGSWORTH,   b. 1718, Cecil County, MD Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. Hopewell Meeting Burying Ground, Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship natural 
    Married Abt 1737  Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F883  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Rachel JANNEY,   d. 27 Mar 1812 
    Married 5 May 1774  Loudoun County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 19 Sep 2017 13:03:58 
    Family ID F4925  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart