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Rev. John Caspar STOEVER, I

Male 1685 - 1739  (53 years)

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  • Name John Caspar STOEVER 
    Title Rev. 
    Born 13 Jan 1685  Frankenberg, Hessen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    AFN KW6P-QQ 
    Immigration 11 Sep 1728  Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Name Johann Caspar ST??VER I 
    Name Johann Caspar STOEVER I 
    Occupation Minister 
    Died 1739  At sea Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Probate 20 Mar 1739  Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Probate Aft 20 Mar 1739  Orange County, VA Find all individuals with events at this location 

    • (1) Source: Butch Stiver .

      (2) Pennsylvania German Pioneers [database online], Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000:

      Palatines imported in the Ship James Goodwill, David Crockatt, Mr, from Rottr, but last from [Deal] as by clearance dated. . . . Subscribed the forgoing declaration 11th Sepr 1728.

      Johann Caspar St??ver, Miss.*

      Johann Caspar St??ver, Ss. Theol. Stud. . . .

      *These two Stoevers are famous Lutheran ministers. Stoever, Sr., the father, labored in Virginia; Stoever, Jr., the son, in Pennsylvania.

      (3) Rupp, I. Daniel, A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and Other Immigrants in Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776, reprinted from the second edition (Philadelphia, PA: 1876), with the index from the third edition (Leipzig, Germany: 1931), and with added publisher's preface and index to ships, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD: 1965, pp. 57-58:

      Sept. 11, 1728. A number of Palatines with their families, about ninety, imported in the ship James Goodwill, David Crocket, Master, from Rotterdam, last from Deal, whence she sailed June 15th.-Col. Rec. III. 331. . . .

      Johann Caspar St??ver, Missionaire.

      Johann Caspar St??ver, S.S. Theol. Stud.

      (4) Glatfelter, Charles H., Pastors and People: German Lutheran and Reformed Churches in the Pennsylvania Field, 1717-1793, Breinigsville, PA: Pennsylvania German Society, 1980-1981, Vol. 1:

      JOHN CASPER STOEVER the elder. Lutheran. Born 1685 at Frankenberg, Hesse. Was a schoolmaster. Was married and had at least two children: John Casper the younger and Elizabeth Catherine. Arrived in Philadelphia September 11, 1728, accompanied by his son. After one signature to the required oaths, there is the abbreviation "Miss.," while after the other there is "S.S. Theol. Stud." They came just thirty days after the death of Anthony Jacob Henkel.

      Where the elder Stoever spent the next four years is still a mystery. He may not have stayed in Pennsylvania for very long. Probably spent some time in the German settlement at New Bern, North Carolina. It is certain that his second wife, Maria Magdalena, had lived in North Carolina. Early in 1733 received a call from the Hebron church, in Madison county, Virginia. Was ordained on April 8, 1733, together with his son, at Providence, Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, by John Christian Schulz.

      Returned to Virginia and began to prepare for life in a parish. In March 1734 made an agreement with his estranged wife by which she promised to leave North Carolina and come, with their infant son, to live in Virginia. In turn, he promised to support her adequately and, after making some provision for the children of his first wife, to make her and her children sole heirs of his estate.

      Pastor and people soon concluded that they needed outside help if they were to build a church and a school, and if they were to be able to support their own pastor while still paying taxes to help maintain the established Anglican church. They decided that Stoever and two laymen should go to Europe seeking funds. Obtained a letter of recommendation from Governor William Gooch on September 18, 1734, and soon thereafter departed. In England and on the Continent secured contributions in the form of money, books, and communion vessels, all possibly worth as much as 3000 pounds. Also persuaded George Samuel Klug, a theological student, to accept a call as Stoever's assistant. This was the most successful of the three efforts undertaken about this time by German church people in the Pennsylvania field to solicit help from European sources (the others being those led by the Reformed George Michael Weiss and the Lutheran Christian Schulz).

      One of the laymen returned to Virginia, but the other remained in Europe while Stoever studied theology with a distant relative, John Philip Fresenius. "After finishing his collection trip," the latter wrote some years later, "he came to my house at Darmstadt, said that he keenly felt his want of better information in doctrinal and practical theology, and requested me to keep him during the winter and instruct him in those branches in which he was deficient. I gladly acceded to his request. He was a close student, and learned a good deal." (Quoted in Lutheran Church Review 12, 1893: 187-188)

      Stoever began the return voyage early in 1739, but died at sea. His will was probated at Philadelphia March 20, 1739 and later also in Orange county, Virginia. He named his son and namesake executor, giving him detailed instructions for fair disposition of the gifts collected in Europe. He also expressed the hope that if the Hebron congregation called his son to be its pastor, he would accept.

      (5) Virginia Biographical Encyclopedia [database online], Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000:

      John Casper Stoever was born at Frankenberg, Hesse, about 1685, and in 1728 came with his son of the same name to Philadelphia. He was pastor of the German miners who came to Germanna, in Virginia, in 1717 and 1719, and afterwards removed to the present Madison county about 1727 and founded a Lutheran congregation. He was ordained minister in 1733 and that year took charge of the church in Madison county. In 1734 he went to Germany with two of his congregation to collect money for his congregation. He was quite successful and after staying abroad four years started to return with about ??3,000 and a good supply of books, but died and was buried at sea. His will was proved at Philadelphia, March 20, 1739. With the money, the fruit of his labors, the congregation after his death built in 1742 a church and bought lands and slaves. His son, Rev. John Casper Stoever, Jr., was born December 2, 1707, in the duchy of Berg; was ordained in 1733 and organized many Lutheran congregations in the eastern counties of Pennsylvania.
    Person ID I16368  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 26 Sep 2018 

    Family 1 Gertude (STOEVER),   b. Abt 1685 
    Married Abt 1714 
     1. John Caspar STOEVER, II,   b. 21 Dec 1707, Luedorff, Solinger Amt, Duchy Berg, Unter Pfaltz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 May 1779, Lancaster County, PA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 26 Sep 2018 14:55:00 
    Family ID F7321  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Maria Magdalena POOLE,   b. 1689 
    Married 1730  New Bern, Craven County, NC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 26 Sep 2018 14:55:00 
    Family ID F7322  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart