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Adam KERN, Sr.

Male Abt 1731 - 1801  (~ 68 years)


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  • Name Adam KERN 
    Suffix Sr. 
    Born Abt 1731 
    Gender Male 
    Died Between 1 Dec 1799 and 1801  Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 

    • (1) Kerns, Wilmer L., Frederick County, Virginia: Settlement and Some First Families of Back Creek Valley, 1730-1830, Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, Inc., 1995, pp. 327-328:

      Six different Kerns families settled in Old Frederick County prior to the Revolutionary War, representing English, Irish, German, and Dutch nationalities. The name is spelled numerous ways in public records, such as: Carn, Carns, Carnes, Cairns, Karn, Karns, Karnes, Karren, Kearn, Kearns, Kerns, Kerin, Keern, Keerans, Kerans, Kerens, Keran, and Kirns. . . .

      Adam Kern (1730-1799) was of German origin, and migrated from York County, Pennsylvania to Frederick County In 1766. He settled just south of Winchester along the Great Wagon Road. The town of Kernstown was named for his son, Adam Kern Jr. (1773-1855).

      (2) History of Virginia, Vol. VI, Chicago, IL and New York, NY: The American Historical Society, 1924, p. 49:

      . . . Adam and Esther Kern . . . came to this country from Holland and settled in Frederick County, Virginia, in 1760. A son of Adam and Esther was another Adam Kern, whose home was near Winchester, in the locality named in his honor, Kernstown.

      (3) Regel, Bessie Kern, Descendants of Adam Kern, 1731 - 1975, Charles City, IA: privately published, 1975, pp. 6-7:

      Adam Kern's and Maria Esther's 7 children were born in their home in Frederick County. The records are as follows:

      [i] Nicholas - born 5/8/1788

      [ii] John - no records, but died in a fall from a horse, leaving a widow and a small daughter.

      [iii] Adam II - born 10/25/1773

      [iv] and [v] Twins: Samuel and Henry - born 11/14/1775

      [vi] Jacob - born 7/4/1779

      [vii] Rebecca - no dates; their only daughter was a retarded child (said to be "bewitched" by a gypsy woman who stopped at the home before the child's birth.)

      Soon after the mother's death, Nicholas, the eldest son, just married, took care of his sister until her death at about age twenty.

      Apparently Adam prospered in his new location. A continuous flow of new settlers traveled up this only road in the Shenandoah Valley, finding Adam's smithy and camping ground a convenient first night stop after crossing the Potomac.

      When Nicholas Kern married in 1788, Adam sold him part of the land on the west side of the Pike where he built a home. He had learned the trade from his father, and, probably, took over his father's smithy.

      In the next twelve years, Adam Kern was busy on a new project, the platting of his land into a town-site. Already settlers were located there. During the Revolutionary War period there is a mention of "Kernsville" in regard to the opening of a road. On December 1, 1799 the Virginia Assembly approved his plat. . . .

      Adam Kern died between that date and 1801 when Christiana Kern's name appears on a land purchase alone.

      My brother Howard and I visited the Opequon Church burial ground, on 2?? acres of land given by Adam Kern in 1795, but there was no marker for his resting place.

      Adam Kern died at the high point of his life, leaving an enduring memorial in the town bearing his name, "Kernstown." The Frederick Co. Atlas, 1885, contains this description:

      "Kernstown appears to be about 2 miles south of Winchester, in Shawnee Magisterial District; on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad." Printed above the name, it says "Battle of Kernstown, March 22, 1862." On a large scale map, it shows the depot, Mennonite Church, M.E. Church, Presbyterian Church built in 1790, cemetery near ruins of the Opequon Church, and a school.

      At the entrance to the village is a sign "Kernstown", Battle of Kernstown, March 22, 1862. In the first Battle of Kernstown, Gen. Sheridan had his headquarters in the Nicholas Kern home, a 3-story mansion built in the early 1800's - across the road from the Adam Kern home.

      On July 24, 1862 there was a second Battle of Kernstown with the notation "Early defeats Crook." All through the Civil War, Union Armies marched up and down the Valley Road. Winchester was occupied by Union forces over 60 times. What a nightmare that war, fought almost entirely on Southern territory, must have been!

      [Note by compiler: On February 23, 2003, Wilmer L. Kerns posted the following cautionary message to the Kern Family Genealogy Forum regarding Bessie Kerns Regel's book, Descendants of Adam Kern, 1731 - 1975:

      ". . . I am in possession of her [Mrs. Regel's] research papers - correspondence going back to the 1920s and certain records that she didn't publish, such as the Bible record of Nicholas Kern, eldest son of Adam Kern Sr. She also collected some very old letters written just after the Civil War. These have been helpful to me. I should add that Mrs. Regal [sic] returned to her research late in life, after a career, and unfortunately at least one professional genealogist misled her on the Pennsylvania research. Therefore, I caution anyone not to accept anything at face value on the siblings and antecedants of Adam Kern (ca. 1731-1799)."]
    Person ID I25663  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 19 Sep 2017 

    Family 1 Maria Esther MOSER,   d. 1787 
    Married 17 Jul 1766  First Reformed (Trinity) Church, York, York County, PA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
     1. Henry KERN,   b. 14 Nov 1775, Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Aug 1828, Shenandoah County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years)  [natural]
     2. Jacob KERN,   b. 4 Jul 1779, Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jan 1843, Shelby County, IN Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)  [natural]
     3. Samuel KERN,   b. 14 Nov 1775, Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1857, Shenandoah County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)  [natural]
     4. Nicholas KERN,   b. 8 May 1768, Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Oct 1843, Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)  [natural]
     5. Adam KERN, Jr.,   b. 25 Oct 1773, Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Oct 1855, Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)  [natural]
     6. Rebecca KERN,   b. Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     7. John KERN,   b. Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
    Last Modified 19 Sep 2017 13:03:58 
    Family ID F11213  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Ruth SNYDER,   d. Abt 1790 
    Married 18 Apr 1788  Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Last Modified 19 Sep 2017 13:03:58 
    Family ID F11214  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Christiana ANDREWS 
    Married 25 Oct 1791  Frederick County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Last Modified 19 Sep 2017 13:03:58 
    Family ID F11215  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Citation Text: (1) York County,Pennsylvania, 1745-1800: First Reformed (Trinity) Church [database online], Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000: Name: Adam Kern Description: Groom Event: Marriage Date of Event: 17 Jul 1766 Church: Records of the First Reformed (Trinity), City of York, York County, Pennsylvania, 1745-1800 * * * Name: Maria Esther Moser Description: Bride Event: Marriage Date of Event: 17 Jul 1766 Church: Records of the First Reformed (Trinity), City of York, York County, Pennsylvania, 1745-1800.

    2. Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Citation Text: (1) Davis, Eliza Timberlake,Frederick County, Virginia Marriages, 1771-1825, p. 45: Kerns, Adam and Ruth Snyder, April 18, 1788. J. M.

    3. Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Citation Text: (1) Davis, Eliza Timberlake,Frederick County, Virginia Marriages, 1771-1825, p. 45: Kern, Adam and Christianna Andrews, Oct. 25, 1791. A. B.