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Gen. Benedict ARNOLD, V

Male 1741 - 1801  (60 years)


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  • Name Benedict ARNOLD 
    Title Gen. 
    Suffix
    Born 14 Jan 1741  Norwich, New London County, CT Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 14 Jun 1801  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Probate 18 Jul 1801  Prerogative Court of Canterbury, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried St. Mary Churchyard, Battersea, Greater London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 

    • (1) "Benedict Arnold," Encyclop√¶dia Britannica, 2010, ??2010 Encyclop√¶dia Britannica, Inc.:

      Benedict Arnold, (b. January 14, 1741, Norwich, Connecticut [U.S.] - d. June 14, 1801, London, England), patriot officer who served the cause of the American Revolution until 1779, when he shifted his allegiance to the British; thereafter his name became an epithet for traitor in the United States.

      Upon the outbreak of hostilities at Lexington, Massachusetts (April 1775), Arnold volunteered for service and participated with Ethan Allen in the successful colonial attack on British-held Fort Ticonderoga, New York, the following month. That autumn he was appointed by General George Washington to command an expedition to capture Quebec. He marched with 700 men by way of the Maine wilderness, a remarkable feat of woodsmanship and endurance, and, reinforced by General Richard Montgomery, attacked the well-fortified city. The combined assault (December 31, 1775) failed, Montgomery was killed, and Arnold was severely wounded.

      Promoted to the rank of brigadier general, Arnold constructed a flotilla on Lake Champlain and inflicted severe losses on a greatly superior enemy fleet near Valcour Island, New York (October 11, 1776). He returned a hero, but his rash courage and impatient energy had aroused the enmity of several officers. When in February 1777 Congress created five new major generalships, Arnold was passed over in favour of his juniors. Arnold resented this affront, and only Washington???s personal persuasion kept him from resigning.

      Two months later he repelled a British attack on Danbury, Connecticut, and was made a major general, but his seniority was not restored and Arnold felt his honour impugned. Again he tried to resign, but in July he accepted a government order to help stem the British advance into upper New York. He won a victory at Fort Stanwix (now Rome) in August 1777 and commanded advance battalions at the Battle of Saratoga that autumn, fighting brilliantly until seriously wounded. For his services he was restored to his proper relative rank.

      Crippled from his wounds, Arnold was placed in command of Philadelphia (June 1778), where he socialized with families of loyalist sympathies and lived extravagantly. To raise money, he violated several state and military regulations, arousing the suspicions and, finally, the denunciations of Pennsylvania???s supreme executive council. These charges were then referred to Congress, and Arnold asked for an immediate court-martial to clear himself.

      Meanwhile, in April 1779, Arnold married Margaret (Peggy) Shippen, a young woman of loyalist sympathies. Early in May he made secret overtures to British headquarters, and a year later he informed the British of a proposed American invasion of Canada. He later revealed that he expected to obtain the command of West Point, New York, and asked the British for ??20,000 for betraying this post. When his British contact, Major John Andr??, was captured by the Americans, Arnold escaped on a British ship, leaving Andr?? to be hanged as a spy. The sacrifice of Andr?? made Arnold odious to loyalists, and his reputation was further tarnished among his former neighbours when he led a raid on New London, Connecticut, in September 1781.

      At the end of 1781 Arnold went to England, where he remained, inactive, ostracized, and ailing, for the rest of his life.

      (2) http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk:

      Description: Will of Benedict Arnold, Brigadier General of City of London
      Date [proved]:18 July 1801
      Catalogue reference: PROB 11/1360
      Dept: Records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury
      Series: Prerogative Court of Canterbury and related Probate Jurisdictions: Will Registers
      Piece: Name of Register: Abercrombie Quire Numbers: 438 - 491
      Image contains 1 will of many for the catalogue reference

      (3) www.findagrave.com:

      Benedict Arnold [V]
      Birth: Jan. 14, 1741, Norwich, New London County, Connecticut, USA
      Death: Jun. 14, 1801, London, Greater London, England

      Revolutionary War Continental Major General, Reknown Traitor. The son of Benedict Arnold and Hannah Waterman King, Benedict Jr was schooled in Canterbury, Connecticut. Financial problems at home forced his return to Connecticut, and eventually he established an Apothecary business after serving an apprenticeship with his cousins, Daniel and Joshua Lathrop. He established an Apothecary in New Haven, Connecticut, with his sister, Hannah. In 1767, he married Margaret Mansfield, and together they had 3 sons; she died in 1775. In 1775, he was a Captain in the Governor's Second Company of Guards, and he immediately took them to capture Fort Ticonderoga. His small unit met up with Colonel Ethan Allen and joined forces to capture Fort Ticonderoga. Initially, he billed the Continental Congress for his expenses, and it took nearly 2 years to pay him. In the meantime, George Washington had promoted him to Colonel, and he was given command of an expedition to sieze Canada from British control. This expedition failed at Montreal, however, Arnold's superior leadership was noted. Despite the failure of the Canada Expedition, Washington had Arnold promoted to Brigadier General. His hot temper caused many arguments with fellow officers, and even though he routed the British Army at Danbury, CT, winning promotion to Major General, his disenchantment with the American Revolution was growing. In 1777, he sided with General Schuyler in a dispute between Schuyler and General Horatio Gates. Two months later, at the American victory at Saratoga, General Gates ignored Arnold's accomplishments to help win the victory. Arnold broke his leg at Freeman's Farm during the battle, and Gates' intense dislike of him almost caused him to resign. Washington had him recalled, to be with him at Valley Forge, and when Philadelphia was recaptured, Arnold was named Commandant of the city. While in Philadelphia, Arnold met and married Peggy Shippen, a young 19 year old Loyalist; they later had 5 children. She put her husband in contact with Major John Andre, chief of intelligence for British General Henry Clinton. In correspondence, Arnold offered Clinton the strategic fort of West Point, along with 20,000 American soldiers, in exchange for a British commission and 10,000 pounds. When Major John Andre was captured and this was reported to Arnold, he realized that his treason would soon be discovered, and he immediately defected to the British. The British gave Arnold the 10,000 pounds, a commission as a Brigadier General, a pension when he retired, and land in Canada. Even though Arnold served the British Army well, they never trusted him. After the war, he moved to London, but could find no job. He entered the shipping business in Canada, but the Tories there disliked him, so he returned to London, where he died in 1801, virtually unknown, and penniless. (bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson)

      Family links: Parents: Benedict Arnold [III] (1683 - 1761), Hannah Waterman Arnold (1708 - 1759); Children: James Robertson Arnold (____ - 1854), Richard Arnold, Benedict Arnold (1768 - 1795), Henry Arnold (1772 - 1826), Edward Shippen Arnold (1780 - 1813), Sophia Matilda Arnold Phipps (1785 - 1828), George Arnold (1787 - 1828), William Fitch Arnold (1794 - ____); Spouses: Margaret Mansfield Arnold (1745 - 1775), Margaret Shippen Arnold (1760 - 1804).

      Burial: St Mary Churchyard, Battersea, Greater London, England
      Plot: Crypt in the Basement

      Maintained by: Find A Grave
      Record added: Sep 21, 1998
      Find A Grave Memorial# 3595
    Person ID I24098  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 29 May 2018 

    Father Benedict ARNOLD, III,   b. 28 Aug 1683, Newport, Newport County, RI Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1761, Norwich, New London County, CT Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Hannah WATERMAN,   b. 28 Sep 1708, Norwich, New London County, CT Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Aug 1759, Norwich, New London County, CT Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Family ID F10629  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Margaret SHIPPEN,   b. 11 Jul 1760, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Aug 1804, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years) 
    Married Apr 1779 
    Last Modified 29 May 2018 13:23:14 
    Family ID F10628  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Margaret MANSFIELD,   b. 24 Apr 1745, New Haven, New Haven County, CT Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jun 1775  (Age 30 years) 
    Last Modified 29 May 2018 13:23:14 
    Family ID F10631  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart