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Sophia MASQUELETTE

Female Abt 1822 - 1894  (~ 72 years)


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  • Name Sophia MASQUELETTE 
    Born Abt 1822  Strasbourg, Bas Rhine, Alsace, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Name Mary MASQUELETTE 
    Died 20 Dec 1894  Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 

    • (1) Source: FamilySearch™ Pedigree Resource File, Compact Disc #123, Pin #387918, Submission Search: 2905440-0929105162250. According to this source, Mary/Sophia MASQUELETTE was born in Strasbourg, Bas Rhine, Alsace, France. Following is some information about Alsace and Alsace-Lorraine from Encyclopædia Brittanica, 2010, © 2010 Encyclopædia Brittanica, Inc.:

      Alsace

      Alsace, r??gion of France, encompassing the northeastern d??partements of Haut-Rhin ("Upper Rhine") and Bas-Rhin ("Lower Rhine") and roughly coextensive with the historical region of Alsace. It is bounded by the r??gions of Lorraine to the west and Franche-Comt?? to the southwest. Switzerland lies to the south and Germany borders it to the east and north. The capital is Strasbourg. Area 3,197 square miles (8,280 square km). Pop. (1999) 1,734,145; (2006 est.) 1,817,000.

      Geography

      Natural boundaries in Alsace include the Vosges Mountains to the west and the Rhine River to the east. The massif of the Vosges gradually gives way eastward to the plain of Alsace, while to the south the region of Sundgau in southern Haut-Rhin rises to the Jura Mountains. Alsace is one of the more fertile regions in central Europe. The hills are generally richly wooded, chiefly with fir, beech, and oak. Annual precipitation is relatively low, ranging from 20 to 28 inches (500 to 700 mm).

      Alsace has a growing population, the result of both natural and migrational increase; Bas-Rhin is the more dynamic of the r??gion's two d??partements. Outside the Vosges massif, Alsace is densely populated (twice the national average) and has a well-developed urban network dominated by the cities of Strasbourg, Mulhouse, and Colmar. Rural population densities are also among the highest in France.

      Alsace has a rich, highly intensive agriculture characterized by small farms. This is particularly true of the vineyards that dominate the foothills of the Vosges. Riesling, Gew??rztraminer, Sylvaner, Auxerrois, and Pinot Blanc are among the notable white wines produced. Colmar is the principal centre of the wine-growing region, whose vineyards extend in a narrow strip along the lower slopes of the Vosges west of the city. Parts of the alluvial plain of Alsace (e.g., west of Strasbourg) are devoted to cereals, but industrial crops are also widely cultivated and include sugar beets, hops, and tobacco. The r??gion is also known for its asparagus and foie gras.

      The industrial economy of Alsace is strong and diversified. Textile manufacturing, based in and around Mulhouse, is one of the r??gion's oldest industries, though now it has little importance. Machinery production, in part related to textiles, and food and beverage industries (milling, brewing, canning) are also long established. More recent industries include automobile assembly and component manufacture, pharmaceuticals, electronics, and telecommunications. Much of the investment in industry originates outside France, notably in Germany, Japan, and the United States. A large number of workers from Alsace commute to factories in Germany and Switzerland. The service sector has grown rapidly in fields such as retailing, business services, higher education, and research. Strasbourg in particular has benefited from this trend.

      A network of motorways traverses Alsace, and a regional airport is located in Strasbourg. There is also an extensive port and industrial zone bordering the Rhine. Apart from its use as a waterway, the Rhine is used to generate hydroelectric power, and a nuclear power station stands on its banks at Fessenheim.

      History

      The area was conquered by the Roman legions of Julius Caesar in the 1st century bc and had been profoundly Romanized by the time of the invasion of the Alemanni in the 5th century ad. The Alemanni, however, were conquered by the Franks under Clovis in 496, and Alsace became a Frankish duchy. Under Merovingian rule the area was Christianized and colonized.

      Alsace was incorporated into Lotharingia in the mid-9th century and was united with the German territories of the Carolingians by the Treaty of Mersen (870). It was attached to what became known as the Holy Roman Empire until the 17th century. During that period its territory was divided into a number of secular and ecclesiastical lordships and municipalities, which remained significant until the French Revolution. The medieval period was also marked by the growing importance of its cities - e.g., Strasbourg, Colmar, and Haguenau, which, with the support of the emperors, gradually freed themselves from their feudal overlords.

      Protestantism made important gains in Alsace during the Reformation, and Strasbourg, where the reformer Martin Bucer was especially prominent, became the centre of Alsatian Protestantism. That city's Protestant influence was countered, however, by the resolute Roman Catholicism of the Habsburgs, who tried to eradicate heresy in upper Alsace.

      French influence began to be felt in Alsace late in the 16th century, during the Wars of Religion. This influence grew during the Thirty Years' War, when the Alsatian cities, caught between the opposing Catholic and Protestant sides and feeling their liberties threatened, appealed to France for help. The Peace of Westphalia (1648) gave France an informal protectorate over Alsace, and full control was established during the reign of Louis XIV, after the French had occupied Strasbourg in 1681.

      In the 18th century Alsace enjoyed considerable autonomy under the French crown, and Alsatians took advantage of their status outside the French customs system to develop a flourishing transit trade. The administrative incorporation of Alsace into France was completed by the French Revolution (1789), when the area was administratively divided into the two d??partements of Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin, and its existence as a separate province was ended. The people of Alsace continued to speak a German dialect known as Alsatian, but the use of French spread among the upper classes.

      From 1815 to 1870 Alsace actively participated in French national life. The introduction of universal suffrage (1848) and the building of railways helped to bind France and its eastern frontier province closely together. These links were shattered at the end of the Franco-German War (1870-71), however, when Alsace was detached from France and annexed to the German Empire. (For the history of Alsace under German rule, see Alsace-Lorraine.)

      Following the defeat of Germany in World War I, Alsace was returned to France under the Treaty of Versailles, along with part of the r??gion of Lorraine. During the interwar years, German influence remained strong in the two recovered r??gions, and in the early 1940s Alsace was once again annexed by Germany, for the duration of World War II. In the postwar years, however, French hegemony reclaimed Alsace, though some cultural ties to Germany remained.

      * * *

      Alsace-Lorraine

      Alsace-Lorraine, German Elsass-lothringen, area comprising the present French d??partements of Haut-Rhin, Bas-Rhin, and Moselle. Alsace-Lorraine was the name given to the 5,067 square miles (13,123 square km) of territory that was ceded by France to Germany in 1871 after the Franco-German War. This territory was retroceded to France in 1919 after World War I, was ceded again to Germany in 1940 during World War II, and was again retroceded to France in 1945.

      Historically, the area was at the centre of Charlemagne's Frankish empire in the 9th century and later became part of the Germanies of the Holy Roman Empire, remaining a German territory under various sovereignties up to the Thirty Years' War. The Peace of Westphalia (1648) concluding that war gave control of Alsace-Lorraine to France.

      Because of its ancient German associations and because of its large German-speaking population, Alsace-Lorraine was incorporated into the German Empire after France's defeat in the Franco-German War (1870-71). The loss of Alsace-Lorraine was a major cause of anti-German feeling in France in the period from 1871 to 1914. France also suffered economically from the loss of Alsace-Lorraine's valuable iron-ore deposits, iron- and steelmaking plants, and other industries to Germany.

      Under German rule, Alsace-Lorraine was classified as a Reichsland (imperial state) and was denied effective self-government until 1902. Moreover, its population was initially enthusiastic over the new French republic, and German rule remained unpopular for some years among the inhabitants, who continued to protest the German annexation. Thousands of residents who considered themselves French emigrated during this period. By 1905, however, many of Alsace-Lorraine's Roman Catholics had been alienated by the French republic's anticlerical policies, and so they shifted their aspirations toward an autonomous Alsace-Lorraine within the German Empire. Thereafter, especially with the grant of a constitution in 1911, some progress was made toward Germanization in the region.

      Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France in 1919 after World War I. The French government's attempts to rapidly assimilate Alsace-Lorraine met with problems, however, especially in France's plans to substitute state-run schools for the region's traditional church schools and in its attempts to suppress German newspapers (German being the written language of 75 percent of the inhabitants). As a consequence, Alsace-Lorraine developed a strong "home rule" movement in the 1920s and unsuccessfully sought autonomy within the French Republic.

      Early in World War II, the collapse of France in 1940 was followed by the second German annexation of Alsace-Lorraine, which was again returned to France in 1945. Since then, many of the French prewar governmental policies that had clashed with the region's particularism have been modified, and the autonomist movement has largely disappeared. Linguistically, the German dialect known as Alsatian remains the lingua franca of the region, and both French and German are taught in the schools.

      (2) A household headed by S. CLERK is listed in the 1880 census of Teutopolis Township, Effingham County, IL. [Note by compiler: The compiler believes that the surname of S. and the other members of her household was really CLARK.]

      S. CLERK is listed in the 1880 census as a widow who was then 58 years of age; therefore, according to the 1880 census, she was born in about 1822. According to the 1880 census, she was born in France, and both of her parents were born in France.

      Listed with S. CLERK is her daughter, Catharina CLERK, who was then 27 years of age; therefore, according to the 1880 census, she was born in about 1853. According to the 1880 census, she was born in IL, her father was born in IN, and her mother was born in France.

      Also listed with S. CLERK is her son, Joseph CLERK, a laborer who was then 18 years of age; therefore, according to the 1880 census, he was born in about 1862. According to the 1880 census, he was born in IL, his father was born in OH, and his mother was born in France.

      Also listed with S. CLERK is her daughter, Susana CLERK, who was then 16 years of age; therefore, according to the 1880 census, she was born in about 1864. According to the 1880 census, she was born in IL, her father was born in IN, and her mother was born in France.
    Person ID I22521  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 12 Nov 2017 

    Father Fran??ois Maurice MASQUELETTE,   b. 24 Sep 1777, Soultz, Haut Rhine, Alsace, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Oct 1840, Greenup, Coles [now Cumberland] County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Anna Marie MEYER,   b. 2 Mar 1781, Illhaeusern, Haut Rhine, Alsace, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Dec 1845, Greenup, Cumberland County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 18 Apr 1804  Illhaeusern, Haut Rhine, Alsace, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F9930  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 John Wesley PHILLIPS, Sr.,   b. 22 Dec 1817, Posey County, IN Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 May 1854, Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years) 
    Married 10 Mar 1847  St. Louis County, MO Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
     1. Mary Sophia Catherine PHILLIPS,   b. Jul 1852, Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1880 and 1900  (Age ~ 27 years)  [natural]
     2. Maria Sophia PHILLIPS,   b. Bef 4 Aug 1854, Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1880 and 1900  (Age > 25 years)  [natural]
     3. John Wesley PHILLIPS, Jr.,   b. 20 Oct 1851, Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1920 and 1930  (Age 68 years)  [natural]
     4. Mary Louise PHILLIPS,   b. 5 Dec 1848, Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Dec 1886, Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years)  [natural]
     5. Mary Catherine PHILLIPS,   b. 26 Apr 1850, Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Oct 1915, Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 12 Nov 2017 22:51:11 
    Family ID F9923  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Joseph T. J. CLARK,   b. Abt 1821, OH Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 17 Jun 1880, Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 59 years) 
    Married 14 Nov 1858  Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Susanna CLARK,   b. 31 Oct 1863, Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 16 Jun 1900  (Age < 36 years)  [natural]
     2. Joseph CLARK,   b. Abt 1862, Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1910 and 1915, Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 48 years)  [natural]
     3. Anna Maria Barbara CLARK,   b. 16 Jan 1859, Effingham County, IL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 3 Jan 1820  [natural]
    Last Modified 12 Nov 2017 22:51:11 
    Family ID F9924  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Citation Text: (1) Missouri MarriageRecords, 1805-2002 [database online], Provo, UT: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2007: Name: John Philips Marriage Date: 7 Nov 1847 Marriage County: St Louis Spouse Name: Sophia Margraelet.