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Thomas PENN

Male 1702 - 1775  (73 years)


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  • Name Thomas PENN 
    Born 9 Mar 1702  Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    AFN JW1K-0T 
    AFN P20M-Q8 
    Died 21 Mar 1775  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Probate 8 Apr 1775  Prerogative Court of Canterbury, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 

    • (1) Roach, Hannah Benner, "The Family of William Penn-A Collated Record," Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 25, No. 2, 1967, pp. 84-88:

      THOMAS PENN was born at Bristol 9 1m (March) 1701/2, the eleventh child of the Founder and the third of his second wife, Hannah Callowhill. He was apprenticed in 1716 to Michael Russell, a mercer in White Hart Court, Gracechurch Street, London, under whose tutelage he no doubt acquired his aptitude for business. Under the sextipartire deed of July 1727, Thomas was vested in a life interest in one quarter of the Pennsylvania property. In September, 1731, he was a party to a further settlement. Under this agreement, William Penn, 3rd, Letitia Aubrey, and Charles Fell and his wife, Gulielma Maria Penn, agreed to relinquish their claims in the province and government to John, Thomas and Richard Penn for ??5500 payable to William, 3rd, now heir of the eldest branch of the family. Excepted and reserved to William was "the Palace of Pennsbury" with 4000 acres contiguous to it; the individual 10,000-acre tracts devised to Letitia Aubrey, and to William, 3rd, and Gulielma Maria under the will of the Founder, and any other lands deeded, granted or patented to them by the Founder. Richard's one-quarter share, however, was to be held in trust by John and Thomas, apparently because of some disapproval of his recent marriage. The following May of 1732, the descent of the Pennsylvania property was established between the three brothers. In the event of the death of any one of them, his share was to go to his eldest son in tail male with remainder to his second, third and other sons successively.

      With these matters settled, Thomas, accompanied by his brother-in-law Thomas Freame, sailed for Pennsylvania, arriving at Chester 11 August 1732. During his nine-year stay in Philadelphia, Thomas had a small house built on the Springettsberry Manor lands adjoining the city, near the present Twentieth and Hamilton Streets, and embellished the grounds with a great variety of plants and trees. His elder brother John, and his sister Margaret Freame and her young son joined him, arriving 19 September 1734. John remained only a year, but Margaret Freame stayed until the news of her husband's death in the late spring of 1741. She and her brother Thomas then returned to England, arriving at Plymouth late the following November.

      On the death of John Penn, the American, in 1746, his half-interest was left to Thomas who thus became the principal Proprietor by virtue of holding a three-quarters right. With the improvement of his financial situation, by 1747 he was established in a town house in New Street, Spring Gardens, near Charing Cross, which continued to be his town residence until his death. In 1730, Thomas and Richard mutually agreed to an alteration in such of the provisions of the May, 1732, settlement as were no longer applicable, and in August, 1751, eight days before Thomas's marriage, the entailment of the Proprietary estate was reestablished in a marriage settlement. The estate was to descend in tail male to his eldest son by his prospective bride, with remainder to successive sons. Failing that, to first and successive sons by any other wife of Thomas, then in tail male to his brother Richard Penn, then to his nephew John Penn, son of Richard; then to the nephew John's eldest son and every other son successively; then to Richard, second son of Richard and Thomas's nephew, and to his sons in order of birth. If these all failed, as is did in 1869, the property was to descend to Thomas's heirs "in tail general."

      At the Church of St. George, Hanover Square, London, on 22 August 1751, Thomas Penn married LADY JULIANA FERMOR, born in 1729, daughter of Thomas, Earl of Pomfret. They entertained some thoughts of coming to Pennsylvania the following year, but the birth of their first child in 1752 prevented it, and they never came to the province.

      In 1760, Thomas Penn acquired the country estate of Stoke Poges in Buckinghamshire which he made his principal home. About 1771, he suffered a stroke of palsy from which he never fully recovered. He died on 21 March 1775, in London where he had gone in failing health to spend the winter. His widow survived him twenty-six years, dying at Ham, Surrey, 20 November 1801, in her seventy-third year. Both are buried in the church at Stoke Poges.

      Issue of . . . Thomas Penn and his wife Lady Juliana Fermor:

      i. WILLIAM PENN, b. 21 June 1752; d. 14 February 1753, ae. 7 months, bur. at Penn, Bucks.

      ii. JULIANA PENN, b. 19 May 1753; d. 23 April 1772, bur. at Stoke Pages; m. 23 May 1771, WILLIAM BAKER of Bayfordbury, Herts. Issue: 1. JULIANA BAKER, b. ca. 1772; d. 11 September 1849, at Gunters Grove, Stoke Courcy, Somerset; m. 18 January 1803, JOHN FAWSET HERBERT RAWLINS. They had no issue.

      iii. THOMAS PENN, JR., b. 17 July 1754; d. 5 September 1717, bur. at Penn.

      iv. WILLIAM PENN (2nd), b. 22 July 1756; d. 24 April 1760, bur. at Penn.

      v. LOUISA HANNAH PENN (twin), b. 22 July 1756; d. 10 June 1766, bur. at Penn.

      vi. JOHN PENN, called "the Younger," b. in London 23 February 1760, bapt. 21 March 1760, as St. Martin's in the Fields; d. unmarried. at Stoke Park 21 June 1834, bur. at Stoke Park, He was still a minor when he succeeded to the Pennsylvania property and Stoke Poges upon the death of his father. Entering Clare Hall, Cambridge, as a nobleman by virtue of his mother's position, be received his M.A. in 1779, the year the Pennsylvania Assembly on 29 November divested the Penn family of its Proprietorship and title to the land, except for their private holdings. In recompense the Assembly agreed to a settlement of ??130,000, payable in annual installments not to exceed ??15,000, to the heirs of Thomas and Richard Penn.

      In 1783, John Penn came to Pennsylvania to look after the family's remaining property. The next year he bought 15 acres on the west bank of the Schuylkill, and began the erection of Solitude, now within the grounds of the Zoological Society. In the city he lived at the northeast corner of Sixth and Chestnut Streets. After his return to England in 1788, Parliament voted the family an annual pension of ??4000, in recompense for their losses in America. Stoke Poges being in sad repair, he demolished part of it, and erected a new home which he called Stoke Park. In the ensuing years he participated in polities in a gentlemanly way; was Sheriff of Bucks in 1798, was in Parliament in 1802, was made governor of the Island of Portland in Dorset in 1805, and about 1815, erected Portland Castle in that place. In 1811, the year Cambridge awarded him the degree of LL.D., the College of Arens sent him a pedigree on vellum under the common seal of the College, "shewing and certifying Mr. Penn's descent from The Blood Royal of England." The charge was ??13 16s. 8d.

      vii. GRANVILLE PENN, b. in London 9 December 1761; d. at Stoke, 28 September 1844, bur. at Stoke Park. He matriculated from Magdalen College, Oxford, 11 November 1780, but took no degree, and became an assistant clerk in the war department. In the years following his Oxford schooling, he appears to have formed an irregular attachment with an unknown woman, by whom he had issue: WILLIAM GRANVILLE, b. ca. 1785; d. January 1864, in Bath, ae. 79, bur. at Stoke Park. He lived in Ceylon from 1805 to 1821; m. and had several daughters and one son, WILLIAM TURNOUR GRANVILLE, Lieutenant of the 8th Regiment of Foot in 1842, who retired as a captain about 1850 or 1851. William Granville appears to have been an intimate friend of his halfbrather Granville John Penn.

      On 24 June 1791, GRANVILLE PENN m. ISABELLA FORBES, b. 1771; d. 1847, bur. at Stoke Park, eldest daughter of General Gordon Forbes and his wife Mary Sullivan of Cork. They settled in London, but when his elder brother John Penn, the Younger, died in 1834, Granville Penn inherited Stoke Park and Portland Castle. In 1858, the College of Arms granted him an "Augmentation to the Armorial Ensigns used by his Family," permitting him and "the other descendants of his Grandfather the said William Penn," to "henceforth bear and use the Armorial Ensigns following, that is to say, A Fess charged with three Plates, and, on a Canton of honourable Augmentation, a Crown, representing the Royal Crown of King Charles the Second, and, for the Crest, A Demi-Lion, gorged with a Collar charged with three Plates, and above, An Escroll, thereon the Word 'Pennsylvania.'" Signed by Queen Victoria, the grant was accompanied by a painting in full color showing the augmentation on the achievement of arms.

      Issue by Isabella Forbes: 1. SOPHIA PENN, b. 1793; d. without issue, 1827; m. 1818, SIR WILLIAM MAYNARD GOMM, who eventually purchased the Penn mansion in New Street. He m. 2nd, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Kerr, but died childless. 2. LOUISA EMILY PENN, b. 1795; d. unmarried 27 May 1841, bur. at Stoke Poges. 3. ISABELLA MARY PENN (twin?), b. 1795; d. unmarried 28 January 1856, bur. at Stoke Pages. 4. HENRIETTA ANN PENN, b. 1797; d. unmarried 13 June 1855, bur. at Stoke Poges. 5. JOHN WILLIAM PENN, d. in childhood; bur. at Stoke Poges 18 December 1802. 6. WILLIAM PENN, b. ca. 1800; d. unmarried at Brighton, 7 January 1848, bur. at Stoke Poges. Matriculating at Christ Church, Oxford, 5 June 1818, ae. 18 years, he received his B.A. in 1333, and M.A. in 1837, at which time he was of Semoure Hall, Norfolk. In 1844, he was a barrister-at-law of Lincoln's Inn. 7. JULIANA MARGARET PENN, d. in infancy; bur. at Stoke Poges, 21 March 1804. 8. GRANVILLE JOHN PENN, b. November 1802; d. unmarried intestate 29 March 1867, bur. at Stoke Poges. He studied at Christ Church College and received his M.A. there, then became a barrister-at-law. Inheriting Stoke Park and Portland Castle on the death of his father in 1844, he found he was unable to maintain Stoke financially, and it was sold in 1848, after the death of his mother. He eventually settled at Portland Castle. He visited Pennsylvania twice, in 1852 and in 1857. 9. THOMAS GORDON PENN, b. 1803; d. of unsound mind unmarried 10 September 1669, bur. at Stoke Poges. He studied at Christ Church College, receiving his M.A., then took holy orders in the Anglican Church. When the entailed Proprietary estate fell to him upon the death of his brother Granville John Penn, it was held in Chancery until his death since he was judged incapable of managing it. As the last male Penn, the estates then passed to the heirs of his aunt, Sophia, wife of Archbishop William Stuart. . . .

      viii. SOPHIA MARGARETTA JULIANA PENN, b. 25 December 1764; d. 29 April 1847. . . .

      (2) Jenkins, Howard M., The Family of William Penn, Founder of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA & London, England: H.M. Jenkins, Headley Bros., 1899, pp. 129-152:

      THOMAS PENN.

      Three children of William Penn and Hannah Callowhill, as we have seen, were married,-Thomas, Margaret, and Richard. Of Margaret (Freame) we have already spoken. It remains, in this branch of the Founder's family, to speak of Thomas and Richard and their descendants. We therefore take up Thomas and his line.

      At the death of his father, Thomas was in his seventeenth year,-an apprentice, as we have seen, with Michael Russell, in London. Apparently he resided in the city from that time until he came to Pennsylvania in 1732. Here he stayed nine years, and in 1741 returned to England. In 1751 he was married; in 1775 he died. About 1728 he appears to have been engaged in business of some sort in London, and to have had a partner. He writes to his brother John, April 26 of that year, and signs the letter "Thomas Penn and Company;" in it he speaks of "my business on partnership, of which I some time since acquainted thee."

      It is as the principal Proprietor of Pennsylvania for nearly thirty years that Thomas Penn has distinction. His influential connection with the Province was second only to that of his father.

      The will of the Founder remained in dispute for nine years, 1718 to 1727. A summary of the several steps in the case is given in the "Breviate in the Boundary Dispute," and the subsequent arrangements concerning the Proprietary estate are outlined in an article by the late Eli K. Price, in the American Law Register for August, 1871. Probate of the Founder's will was granted at Doctors' Commons, November 14-18,1718. Hannah Penn then executed a "Deed Poll of Appointment," upon her powers under the will, by which she assigned half of Pennsylvania and the Delaware counties to her son John, and divided the other half between Thomas, Richard, and Dennis. In October, 1721, a suit was begun by Hannah Penn, in the Court of Exchequer, in her own right and for her five children (who were then all minors), to establish the will and her and the children's rights under it against all the other parties in interest,-the two earls to whom the powers of government were devised; Springett Penn, as heir-at-law of William Penn, Jr.; the surviving trustees in Pennsylvania, named in Penn's will; and the younger children of William Penn, Jr. This suit in the Exchequer Court, after many delays, during which Dennis Penn, Henry Gouldney (one of the mortgagees), the Earl of Oxford, and Hannah Penn all died, was decided favorably to the will July 4, 1727. The "family deed sextipartite," to which an allusion has been made, was then framed, by which it was agreed that John Penn should have half the Pennsylvania and Delaware property, Thomas one-fourth, and Richard one-fourth, and that John's share should be charged with certain money payments to Margaret (Freame). In 1729/30, January 13 and 14, "Indentures of Lease and Release" were executed by the two surviving trustees of the old Ford mortgage, Joshua Gee and John Woods, to the three brothers, in the shares agreed on, half to John, a quarter to Thomas, and the other quarter to John and Thomas, as trustees for Richard. June 24, 1735, Samuel Preston and James Logan, surviving trustees in Pennsylvania under the will, released the estates on their part. The will of the Founder was thus established, and the enjoyment of the Proprietary rights lodged in the possession of the three surviving sons of his second wife.

      There had been some question in the minds of the young Proprietaries what use to make of their inheritance. Prior to Springett Penn's death, in 1730 (? 1731), a negotiation with him had been on foot to sell to him and his brother William a life-right in the Proprietorship, and there was another negotiation for the purchase by John, Thomas, and Richard of all Springett's claims. After his death the claims of William Penn, 3d, were extinguished by the payment to him of five thousand five hundred pounds.

      Thomas Penn's residence in Philadelphia covered nine years,-the later period of Governor Gordon's administration, and his death; the interval, 1736-38, in which James Logan was acting Governor; and the first three years of Governor Thomas's perturbed administration. During these nine years the State-House, now Independence Hall, was built and Christ Church was given its present dimensions, the "Indian Walk" took place, and the great Indian Council of 1736 was held in the Friends' meeting-house at Second and Market Streets. This was the period when the "Palatine" German immigration was at full height, and the Scotch-Irish were also coming freely.

      Leaving England in the summer of 1732, Thomas Penn reached the Delaware in August, and landed at Chester on the 11th of that month. An express rode with a letter from him to Governor Gordon, at Philadelphia, and that official hastened to receive him with due honor. The Governor, "and all the members of the Council who were able to travel, accompanied with a very large number of gentlemen," set out next day for Chester, waited on him, and paid him their compliments in due form. That he was embarrassed by the ceremonial, as the story attributed to Keimer the printer, cited in Watson, avers, is not very probable; he does not appear to have been a person unequal to the demands of the station he occupied, whether it might be that of mercer's apprentice or something higher. The company dined at Chester, then set out for Philadelphia, and near the city the mayor, recorder, and aldermen, "with a great body of people," met the party and extended the civic welcome. There was general anxiety to see the visitor, for since the brief stay of William, Jr., twenty-eight years before, and his angry departure, there had been none of the family of the Founder seen here. There were crowds in the streets as the cavalcade entered, and women and children gathered on the balconies and door-stoops to see the new arrival,-"a son of William Penn!" That they found a personable man we may infer from the portraits of him.

      The stories which were told afterwards of Thomas Penn, the outcome of his stay here, are preserved by the omnivorous Watson, and may be read in his "Annals." They represent his manners as cold. This may have been. I presume him to have been a self-contained and somewhat formal man, with little disposition to what in a later day has been called "gush." The democratic colonists doubtless tried him by the tradition, then still fresh among them, of his father's gracious and graceful manner, and they are said to have found his brother John, when he came two years later, a more affable person. We may take from Watson the story of that worthy Welshman, descendant of the bards of Cambria, the Reverend Hugh David, who visited Thomas Penn to read him a congratulatory poem recalling the honorable connection of the Penns with the royal house of Tudor, and who retired from the presence much disappointed. Relating his experience afterwards to Jonathan Jones, of Merion, Hugh said with great disgust, "He spoke to me but three sentences: How dost thou do?' 'Farewell!' 'The other door!'" It is past denial that such brevity of speech and lack of poetic appreciation must figure poorly in the Welsh chronicle.

      Thomas Penn addressed himself with energy to the Proprietary affairs. The situation had greatly changed since the days of continuous outlay and no income in the first years of the settlement, and of perpetual struggle to balance income and outgo in the period when the Founder broke down. There was now a large revenue from the sale of lands and quitrents, and the expense of the government could be sustained by the increasing numbers of the people.

      In September, 1734, John Penn arrived at Philadelphia with his sister Margaret-the " Pegg" of the Ruscombe family life-and her husband Thomas Freame, and now all the children of Hannah Callowhill but Richard-for Dennis had died in 1722-were gathered at Philadelphia. John returned to London in a year, to carry on the controversy with Lord Baltimore over the Maryland boundary, but Thomas and the Freames remained at Philadelphia.

      Thomas Penn established himself at Philadelphia in a residence between Bush Hill and the Schuylkill, with grounds esteemed handsome in that day, and long known as the "Proprietor's Garden." A young Virginian, Daniel Fisher, who had come to Philadelphia to seek his fortune, and who walked late in the afternoon of the first day of the week in May, 1755, "two miles out of town," found the garden, though somewhat neglected, more attractive, he thought, than that of ex-Governor James Hamilton at Bush Hill. It was, he says,"laid out with more judgment." The house, of brick, was "but small," with a kitchen, etc., "justly contrived for a small rather than a numerous family," -a bachelor's establishment, plainly. "It is pleasingly situated," says the writer, "on an eminence, with a gradual descent, over a small valley, to a handsome, level road, out through a wood, affording an agreeable vista of near two miles." The greenhouse, at that season empty, its plants and flowers disposed in the pleasure-garden, "surpassed everything of its kind" Daniel Fisher had seen in America, and he looked with pleasure on "a good many orange, lemon, and citron trees, in great perfection, loaded with abundance of fruit, and some of each sort seemingly ripe." There was also a neat little deer park, but he was told that no deer were then kept in it.

      At the time of Daniel Fisher's visit to the Proprietor's Garden, Thomas Penn had been absent from Philadelphia fourteen years. He returned to England in 1741. He had taken a somewhat active part in the affairs of the Province, especially in the treaties and conferences with the Indians, and had been occasionally present at the meetings of the Governor's Council. The Council's minutes record him as present March 26, 1741, and at a meeting October 14, that year, several Cayuga chiefs being present, Governor Thomas told them that "Mr. Penn had hoped to have seen the Chief of their Nations here this summer, but being disappointed, and being obliged to go for England, he had left the Governor in his place."

      The Pennsylvania Gazette, August 20, 1741, has this paragraph:

      "This Day the Honourable Thomas Penn, Esq., one of the Proprietors of this Province, attended by a Great Number of the Principal Inhabitants of this City, set out for New York, in order to embark on board his Majesty's Ship Squirrel, Capt. Peter Warren Commander, for Great Britain."

      Apparently he did not sail from New York, however, but from a port in New England, and his ship did not get away until October. The following letter to Richard Hockley, who was about to sail from England for Pennsylvania, to act as agent for Thomas Penn, gives the time and circumstances of his arrival in England

      "DEAR DICKEY:

      "As we have been in pain for you, hearing Privateers were off our Capes, and shoud have great pleasure in hearing you were safe, I conclude it has fared so with you, and that you will be glad to hear my Sister [Margaret Freame], with her Children and myself are arrived, in perfect health, as wee have been ever since our departure, which was this day five weeks from New England; wee expected after seeing the mast ship in the morning to have proceeded to Portsmouth, but the wind blowing hard at South our Captain judged propper to put in here, where it blows hard, but as soon as the wind is fair wee propose to sail for Portsmouth, from where I shall be very glad to see you. Enclosed is a letter from my Brother which put in the Post if he is not in Town, and desire Joseph Freame to get the enclosed bill for ??1000 accepted and take his receipt for it. Wee all affectionately salute you, and I am.

      "Your Very Sincere Friend,

      "THO: PENN

      "PLYMOUTH HARBOR, Nov 22d 1741."

      The death of John Penn, in 1746, left Thomas Penn the holder of three-fourths of the Proprietary and family land in Pennsylvania and Delaware. One-fourth had come to him in fee, as we have seen, and two-fourths had been left him in life-right by John. He thus became, prospectively if not already, a rich man. Thenceforward for almost thirty years, to his death in 1775, he was the chief of the Penn family and a figure of the first importance in the public affairs of Pennsylvania. Throughout the period following his return to England he was continually in correspondence with the Lieutenant-Governors and other officials, and with his legal and business representatives in Pennsylvania, and the mass of letters from and to him, in the collections now owned by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, is so extensive that it has been fully examined by but few persons.

      Thomas Penn's letters bear the mark of an energetic, prudent, and capable man. His and the other Proprietary correspondence, Mr. W. R. Shepherd says, after a fuller and more careful inspection than almost any one else has given, is creditable to the writers. "Our real cause for surprise," he thinks, "should be that in their voluminous correspondence with their officers in the Province, so few harsh and unkindly expressions appear."

      The change in Thomas's financial condition made by the inheritance of John's half of the property was important. Down to that time, according to his own statement, in a letter of October 9, 1749, to Richard Peters, he had spent, year by year, almost the whole of his income. "People imagine, because we are at the head of a large province," he says, "we must be rich; but I tell you that for fifteen years, from 1732 to 1747, I laid by [only] about ??100 a year." He had been inclined to think, as is shown in a letter from Margaret Freame to their brother John Penn, in 1736, that he was doing in Pennsylvania the chief work for the united Proprietary interest, and should have corresponding compensation. He suggested, she wrote John, that he should be paid three thousand pounds for his expenses in managing the family affairs here,-two thousand pounds by John and one thousand pounds by Richard.

      While in Pennsylvania Thomas Penn engaged in some commercial ventures. John Barclay-one of the sons of Robert Barclay, author of the famous Quaker book, the "Apology"-was a merchant in Dublin, Ireland, and to him Thomas consigned flaxseed and flour.

      After returning to England, Thomas Penn lived in London for a time. Letters in 1743 were addressed to him, "To the care of Mr. John Samuel, Merch't, in Three Kings Court, Lombard street," and in 1745 and 1746 "at Mr. Draper's, Apothecary, in Charles Street, Convent Garden." He was, however, much in the country with John, first at Feens, where John continued to live after returning from Pennsylvania in 1735, and later at a place called Hurley, or Hurley Place, near Maidenhead, in Berks, to which John appears to have removed from Feens a year or more before his death. John's health had not been good. There are frequent allusions in the letters to his illness, and Bishop Vickris, writing to Thomas from Bristol, in October, 1746 (near the time of John's death), much regretted the removal from Feens to Hurley.

      Thomas Penn had expected to return to Pennsylvania. In a letter to Richard Peters, at Philadelphia, March 13, 1744, giving him a message for the Indians, he says to tell them, "And, as for myself, that I fully expected to return before this time, but some affairs have hindered me; however, I hope to be in America some time the next year."

      And in a letter a few weeks later, May 9, he says, "I can't think of seeing Philadelphia until the latter end of summer twelvemonth."

      Thomas Penn married, August 22, 1751, Lady Juliana Fermor, fourth daughter of Thomas, first Earl of Pomfret. The Gentleman's Magazine for September, 1751, reports the marriage:

      "Aug. 22. Hon. Thos. Penn (one of the two proprietors of Pennsylvania) was married to Lady Juliana Fermor, youngest daughter to the E. of Pomfret."

      And the Pennsylvania Gazette, November 14, 1751, has the following paragraph:

      "By Capt. Hinton [ship "Philadelphia," John Hinton, from London] there is advice that the Honourable Thomas Penn Esq; one of our Proprietaries, was married the 22nd of August last, to the Lady Juliana Fermor, youngest daughter of the Right Honourable the late Earl of Pomfret."

      In a letter to Richard Peters, September 29, 1751, Thomas Penn wrote,-

      "As some of your letters are of a private nature, I shal now reply to such of them as I have not taken notice of in my letter of business, but first I shall tell you that for some time before I met with that unfortunate, and what had like to have been fatal accident, I had determined on a change of life, and had settled all the necessary points and made visits to the lady, which I resumed on my return to Berkshire, and wee consummated our marriage the 22nd of last month. This necessarily engaged my mind as well as person til finished, that I could not sit down to write, but as my grand business is now finished, and I am happily settled with a companion possessed with those qualities that must render a reasonable man happy as well as of a Family remarkable for their affection to each other, and into which I have been received with marks of the greatest regard, I shall now sit down as a correspondent to answer all my friends' letters.

      ". . . Wee are turning our thoughts toward Pennsylvania, and if I should be prevented from embarking the very next summer, if I live till the spring after, I make no doubt of being ready then."

      The "unfortunate" and nearly "fatal accident" alluded to above I have not found described in the Penn papers, though it is, I am told, referred to in some of them. It is said that Thomas and his brother Richard were riding in a coach out of London, and having pistols with them,-for fear of highwaymen, probably,-one of the weapons, in handling, was accidentally discharged, causing a peculiar and serious wound upon Thomas's person. Evidently this occurrence was a few months earlier than August, 1751.

      Lady Juliana Fermor was born in 1729, and was therefore much younger-some twenty-seven years-than her husband, being, in fact, a woman in her youth at the time of her marriage. There are several portraits of her preserved, and one of these, a small full-length, painted by Peter Van Dyck (a descendant, it is said, of the great Van Dyck) about the time of the marriage, represents her as a well-looking lady, in her wedding-dress of white silk, made in a style which illustrates strikingly the fashion of the time, the skirt being spread out by hoops to enormous dimensions sidewise. She stands near the fireplace of a handsome room, presumed to be in her father's house in Albemarle Street, London.

      This marriage was an event of high importance to Thomas Penn and to all of his family, most of whom, we may feel sure, had theretofore regarded him as a confirmed bachelor, -he was nearly fifty,-and had been not inconsiderate how his valuable estate as well as his present bounties would be ultimately bestowed. An agreement had been made in 1732 between the three brothers, John, Thomas, and Richard, "to devise their shares [of the Proprietary estate] to the eldest son in tail male, remainder to other sons in like manner," and upon failure of these to other members of the family in succession; this agreement was confirmed by Thomas and Richard in 1750, and meantime John, in his will, 1746, had left his estate to Thomas for life, with remainder to his first son, "in tail male," and then successively, in like manner, to the other sons. By this will of John, the will of Richard Penn, and the marriage agreement of Thomas, to be mentioned presently, the descent of the Proprietary estates was fixed.

      The Fermors (Farmers, Farmars) were a family of greater social distinction, in the year 1751, than Thomas Penn. They accounted themselves as having had an ancestor among those Norman invaders of England who were enriched at Saxon expense in the Conqueror's time, and they had reached knighthood in 1586, baronetcy in 1641, and the peerage in 1692.

      Their seat was at Easton Neston, in Northamptonshire, where Sir George Fermor (knighted by Elizabeth in 1586) had entertained James I., in 1603, so acceptably that his son, Hatton Fermor, was also made a knight by that charming and generous monarch). In 1641, the family being then staunchly royalist, Charles I. made a baronet of Sir William Fermor, and in 1692 his son Sir William, being then equally in favor with William III., was made a peer, with the title of Baron Lempster. Lord Lempster married three times, his third wife being Sophia, daughter of Thomas, Duke of Leeds, and one of his children by her was Thomas Penn's father-in-law, the second Baron Lempster, who was made by George I. Earl of Pomfret (Pontefract, in Yorkshire, pronounced Pomfret) in 1721. He married, 1720, Henrietta Louisa, daughter of John Lord Jeffreys, and had a large family,-Burke gives a list of eleven children. The eldest, George, succeeded to the peerage on the death of his father in 1753. Four died young. One daughter, Henrietta, married, 1747, John Conyers, Esq., of Copt House, Essex; Sophia married John Carteret, Earl Granville; Charlotte married William Finch, Esq., and died in 1813. These were older than Lady Juliana; the two younger, according to Burke's list, were Louisa, who married Sir Thomas Clayton, Bart., and Anne, who married, July 15, 1754, Thomas, first Viscount Cremorne, the husband, later, of Philadelphia Hannah Freame.

      The Earldom of Pomfret, it may be here mentioned, became extinct June 8, 1867, by the death of the fifth Earl, George William Richard (born December 31, 1824), who was unmarried. He was the great-grandson of Thomas, the first Earl, father of Lady Juliana Penn.

      The marriage with Lady Juliana was preceded by elaborate property arrangements. The settlement made upon her and the children whom she might have was drawn up with great care and a prodigious expenditure of legal phraseology. August 14, 1751, eight days before the marriage, the bridegroom expectant executed a "Lease for a year in order to the Settlement upon the marriage of Thomas Penn with Lady Juliana Farmor," and later the settlement was executed, quadripartite, Thomas Penn being of the first part; "the Right Honourable Thomas, Earl of Pomfret, Baron of Lempster, and Knight of the most Honourable Order of the Bath," of the second; Lady Juliana, of the third; and Messrs. Barclay' & Hyam, the Quaker merchants of London, of the fourth part. It can hardly be supposed that any one but the lawyers-and possibly Thomas Penn- ever read in full this latter extended document, much less followed intelligently all its repetitious details. The original, on eight skins of parchment, each twenty-six by thirty-four inches, is in the collections of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Printed in the private volume prepared in 1870 by the late William Henry Rawle, American counsel for the family, it covers sixty-four pages octavo, in solid array, without the relief of one paragraphic break.

      The effect of this settlement was to leave Thomas Penn's property, including the Proprietary estate in Pennsylvania, to (himself) the settler's use for life, with remainder to his eldest son by Lady Juliana, "in tail male," with remainder then to their second son, then to the third and every other son successively, then to his first and other sons successively by any other wife, then to his brother Richard Penn, then to his nephew John Penn, 2d, eldest son of Richard, then to the first and every other son successively of John Penn, then to Richard, 2d, son of Richard (brother of John, 2d), then to Richard Penn, 2d's, eldest son, then to Richard, 2d's, second son, then to Richard, 2d's, third and other sons successively,-all these being "in tail male." Finally, all these failing, which as a matter of fact they all did by the year 1869, something over a century after this extended entailment in the male line,-the property was to descend to the heirs of Thomas Penn " in tail general."It is by virtue chiefly of this last clause in the settlement that the present and recent heirs of the Penn property in Pennsylvania, in the line of the Founder's second marriage, are the Stuarts of Bedfordshire (of whom we shall speak later), descendants of Thomas Penn's daughter, Sophia Margaretta.

      Some idea of the presents bestowed by the bridegroom at his marriage may be suggested by the bill of James Cox, a London silversmith, which accompanied a letter, September 2, 1751. The list of articles furnished by Mr. Cox includes a brilliant hoop ring, a gold watch chain, a "gold seal for Mr. Hockley," "an onyx [word illegible] in gold, complete," a "double coat engraved," etc., all to the cost of ??56 16s. 6d., while, as the letter explains, there was some other article of greater value preparing by artists of the highest skill.

      A complimentary letter on his marriage, addressed him by Cossart da St. Aubin, agent in London for the Moravians (from 1746 to 1755), is preserved. It is addressed to Thomas Penn, at Hitcham, near Maidenhead, and proceeds:

      "Permit me Sir to congratulate you on your happy marriage. I can assure you it has given me great joy and also to our good Mr. Spangenberg [Moravian bishop], who joynes with me in warmest wish for your happiness. . . . May you live long and happy, to the Comfort of all that are dear to you. I flatter myself our people [the Moravians] are included in the number, and that they desire nothing more but to enjoy your protection, and that of your Descendants to the remotest ages.

      "(P. S.) Mr. Spangenberg and Company set out for America the end of the week. He should have been exceeding glad to wait on you. He goes with Capt. Bryant, who falls down the river today or Monday, bound for N. York."

      What changes in his religious connections took place in consequence of Thomas Penn's marriage, and the social position which he now assumed, are not very clearly defined. He had hardly considered himself one of the Friends for a long time, and yet he had not very definitely abandoned association with them. In 1743, when Governor Thomas was contending with the Pennsylvania Assembly, and war with France was impending, Thomas Penn wrote him, "I felt obliged to solicit the ministry against the Quakers, or at least I stated that I did not hold their opinions concerning defence. I no longer continue the little distinction of dress." After his marriage he went regularly to church, but down to 1771 certainly, and probably all his life, he never took the sacrament. A deposition made in 1758 showed that he considered himself a member of the Established Church from about that time. His son John, born 1760, was baptized at the church of St. Martin's in the Fields. In a letter to Governor James Hamilton, 1760, alluding to the visit to England of William Logan (son of James Logan), Thomas said,"You may be assured I shall treat him with regard, and shew him I have no disregard to those of his profession [the Friends], except on their levelling republican System of Government so much adopted by them."

      Before his marriage Thomas Penn had settled in a town house. Letters in 1747, and perhaps earlier, were addressed to him "at his house in the New Street, Spring Gardens, near Charing Cross." This continued to be his city residence until his death. In 1750 letters were addressed to him "at Hitcham, near Maidenhead Bridge, Bucks." Nine years after his marriage (1760) he acquired the handsome and valuable estate of Stoke Poges, in Bucks, where for over eighty years the family home remained, and where the name of Penn, through himself, his sons, and grandchildren, acquired new and honorable distinction. October 18, 1760, in a letter to Governor Hamilton, at Philadelphia, he wrote,-

      "You will be pleased to hear the others [children] with their mother, [are] well at Stoke, to which we are removed, I having bought it: it is a very large old house, that we passed when I went with you to see the Duke of Marlborough's, and was then my Lady Cobham's."

      Stoke Poges is most famous as having the church-yard which Gray's immortal "Elegy" describes; in this yard the poet's remains are buried. The residence, Stoke, belonged to Sir Edward Coke in Queen Elizabeth's time, and here he entertained that difficult female but vigorous monarch, his royal mistress, in 1601. Later it became the property of Anne, Viscountess Cobham, and at her death it was sold to Thomas Penn. The old manor-house furnished the place and, in part, the subject for Gray's humorous poem, "The Long Story," whose descriptions may interest us in this connection if not in any other.

      At Stoke Thomas Penn, with his family, continued to live, except when in the city, and there he is buried. The alterations and new erections made by his son John have materially changed the appearance of the place since 1775; but then, as now, it was a costly and elegant residence.

      The children of Thomas Penn and Lady Juliana seem to have been eight in number, of whom four died in infancy or youth, while four grew up, and three of these married. The first child was named William. He was born June 21, 1752, and died February 14, 1753. He was buried at Penn, in Bucks. A daughter, Juliana, was born May 19, 1753, and lived to grow up and marry. A second son, Thomas, was born July 17, 1754, but died September 5, 1757, and was buried at Penn. Twin children, William and Louisa Hannah, were born July 22, 1756, and both died young, the former April 24, 1760, and the latter June 10, 1766. Both are buried at Penn.

      In the parish church at Penn, under the northeast corner of the nave, there is a large vault, made in the last century, in which there are six small coffins. Four of these contain the remains of the children who are named above as dying young,-William, Thomas, William, and Louisa Hannah,- one contains those of a son of Richard Penn, and the other, simply marked "P," is not identified.

      The grief of the parents at the loss of all but one of their first five children is expressed in letters from Thomas Penn. The death of William, the third son, who lived to be nearly four years old, especially affected him. In a letter to Richard Peters, at Philadelphia, March 8, 1760, he had mentioned the birth of "a fine boy" (John) "this day fortnight," and quickly following, in other letters, appear the following paragraphs:

      To Governor Hamilton, April 10, 1760: "I am in a very anxious state. My son William was attacked with a slow fever about two months ago; at first it was thought intermitting, but has since been almost always upon him, and affected his Breathing, so that his situation is very doubtful."

      To Richard Peters, April 11: "[He] has slow fever, and some appearance of knots and obstructions in his flesh, which are said to be the cause of it. . . . His mother having taken him to Marybon, for the benefit of the Air, and not to be without the reach of advice, makes my journeys to and from that place several times in the day absolutely necessary."

      Another letter to Governor Hamilton, May 10, announces the death of the little boy on the 24th of April, and adds, "[it is] an irreparable loss to me, as I had, from the opinion of my friends, as well as from what I myself observed in the Child, great reason to believe that both his Capacity and Disposition were such as would have rendered him a valuable and useful man." Writing to Peters the same day, he said the boy was a good scholar and had a "disposition sweet, though very lively." "My hopes now," he added, "are on a child not three months old, who very providentially came before this dreadful time, or his Mother might have suffered greatly under it." And writing also to Richard Hockley the same day, he said the death "leaves my only hope [as to a son] in one less than three months old, a very slight dependence, and yet many such have succeeded."

      This child (John) lived to grow up and to attain ripe years. Two other children-Granville, born in December, 1761, and Sophia, born in December, 1764-also grew up and died at an advanced age.

      Thomas Penn was in declining health for some years preceding his death. In December, 1769, his brother Richard writes to him at "Westgate Buildings, Bath," saying he hears he is in better health than he had been. In May Thomas was again at Bath, returning to Stoke Park June 9. On July 4 Richard, writing to him, refers to "the Doctor's orders for you to proceed immediately to Tunbridge Wells." To that place Thomas went, and a little later (August) tried the coast air at Margate.

      A statement filed among the Penn papers, under date of May 17, 1771, a memorandum, apparently, submitted for a legal opinion, presents a number of interesting biographical data at this point. Thomas Penn, it seems, had been nominated by the Lord Mayor of London "to be a Sheriff of the City of London and County of Middlesex." The statement thereupon says,-

      "Mr. Penn was 40 years ago admitted a freeman of the City of London, and has twice voted for a Member [of Parliament], once for Sir John Barnard, and lately for Mr. Trecothick. Mr. Penn has no property whatever within the City of London, and never lived within the city, is near, if not quite 70 years old, has had a stroke of the Palsy, and cannot walk without help. Mr. Penn was originally bred a Quaker. Since his marriage, which is many years ago, he has gone to church regularly, but he has never received the Sacrament. However, having gone regularly to church, I don't think he can be looked upon as a Protestant Dissenter. Mr. Penn desires to be advised what he can do to prevent serving this disagreeable office, or being fined for not serving the same."

      The opinion of "Ja: Eyre, Lincoln's Inn Fields,"-evidently the counsel consulted,-is placed upon the same sheet as the foregoing. His opinion is that nothing can be done at present. Mr. Penn will have to await the election, -he may not be elected; then, if seventy years old or over, he might resist a suit for the fine on the ground that he is not physically a "fit and able person," as required by the law.

      By the opening of 1775 Thomas Penn's strength was evidently far spent. His wife was now conducting the Pennsylvania correspondence. She writes from Stoke to Governor John Penn, January 7 of that year, "Mr. Penn is going to London for the winter." Then follow, in successive letters, same to the same, the following passages:

      Stoke, January 10: "Mr. Penn has no particular complaint, but I think the winter does not agree with him, and that he is weaker, though he goes out every day."

      London, February 21: "I am sure that he rather loses than gains strength. As I know your affection for him, I cannot write without giving you some account of his health."

      London, March 1: "I think Mr. Penn is visibly worse the last two months, tho' he still looks well at times, and goes out in the Coach as usual."

      Finally there comes this announcement,-

      "I know the news I have to communicate will affect you, But the consideration that poor Dr Mr. Penn had long since been no Comfort to himself will I hope make the hearing it is at an end less painful to you. It pleased God to release him yesterday, March 21, in the evening. . . .

      "SPRING GARDENS, March 22."

      He was taken to the country for burial. In the church at Stoke Poges is a tablet with the following inscription:

      In a Vault
      In this Church are
      deposited the Remains of
      Thomas Penn,
      of Stoke Park in this Parish
      (Son of William Penn
      Founder of Pennsylvania),
      Born 1701. Married 1751. Died 1775.
      And of his wife the Rt Hon. Lady Juliana Penn,
      Born 1729. Married 1751. Died 1801.
      Also the remains of their Sons
      John Penn of Stoke Park. Born 1760. Died 1834.
      And Granville Penn of Stoke Park.
      Born 1761. Married 1791. Died 1844.
      Also Isabella, wife of the above Granville Penn,
      eldest daughter of Genl Gordon Forbes, Col. 29th Regiment.
      Born 1771. Married 1791. Died 1847.
      And of their Sons
      Granville John, late of Stoke Park. Born 1802. Died 1867.
      Thomas Gordon, in Holy Orders. Born 1808. Died 1869.
      William, Born 1811. Died 1848.
      Also their Daughters
      Sophia, 1st wife of F. M. Sir Wm Gomm G.C.B. Col. Coldstream Guards.

      The character of Thomas Penn has perhaps been sufficiently suggested. It is not easy to conclude that, on the whole, he was other than a, just man, according to his light. He was undoubtedly kind and considerate to many different members of his family who desired his assistance or favor. He was guardian for William Penn, 3d's, son, Springett, the last male Penn in the elder line; he interested himself energetically to save some of her estate to the widow of his spendthrift cousin, Walter Clement; he educated and assisted his nephew John, the Governor; and from the day when we found him a lad in London, doing errands for his mother at Ruscombe, he certainly was honestly serviceable to many persons. Much severity has been bestowed upon him; these approaches to praise are no more than his due.

      Thomas Penn's portrait, in the possession of the Earl of Ranfarly, painted at the time of his marriage (a copy of which was added, March, 1896, to the collections of the Pennsylvania Historical Society), is "a small full-length of a perfectly dressed and somewhat precise gentleman, in the costume of the middle of the eighteenth century. He wears an embroidered grayish lilac silk coat and breeches, and a long white satin waistcoat. He stands at the open door of a wainscoted room, with uncarpeted wooden floor. Through the doorway an antechamber can be seen, with a window opening upon a pleasant country view."

      A painting by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1764, shows the four children of Thomas and Lady Juliana Penn, then living: Juliana, a girl of eleven; Louisa Hannah, eight; John, four; and Granville, three. It is a fine example of Sir Joshua's work; a criticism which might be suggested is that the two girls appear too mature for their years. This painting is in possession of William Dugald Stuart, at Tempsford Hall, Beds. A "splendid mezzotint," made by Charles Turner in 1819, dedicated to John Penn (one of those in the picture), and probably executed by his order, is described by Mr. Conway as then (1884) in the possession of the Earl of Ranfurly.

      SUMMARY: CHILDREN OF THOMAS AND LADY JULIANA PENN.

      1. William, born June 21, 1752; died February 14, 1753; buried in the vault at the parish church at Penn, in Bucks.

      2. Juliana, born May 19, 1753. She married, May 23, 1771, William Baker, Esq., of Bayfordbury, Herts, and died April 23, 1772, and was buried at Stoke Poges. She left one child, a daughter, Juliana (surname Baker), who married, January 18, 1803, John Fawset Herbert Rawlins, Esq., and died s. p., September 11, 1849, at Gunters Grove, Stoke Courcy, Somerset.

      3. Thomas, born (Gentleman's Magazine) July 17, 1754; died (plate on coffin at Penn) September 5, 1757. The coffin-plate says his age was "2 years and 1 month," and apparently there is an error here; probably the figure 2 should be 3.

      4. William, born July 22, 1756, and died April 24, 1760; buried at Penn. Details concerning him, in letters of his father, have been given.

      5. Louisa Hannah (twin with William), born July 22, 1756; died June 10, 1766; buried at Penn.

      6. John, born February 23, 1760; baptized March 21, 1760, at the church of St. Martin's in the Fields; died unmarried June 21, 1834. . . .

      7. Granville, born at the city residence, New Street, Spring Gardens, December 9, 1761; married, June 24, 1791, Isabella Forbes; died September 28, 1844, leaving issue. . . .

      8. Sophia Margaretta, born December 25 (? 21), 1764; married Archbishop William Stuart; died April 29, 1847; buried at Luton, Beds, leaving issue. . . .

      (3) The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, England <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk>:

      Description: Will of Thomas Penn of Stokehouse, Buckinghamshire
      Date [proved]: 08 April 1775
      Catalogue reference: PROB 11/1007
      Dept: Records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury
      Series: Prerogative Court of Canterbury and related Probate Jurisdictions: Will Registers
      Piece: Name of Register: Alexander Quire Number: 140 - 190
      Image contains: 1 will of many for the catalogue reference
    Person ID I18512  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 25 Nov 2018 

    Father William PENN,   b. 14 Oct 1644, St. Katherine by the Tower, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jul 1718, Ruscombe, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Hannah CALLOWHILL,   b. 18 Apr 1664, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Dec 1726, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 5 Mar 1696  Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 

    • (1) Jenkins, Howard M., The Family of William Penn, Founder of Pennsylvania: Ancestry and Descendants, London, England: Headley Bros., 1899, pp. 67 et seq:

      WILLIAM PENN'S SECOND MARRIAGE.

      Two years after the death of his [first] wife, Penn married again. His second wife, Hannah Callowhill, was the daughter of Thomas Callowhill and the granddaughter of Dennis Hollister, both of Bristol, England, prosperous men of business and prominent Friends. (Clarkson describes them as "eminent merchants," and Janney follows this.) A deed of June 26, 1661, shows the marriage of Thomas Callowhill and Hannah Hollister as about occurring, and describes him as a "button-maker, sonn and heir of John Callowhill, late of said city [Bristol] gent, deceased." Later, in 1682 and 1711, other deeds describe Thomas Callowhill as "linen draper," and this, no doubt, was his occupation during most of his business life.

      Dennis Hollister was a grocer. He had four daughters, Hannah, Lydia, Mary, and Phebe. Hannah married Thomas Callowhill; Lydia married Thomas Jordan, a grocer; and Mary married Simon Clement, a merchant.

      Penn, of course, was well acquainted with families of Friends in all parts of England, and doubtless knew the Callowhills. His courtship of Hannah, as appears from letters preserved among the Penn papers of the Pennsylvania Historical Society, was warmly pursued in the later months of 1695. It is probable, but is not clear from these letters, that the engagement of marriage had then been made.

      The Bristol records of the Friends record the birth of Hannah Callowhill, daughter of Thomas and Annah (sic), of High Street, Bristol, Second month (April) 18, 1664. She was, therefore, nearly thirty-two years old at the time of her marriage. . . .

      The marriage proceedings were regularly conducted according to the Friends' order, which, newly set up in 1672 when Penn was first married, had now become well settled and recognized. The intention of marriage was declared to the "men's meeting," at Bristol, November 11, 1695, and the meeting gave leave to proceed, February 24, 1695/6. On the 5th of March following the marriage took place. The certificate of the marriage follows. I am not aware that it has heretofore been published. Penn's biographers generally refer to his second marriage, as to his first, quite indefinitely, most of them not giving the date:

      [The memorial or copie of the certificate of William Penn's and Hannah Callowhill's marriage the certificate itselfe being wrott on a pece of Parchment stampt with the five shillings stamp according to the statute.]

      Whereas it doth appeare by the Memorialls of the mens meeting of the people called Quakers in the Citty of Bristoll that William Penn of Warminghurst in the County of Sussex Esq and Hannah Callowhill daughter of Thomas Callowhill of the Citty of Bristoll Linen drap did on the eleaventh day of the ninth month 1695 manifest their intentions of marriage. And whereas such their intentions were on the foure and twentieth day of the eleaventh month in the yeare aforesaid published in the publique meeting house of the said People in the psence of many people there congregated. Now forasmuch as there appeares noe just cause wherefore a marriage betwixt the said William Penn and Hannah Callowhill should not be consumated. We therefore whose names are hereunto subscribed are witnesses that on the day of the date hereof the said William Penn taking the said Hannah by the hand did declare that he did take the said Hannah Callowhill to be his wife. And that the said Hannah holding the said William by the hand did declare that she did take the said William Penn to be her husband.

      And that also the said William Penn and Hannah Callowhill holding each other by the hand did mutually promise each to other to live together husband and wife in love & faithfullnes according to God's holy ordinance untill by death they shall be separated. And also the said William and Hannah as a further testimony of such their taking each other & of such their promise to each other have hereunto with us subscribed their names this fifth day of the first month in the yeare one thousand six hundred ninety & five.

      WILLIAM PENN
      HANNAH PENN.

      [Witnesses:]

      George Bowles
      Thomas Sturg
      Alexander Pyot
      Gilbert Thompson
      Thomas Bivin
      John Corke
      Henry Goldney
      Mary Russel
      Elizabeth Goldney
      Sarah Hersent
      Lydia Gregory
      Paul Moon
      Nicho Reist
      Tho: Speed
      Mary Speed
      Tho Lewis
      Alce Cooper
      Katherine Bound Joshua Mallet
      John Whiting
      John Clarke
      Nathaniel Wade
      James Stretter
      William Lickfold
      Thamazin Yeamans
      Thomas Jordan
      John Everard
      Abraham Jones
      John Harper
      Henr Dickinson
      J. Penington
      W. Penington
      Mary Wherly
      Sarah Jones
      Judith Dighton
      Elizabeth Cooke Rich Sneade
      Charles Harford
      Benja. Coole
      Richard Vickris
      John Field
      Rogr Haydock
      John Boulton
      John Vaughton
      John Tompkins
      D. Wherly
      Margt Duffeild
      Briget Haynes
      Eliz. Penington
      George Diton
      Robert Bound
      Tho Hicks
      John Clement
      James Millard Thomas Callowhill
      Anna Callowhill
      Sp: Penn
      Laetitia Penn
      Wm Penn Jur
      Thomas Harris
      Walter Duffeild
      Phebe Harris
      Mary Clement
      John Lloyd
      George Stephens
      Hump: Crosley

      [Certified to be an Extract from the Register or Record numbered 116, and entitled a Register of Marriages of the Society of Friends.]
    Family ID F8262  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Juliana FERMOR,   b. 1729,   d. 1801  (Age 72 years) 
    Married 22 Aug 1751  St. George, Hanover Square, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. John PENN,   b. 23 Feb 1760, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jun 1834, Stoke Park, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years)  [natural]
     2. Louisa Hannah PENN,   b. 22 Jul 1756,   d. 10 Jun 1766  (Age 9 years)  [natural]
     3. Sophia Margaretta Juliana PENN,   b. 25 Dec 1764,   d. 29 Apr 1847  (Age 82 years)  [natural]
     4. Granville PENN,   b. 9 Dec 1761, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Sep 1844, Stoke Park, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)  [natural]
     5. Juliana PENN,   b. 19 May 1753,   d. 23 Apr 1772  (Age 18 years)  [natural]
     6. William PENN,   b. 21 Jun 1752,   d. 14 Feb 1753  (Age 0 years)  [natural]
     7. William PENN,   b. 22 Jul 1756,   d. 24 Apr 1760  (Age 3 years)  [natural]
     8. Thomas PENN, Jr.,   b. 17 Jul 1754,   d. 5 Sep 1757  (Age 3 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 25 Nov 2018 10:18:54 
    Family ID F8280  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart