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Louis du BOIS

Male 1626 - Abt 1693  (66 years)

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  • Name Louis du BOIS 
    Born 16 Oct 1626  Wicres, la Bass??e, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 13 Nov 1626  Lille, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died Abt Mar 1693  Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 

    • (1) Source: Linda Newhouse .

      (2) Smyth, Samuel Gordon, The Origin and Descent of an American Van Metre Family, Lancaster, PA: Lancaster Press, 1923, pp. 21-26:

      Much has been written about Louis du Bois, and there is yet much to be revealed by investigation concerning the ancestry of this influential forbear of the American Van Metres. From various sources of authority the following lineage has been compiled.

      Monsieur Le Turque, of the Genealogical Institute of Paris, has developed a line of ancestors running back to the days of the Scyrri which includes descent from Charlemagne, Emperor of the West; Alfred the Great; Hugh Capet, King of France, and Henry I., Emperor of Germany. The most important of these lines have been compared and verified; and where the line is broken the cause is attributed to the summary action of Louis XIV.'s minister, Cardinal Mazarin, and Marshall Turenne, who decreed that the names of many of the noble families of France, who espoused and held to the faith of Protestantism, should be erased from the rolls of the nobility and their property confiscated. By the Edict of Nantes, promulgated in 1598, civil and religious liberty was restored and confirmed to the Huguenots, but when Louis XIV. revoked the Edict, thousands of French families fled to England, Germany, Switzerland and Holland. It was during the latter part of this reign of terror that the father of Louis du Bois found shelter in the Palatinate of the Rhine.

      According to this tracing of the family the line begins with Guelph, Prince of the Scyrri, A.D. 476. Azo, Marquis of Liguria, A.D. 1030, a descendant of the Prince in the fourteenth generation, married Marie, a descendant of the powerful house of Este, in Italy. The Estes were of the Actii of Rome who settled in Lombardy about 500 B.C. Guelph, grandson of Azo and Marie, Count of Bavaria and Saxe, A.D. 1107, married Judith, a descendant of Charlemagne. A great grandson of Guelph and Judith, Henry V.,
      Duke of Bavaria and Saxe, A.D. 1195, married Mathilde, a descendant of William the Conqueror, through Henry I. and Henry II. of England. Henry VI., son of the Duke of Bavaria and Saxe and Mathilde, married, A.D. 1200, Agnes, Countess of Palatine, a descendant of Alfred the Great. A descendant of Henry VI. and Agnes, Madame Claude de Lannoy, married Charles du Bois, Seigneur des Querder, who was a descendant of MacQuaire du Bois, Count de Roussey, A.D. 1110.

      The line of descent from Charles du Bois and Claude de Lanpoy is as follows:

      I. Gen.: Eustache, Seigneur des Querder and de Fiennes, married first, Gille de Renel; married second, Jeanne de St. Ol.

      II. Gen.: Gueslain des Fiennes, Count de Clarmont, married Jeanne de Longueville.

      III. Gen.: Marc de Fiennes, Seigneur des Querder, married Madelaine d'Ognies.

      IV. Gen.: Maxamillien de Fiennes, Seigneur des Querder, married Catherine Cecil Germand.

      V. Gen.: Maximillien des Fiennes, married Louise Charlotte d'Etamps.

      VI. Gen.: Charles Maximillien des Fiennes married Henrietta de Reignier de Boisleau.

      VII. Gen.: Chretien Maxamillien des Fiennes, Seigneur de Beaufermez and de Bource, married _____. The record of the erasure of Chretien's marriage and family, that is, the Chretien known to have been the father of Louis du Bois, makes a break in Louis' line of descent. The official record was obviously destroyed because of his Protestantism, and to prevent him - or any of his descendants - from ever after establishing a claim to the title and estates. We are informed that there were not two branches after the resumption of the title of Marquis des Fiennes. We are also advised that Louis was a second son; and that the title and arms of the des Fiennes became extinct with the death of the Marchioness de Poyanne, in 1761.

      VIII. Gen.: Louis du Bois de Fiennes, born October 10, 1626, in La Basse, near Lille, in the province of Artois, France, married, October 10, 1655, at Mannheim, in the Lower Palatinate of, Germany, to Catherine Blanchan, daughter of Mathese and Madelaine [Jorisse] Blanchan, who were co-refugees with the du Bois from French Flanders to Wicres, Artois, France. Louis du Bois died 1695. The du Bois des Fiennes appear to have been of military stock, and to have furnished France with some able soldiers. At least ten of them were in the last crusade. The first Maximillien was "Marischall des camps et du armees du roi"; his son was a Lieutenant-General in the French Legion; and Louis du Bois' father - Chretien, Marquis des Fiennes - Captain of cavalry in his father's regiment.

      The two eldest children of Louis du Bois were born in Mannheim; and in 1660 the family came to America. Upon their arrival here they proceeded to New Village [New Pals] in Ulster Co., N. Y., where Louis rapidly rose to prominence in local civil and religious affairs. He, with two of his sons, were among the "twelve patentees" of New Paltz, receiving the grant from Governor Andross, September 6, 1677. Louis was also a member of the first Court of Sessions held at Kingston, the seat of Ulster County. He led in demanding of the English government, and of the Assembly, that there should be no taxation without the consent of the people, and for this daring attitude he lost his commission. Thus anticipating the crisis of 1776!

      In 1663, Louis du Bois headed an expedition against the Minnisink Indians, and was of the colonial forces against them again in 1670. The first-named punitive expedition of June 7, 1663, was known in New York history as the Eusopus War. It was organized at the time the settlement was attacked by the Minnisinks, who burned Hurley, killed and injured some of the settlers, and carried away as prisoners, the wife of Louis du Bois, his three children, and at least two of Jan Joosten's. These were taken to the fastnesses of the Catskill Mountains and there remained in captivity for months, but were rescued on the eve of torture by du Bois and Captain Martin Kreiger's company of Manhattan soldiers; the trainband finally rounded up the Indians and defeated them on September 3, 1663. In connection with this tragic experience the following statement is quoted: "About ten weeks after the capture of the women and children, the Indians decided to celebrate their own escape from pursuit by burning some of their victims and the ones selected were Catherine du Bois, and her baby Sara, who afterward married her companion in captivity, John Van Metre. A cubical pile of logs was arranged and the mother and child placed thereon; when the Indians were about to apply the torch, Catherine began to sing the 137th Psalm as a death chant. The Indians withheld the fire and gave her respite while they listened; when she had finished they demanded more, and before she had finished the last one her husband and the Dutch soldiers from New Amsterdam arrived and surrounded the savages, killed and captured some, and otherwise inflicted terrible punishment upon them, and released the prisoners."

      Louis du Bois was one of the founders, and the first elder, of the Reformed Dutch Church at New Paltz. He often officiated at the marriage ceremonies and baptisms among the families connected with the church, and with many enterprises of civic importance and progress his name was frequently mentioned. After his death, in 1695, his widow married Jean Cotton and their three children left numerous descendants, one of whom, Garrett A. Hobart, was the Vice-President of the United States during President McKinley's first administration.

      Between the year 1695 and the date of the filing of the inventory of his father's personal estate at Burlington, in 1706, there is no documentary evidence at hand as to where he lived, neither is there any information available as to when or where Jooste Jans died, and nothing covering the movements of John Van Metre, as we shall henceforth call him. It is probable he was absent on some expedition with the Delaware Indians, acting as interpreter, or as a trader along the trails to the south, or he may have remained quietly in Somerset County closing out his father's estate. He was not present at the wedding of his sister, Rebecca, who was married at Kingston, in September, 1704, to Cornelis Elting, Jr. As an item of peculiar interest, in this connection, we make this record: that it was Sara, the daughter of this couple, baptized at Kingston Church 6th February, 1715, sponsored by Sara du Bois and her son, John Van Metre, Jr., who after her parents' removal to the Shenandoah Valley, Va., married Col. John Hite, the eldest son of Jost Hite. Her family became socially famous, and, by marriage, were related to that of President James Madison, of Virginia.

      "In tracing John Van Metre from Ulster County, N. Y., to the stop on the Monocacy River in Maryland, the writer finds him in 1727 over in old Spottsylvania County rendering advice to the settlers at Germanna, where skilled artisans had come in answer to the system adopted by the Governor [Spottswood]. They surveyed the lands chiefly from the forks of the Shenandoah westward, thus showing that they entered the valley through the gap of the Blue Ridge at the point hugging the line forming the north boundary of the Robert Carter and Mann Page grant. This proves that John Van Metre was the first white man to visit the country south of the Cohongaruta" [Potomac].

      In an article relating to the last of the southern Indians, it states:

      "Mr. John Van Metre of New York gives an account of his accompanying the New York Delaware Indians on their raid against the Catawbas - They passed up the South Branch of the Potomac, and he afterward settled his boys there."

      Kercheval, a prominent and reliable historian of the border, who derived his information from the immediate descendants of the participants in its events, gives the following account of the coming of the Van Metres to Virginia:

      "At the mouth of the Antietam Creek, then in Prince George's County, Md., between 1730 and 1736, occurred the famous battle between the Catawbas and the Delawares by which the Catawbas secured the victory. This took place at what is now the coke-yard of the Antietam Iron Works, three miles from Sharpsburg - where numerous skeletons and war implements have been found."

      "John Van Metre, a Dutchman from the Hudson, was an Indian trader and pioneer explorer of the Shenandoah Valley, who spied out the land about the time of Governor Spottswood's expedition in 1716. He equipped a band of Delaware Indians at his own expense and traveled far southward and over unknown land. On his return he advised his sons to take up lands in the Wappatomaka Valley, on the South Branch River above 'the Trough,' as it was the finest land he had ever discoverd. Subsequently his sons, John and Isaac, took his advice and petitioned Governor Gooch, in 1731, for 40,000 acres, which was granted, and which they later transferred to Jost Hite, whose wife was Anna Maria du Bois, a near relative of Louis du Bois."

      Thus it was that John Van Metre beheld and explored that "land of promise" where he envisioned the future as he looked upon the beautiful valley of Virginia sweeping southward, enfolded by the evergreen Blue Ridge, whose western slopes fell gently to the verdant meadows and sheltered limestone bottoms that were washed by the swift waters of the Shenandoah and those of the placid Potomac. This sylvan wilderness of Lord Fairfax, which he called "the Northern Neck" of Virginia, was the "land of Goshen" to which the restless pioneers of the east shortly came, and whose first settlement may be traced to the intrepid trader Van Metre; and it actually began with the granting of a vast area to his sons on the 17th of June, 1730.

      Sarah du Bois, Jan's wife, who still retained her maiden family patronymic, established a home in Salem prior to 1709, in which year there is a record found in the "Eare Marke Book," of Salem County, reciting that John, Jr., and Isaac Van Metre, had recorded therein their ear marks for cattle and swine. John was then in his 26th year, and Isaac in his 17th year of age. This same John Van Metre, Jr., was commissioned to be coroner of Salem County on March 17, 1713; and was reappointed on the 21st of January, 1712/4.[?] Entries in the Salem County Court Journals disclose that John Van Metre, Jr., individually, and also in company with his brother, Isaac, were alternately plaintiff and defendant in several actions in ejectment, and in other causes, before the Court of Salem County, in the years between 1709 and 1718.
    Person ID I26033  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 25 Nov 2018 

    Family Catherine BLANCHAN,   b. 17 Oct 1627, Artois [historic region], Pas-de-Calais, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Oct 1713, Kingston, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years) 
    Married 10 Oct 1655  Mannheim, Karlsruhe, Baden-W??rttemberg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Sarah du BOIS,   b. Bef 14 Sep 1664, Ulster County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jan 1726, Salem, Salem County, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 61 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 25 Nov 2018 10:18:54 
    Family ID F11367  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart