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Male Bef 1616 - 1679  (> 62 years)

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  • Name Isaac PENNINGTON 
    Suffix Jr. 
    Born Bef 8 Dec 1616  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 8 Dec 1616  St. Andrew Undershaft, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    AFN FS8F-H9 
    Name Isaac PENINGTON Jr. 
    Name Isaac PENNINGTON, Jr. "the Quaker" 
    Name Izaacc PENNYNGTON Jr. 
    Name Izhak PENINGTON Jr. 
    Died 8 Aug 1679 
    Buried Jordans Meeting House Burial Ground, Jordans, Chalfont St. Giles, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 

    • (1) The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index ®, Copyright © 1980, 2002, data as of March 19, 2009, Batch No.: C004962, Dates: 1558 - 1770, Source Call No.: 0374408, Type: Film, Printout Call No.: 6909344, Type: Film, Sheet: 00

      Christening: 08 DEC 1616 St Andrew Undershaft, London, London, England


      (2) tml:

      Like William Penn, who departed widely from his father, Admiral William Penn, in religion and mode of life, the younger Isaac Penington-who dropped an "n" from his name, which orthography will be hereafter followed in this article-seems to have possessed none of the worldly ambitions and tastes of his militant parent. Born about 1616 in the City of London, his life in the metropolis was spent amid strenuous surroundings. But, having married in 1654, he removed from London-this was prior to the Restoration-and made his residence in the country, probably in Berkshire.

      Thomas Ellwood, the eminent English Quaker, wrote of visiting Isaac Penington and his wife, at Dachet and at Causham Lodge, near Reading. In 1658 he removed to the Grange, in the parish of Chalfont St. Peter, Buckinghamshire, a property which his father had given him upon the occasion of his marriage. The latter, however, had neglected to execute a deed for the premises, and when Sir Isaac's estate was confiscated, under Charles II, the Grange went with balance of the property remaining in his name. . . .

      Though he had great opportunities for worldly aggrandizement during his father's political career, Isaac Penington followed rather his mother's ideas, and devoted himself to religious pursuits, though he did not altogether ignore political questions, as some of his earliest writings were on political subjects. He seems however, to have been an ardent religionist from an early period. Writing in after years, he said:

      ["]My heart from childhood was pointed towards the Lord, whom I feared and longed after from my tender years. . . . I could not be satisfied with the things of this perishing world, which naturally pass away, but I desired true sense of, and unity with, that which abideth forever.["]

      His conversion to the Quaker Faith did not come until several years after his marriage, in 1654. The bride of Isaac Penington was none other than Lady Mary Springett, widow of Sir William Springett, and daughter of Sir John Proude, Knight, who had been a colonel under the Prince of Orange, in the service of the United Netherlands, and was one of the officers killed at the siege of Grell, in Geulderland. She was born about 1624, and married for her first husband, Sir William Springett, Knight, a native of Sussex, where he was born about 1620. He was a gallant soldier in the Cromwellian army, holding a commission as colonel. He died February 3, 1643-44, of a fever contracted at the siege of Arundel Castle, in Sussex, during which he had been wounded. Of Sir William, a writer has said:

      ["]He had been an upright and a very generous man, having served without pay, equipping and maintaining the soldiers of his detachment at his own expense, and he died as a brave warrior for the sake of his religion.["]

      The only child of Sir William Springett, by his wife, Mary Proude, was Gulielma Maria Springett, who became the first wife of William Penn, the Proprietary of Pennsylvania.

      It was about ten years after the death of Sir William when the widow, Lady Springett and Isaac Penington were married. The circumstances of their conversion to the principals of the Friends we find in the words of Mrs. Penington herself, having written her memoirs for the benefit of her grandson, Springett Penn. She said:

      ["]One day, as my husband and I were walking in a park, a man that had for a little time frequented the Quaker's meetings saw us as we rode by in our gay, vain apparel. He spoke to us about our pride, at which I scoffed, saying 'He is a public preacher indeed, preaching on the highways!' He turned back again, seeing grace in his looks. He drew nigh to the pales, and spoke of the light and grace of God that had appeared in all men. My husband and he having engaged in discourse, the man of the house coming up invited the stranger in. He was but young, and perceiving my husband was too able for him in the fleshly wisdom, said he would bring a man the next day who would better answer all his questions and objections.["]

      This was the beginning with Isaac and Mary Penington. Commenting on the processes of the latter's conversion to Quakerism, a writer of that sect has said:

      ["]She had a terrible time, but she dare not but obey. Here came in the glorious and sufficient reward for her previous spiritual wrestlings. She was already a trained spirit, and fell into the word of command when it was plainly heard. But for many months the struggle lasted. Her duty called her, apparently to abandon her social habits and her friends, and cross the wishes of her relations. These things however she did, and then she received strength to attend some meetings of the despised Friends. 'I found they were truly of the Lord,' she wrote, 'and my heart owned them and honored them.'["]

      With Isaac Penington, it was a tremendous struggle, nor did he capitulate until he heard George Fox, at the famous Yearly Meeting at John Crook's, in Bedfordshire, at Whitsuntide, 1658. Penington thus refers to his own conversion:

      ["]I felt the presence and power of the Most High among them, and words of Truth from the Spirit of Truth reaching to my heart and conscience, opening my state as in presence of the Lord. Yes, I did not only feel words and demonstrations from without, but I felt the dead quickened and the seed raised, inasmuch as my heart (in the certainty of light and true clearness) said 'This is he, this is he, there is no other, this is he whom I have waited for and sought after from my childhood, who was always near me, and had often begotten life in my heart, but I knew him not distinctly, nor how to receive him, or dwell with him.' And then in this sense (in the melting and breakings of my spirit) was I given up to the Lord.["]

      It was not long after Isaac Penington's conversion that troubles came thick and fast to him and to those dear to him. Oliver Cromwell died that year-September 3, 1658; in due time Charles II came to the throne; the elder Isaac Pennington was thrust into the Tower as a prisoner, where he had once been governor; he was tried and sentenced to death, but, as stated, the former Lord Mayor died of his infirmities before the day of his execution rolled around; the latter's estate was confiscated, among other pieces of property taken being Chalfont Grange, the home of the younger Isaac Penington, which he supposed to be his, but which was, nevertheless, given to the Duke of Grafton, the illegitimate son of Charles II; though Penington was not finally dispossessed until 1666.

      But other and more serious troubles came to Isaac Penington, and as the direct result of his conversion. By the military order of the Earl of Bridgewater, Penington was sent to Aylesbury jail because he would not address him as "My Lord" and say "Your humble servant." At this particular time the plague was raging in the prison. Once afterward, he was incarcerated by order of the Earl of Bridgewater. These two imprisonments lasted, respectively, nine and eighteen months. But this was by no means all. Between 1661 and 1672 he spent four years and three quarters in jail, usually at Aylesbury, but once at Reading.

      Upon one occasion he was arrested while in attendance at meeting; once while walking upon the street in a funeral procession, the coffin being thrown to the ground; at another time when in bed; again upon the occasion of the birth of one of his children; and it was while he was in prison that his family was turned out of Chalfont Grange.

      But none of these things moved either Isaac Penington or Mary, his devoted wife. While in confinement, as well as the intervals between his numerous persecutions, Isaac Penington spent his time in writing pamphlets and books upon religious subjects, mainly in explanation and defense of the tenets of the Quakers. The list of his works occupies twenty-six pages in Joseph Smith's Catalogue of Friends' Books.

      After being dispossessed from the Grange, and during one of the intermissions between Isaac Penington's imprisonments, the family lived at Bury House, near Amersham, Buckinghamshire, and it was here that William Penn came courting Mrs. Penington's daughter by her first husband, Gulielma Maria Springett, who had been brought up in the family of Isaac Penington as one of the latter's household. After the daughter's marriage to Penn, April 4th, 1672, the Penington Family removed to Woodside, in the Parish of Amersham, near their former residence. Here Isaac Penington spent his remaining days in peace, dying finally October 8, 1679, at Goodnestone Court, in the Parish of Goodnestone, County Kent, where he had gone upon a visit-Goodnestone Court being the property of his wife, which she had inherited from her father, Sir John Proude. His widow survived him three years, her death having occurred at Worminghurst, Sussex, William Penn's home, September 18, 1682, a little more than a fortnight after her distinguished son in law had sailed out of the Downs, in the Welcome, for his new world on the banks of the Delaware. Both husband and wife were buried at Jordans, near their old home, Chalfont Grange. Beside them were laid to rest the remains of the daughter Gulielma Maria Penn, who died February 22, 1693-94. In the next grave, at due time, was buried the Founder himself. The four simple headstones side by side, can be seen at Jordans today.

      Isaac and Mary (nee Proude) had six children, as follows: John, Mary, Isaac, another son, name unknown, who died young; William and Edward. The eldest of the six children, John Penington, was the author of several Friends pamphlets, two of which, relating to George Keith's schism, were published in London in 1695. His "Testimony" concerning his father is published in the collected works of the latter. He died unmarried May 8, 1710.

      Mary Penington, the only daughter, was born February 10, 1657-58, married November 4, 1686, Daniel Wharley, a London merchant. Some Wharleys, among the early settlers of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, were probably related.

      Isaac Penington, the second son, was drowned at sea in 1669, when a young man, on his return from a voyage to Barbadoes.

      William Penington, born August 3, 1665, was a merchant in London, was married and had issue. He died May 5, 1703.

      It was Edward Penington, the youngest of the six children, born in the Parish of Amersham, Buckinghamshire, September 3, 1667, who came to Pennsylvania and established the family name in the domain of his brother-in-law, the founder of the province.

      (3) Pennington, A. C. M., "The Pennington Family of Connecticut and New-Jersey," New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. 25 (Jul. 1871), pp. 286-288:

      From Chalmer's Biographical Dictionary we have an account of Isaac Pennington, a writer of much eminence among the Quakers in England, who was born 1617. He was a son of Isaac Pennington, an alderman of London in time of Cromwell, and Lord Mayor of London in 1648. Isaac Pennington, Senior, was one of the King's judges, and upon the restoration he was tried and condemned, but respited, and died in the Tower. His son, Isaac Pennington, became a Quaker in 1658; he married Mary Springett, a widow, whose daughter by her former husband became the wife of William Penn. He resided on his estate, called "The Grange," at Chalfont St. Giles, Buckinghamshire. He was greatly persecuted for his religious opinions. He died at Goodnestone Court in Sussex [sic; should be Kent], 1679.

      From Nestle's History of the Puritans, we have an account of Isaac Pennington, the Quaker, also, which is too long to be inserted here. One fact is there stated, however, and it might be an important one in tracing the family whose genealogy is hereafter recorded, and that is that Isaac Pennington was the eldest son of Isaac Pennington, the Lord Mayor, which goes to show that the latter had more sons than one.

      In the Encyclopedia Britannica, in an account of William Penn's burial place, it is stated that he was buried in the "Friend's or Jourdan's Burial Ground," which is situated on the road from Beaconsfield to the neighboring village of Chalfont St. Giles in Bucks, and that two of Milton's friends, Thomas Elwood, who read to the poet in his blindness, and Isaac Pennington, were buried in the same sequestered grave yard.
    Person ID I18527  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 26 Apr 2019 

    Father Isaac PENNINGTON, Sr.,   b. 1587,   d. 17 Dec 1661, Tower of London, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Abigail ALLEN 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 7 Feb 1615 
    Family ID F8293  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Mary PROUDE,   d. Bef 11 Oct 1682 
    Married 13 May 1654  St. Margaret, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
     1. William PENNINGTON,   b. 3 Aug 1665, Chalfont St. Giles, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 May 1703  (Age 37 years)  [natural]
     2. Edward PENNINGTON,   b. 3 Sep 1667, Amersham, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Nov 1701, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years)  [natural]
     3. John PENNINGTON,   b. 2 Oct 1655, Datchet, Buckingham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 May 1710, Amersham, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years)  [natural]
     4. Mary PENNINGTON,   b. 10 Feb 1658  [natural]
     5. Isaac PENNINGTON, III,   b. 1663,   d. 1669, At sea Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 6 years)  [natural]
     6. --- PENNINGTON  [natural]
    Last Modified 26 Apr 2019 19:38:14 
    Family ID F8260  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Details: Citation Text: (1) The Church of JesusChrist of Latter-day Saints, International Genealogical Index ®, Copyright © 1980, 2002, data as of March 20, 2009, Batch No.: M001601, Dates: 1539 - 1657, Source Call No.: 942.1 W1 V26M PT 1, Type: Book, Printout Call No.: 6903677, Type: Film, Sheet: 00 ISAAC PENINGTON Male Marriages: Spouse: MARY SPRINGETT Marriage: 13 MAY 1654 Saint Margaret, Westminster, London, England.