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Mordecai McKINNEY, Jr.

Male Bef 1727 - 1782  (> 54 years)

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  • Name Mordecai McKINNEY 
    Suffix Jr. 
    Born Bef 18 May 1727  NJ Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened 18 May 1727  Harlingen Reformed Dutch Church, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Name Mordechaei McKINNEY 
    Died 4 Apr 1782  Dauphin County, PA Find all individuals with events at this location 

    • (1) Skillman, William Jones, ?Earliest Baptismal Records of the Church of Harlingen (Reformed Dutch) of New Jersey?1727-1734,? New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 40 (1909), pp. 281-291:

      1727. . . .

      May 18. . . .

      Mordecai, son M. McKinney & Maria Sebring; wits.: Daniel Sebring & Caty Vroom.

      (2) Petty, Gerald McKinney and Ridgway, Eulah McKinney, Some Descendants of Mordecai McKinney, Scotch Plains, NJ: 1953, pp. 7-9:

      Mordecai McKINNEY; baptized May 18, 1727, at Harlingen, East Jersey; d. April 4, 1782, bur. Dauphin County, Pennsylvania.

      Agnes BODYN, dau. of Jacob and Elisabeth Bodyn; baptized August 21, 1726, Raritan; m. November 9, 1752. . . .

      [1] John McKINNEY. . . .

      [2] Mary McKINNEY. . . .

      [3] Catharine McKINNEY. . . .

      [4] John McKINNEY. . . .

      [5] Mordecai McKINNEY. . . .

      [6] Angie McKINNEY. . . .

      [7] William McKINNEY. . . .

      [8] Antie McKINNEY.

      [9] Jacob McKINNEY. . . .

      [10] Nancy McKINNEY. . . .

      (Jacob and Nancy were named only by Mrs. W. H. Welsh). . . .

      "A Family Retrospect," by Mary Ellen Graydon Sharpe, Indianapolis, 1909, names Mordecai McKinney and Agnes Bodine. . . . Mordecai had a large family, of whom this book names only John, Catherine, and Mordecai; he fled the Wyoming Valley (Pennsylvania) massacre (July, 1778); he d. in Paxton, Pennsylvania (?), and is buried there. . . .

      (3) Snell, James P., History of Hunterdon and Somerset Counties. Philadelphia, PA: Everts & Peck, 1881:

      CHAPTER VII. [Pages 80-101]



      At various times during the war New Jersey, by reason of its being continually exposed to the incursions of the British and the ravages of refugees and Indians, found it necessary to embody, as occasion required, a certain quota of volunteers from the militia of the different counties. These men were held liable to duty when needed, not only in this hut in adjoining States. These organizations were called "New Jersey Levies," "Five Months? Levies," but most generally designated as "State Troops."

      Hunterdon and Somerset Counties furnished the following:

      Under the act, passed Nov. 27, 1776, for the raising of four battalions, Somerset sent two companies, Hunterdon four. Of the battalion, comprising these six companies and two from Sussex, David Chambers was colonel, Jacob West lieutenant-colonel, and Enos Kelsey major.

      Under the call of Oct. 9, 1779, for four thousand volunteers to continue in service until Dec. 20, 1779, one regiment of ten companies was raised in Somerset, Sussex, Morris, and Bergen, and another regiment of equal size in Hunterdon and Burlington Counties, Other calls were made,? viz., June 7th and 14th, for six hundred and twenty-four men each, whose term was to expire Jan. 1, 1781; and Dec. 26, 1780, for eight hundred and twenty-four men, whose term was to expire Jan. 1, 1782; Dec. 29, 1781, four hundred and twenty-two men, for service until Dec. 15, 1782.

      On June 3, 1775, the Provincial Congress of New Jersey passed an act providing a "plan for regulating the militia of the colony." This plan was still further considered and amended Aug. 16, 1775. After that date all officers were ordered to be commissioned by the Provincial Congress or the Committee of Safety. In the assignment then ordered Hunterdon had four and Somerset two regiments. "Minute-men" having been raised in Somerset and two other counties, in obedience to the recommendation of Continental Congress, this ordinance of Aug. 16, 1775 ordered the several counties to furnish them, ranging from one to eight companies each, the assignment for Somerset being five, and for Hunterdon eight companies,? being one-sixth of the number raised in the whole State. These companies of "minute-men" were "held in constant readiness, on the shortest notice, to march to any place where assistance might be required, for the defense of this or any neighboring colony." They were to continue in service four months. Their uniform was a hunting-frock, similar to that of the riflemen in the Continental service.

      In February, 1776, the Committee of Safety of New York called upon the Provincial Congress for a detachment of militia to assist in arresting Tories in Queens Co., L.I., and Staten Island, N.Y. of the seven hundred men ordered out for that purpose, Somerset County furnished one hundred. Another detachment of minute-men was ordered, Feb. 15, 1776, to proceed to New York. This was commanded by Charles Stewart, colonel; Mark Thompson, lieutenant-colonel; Frederick Frelinghuysen, first major; and Thomas Henderson, second major. Feb. 29, 1776, the remnants of the minute-men were incorporated in the militia of the districts where they resided.

      June 3, 1776, the Continental Congress called for thirteen thousand eight hundred militia, the quota of New Jersey being three thousand three hundred. Hunterdon and Somerset furnished one of the five battalions required, in the proportion of five companies from the first-named and three companies from the last-named county. The battalion was commanded by Stephen Hunt, colonel; Philip Johnson, lieutenant-colonel; Joseph Phillips, major; and Cornelius Baldwin, surgeon.

      July 16, 1776, Congress requested the Convention of New Jersey to supply with militia the places of two thousand men of Gen. Washington?s army who had been ordered into New Jersey to form the Flying Camp. Of the thirty companies of sixty-four men each, furnished under this call, Somerset provided two and Hunterdon four companies, which, with two from Sussex, comprised one of the four battalions, and its officers were Mark Thompson, colonel; Abraham Bonnell, lieutenant-colonel; Enos Kelsey, major; and Jacob Jennings, surgeon.

      April 14, 1778, the militia was divided into two brigades, that of Somerset being in the first and that of Hunterdon in the second. Jan. 8, 1781, it was formed into three brigades. During the war several companies of artillery and troops of horse were raised. "The good service performed by the militia is fully recorded in history. At the fights at Quinton?s Bridge, Hancock?s Bridge, Three Rivers, Connecticut Farms, and Van Neste?s Mills they bore an active part, while at the battles of Long Island, Trenton, Assanpink, Princeton, Germantown, Springfield, and Monmouth they performed efficient service in supporting the Continental Line."

      The field- and staff-officers of the militia regiments of these counties were as follows: . . .


      The following is a list of those from the county of Hunterdon who served either in the Continental army State troops, or militia during the Revolutionary war: . . .

      PRIVATES. . . .

      McKinney, Mordecai. . . .

      * * *


      CHAPTER III. [Pages 190-196]


      The amount of money received by the collector in 1773 was ??1808. 17. 10. Abraham Hunt was allowed to make repairs on court-house and jail, and to get a new pair of stocks, post, and pillory. At the same time (13th May), James Martin reported as in his possession fifty-four guns, ten cartouche-boxes, six bayonets, and Mordecai McKenney reported forty-five guns, fifty-five bayonets, eight cartouche-boxes, "and that he knows of a few more not yet collected together." Gershom Lee and Mordecai McKenney were instructed to sell them at public vendue and produce the account at the next meeting. The next year (1774) they reported that the sales had realized about ??139.

      (4) Meginness, John F., History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, Chicago, IL: Brown, Runk & Co., 1892:



      AS the Revolution was now in progress, and the future outlook not encouraging to the Proprietary interests, John Penn, who was then acting Governor of the Province, gave orders on the 15th of May, 1776, to have Muncy manor divided into farm tracts and sold. A number of parties had squatted on this fine body of land and made improvements, with the object of ultimately becoming possessed of them by priority of right when they would come into market. . . .

      The survey was made in accordance with the order of Penn. A copy of the report is given herewith, showing the size of each tract into which the manor was divided, and the names of the parties who occupied them:

      No. 1?Containing 300 acres and 139 perches and an allowance of six per cent, etc. Settled on and improved by Mordecai McKinney. . . .


      JO. J. WALLIS,

      To John Lukens, Esqr., Surveyor General.

      John Penn continued to act as Governor until September 28, 1776, when the new Constitution took effect and the Penn regime in Pennsylvania ended. This was two months and twenty-four days after the Declaration of Independence. The surveys made under his warrants were afterwards legalized by act of Assembly and all trouble as to titles removed.


      Mordecai McKinney, who appears as the occupant of tract No. 1, came from Middlesex county, New Jersey, in the spring of 1775. He served as a member of the Committee of Safety for six months from August 13, 1776. In 1778 he was appointed a justice of the peace for Northumberland county. At the time of the Indian invasion he fled with his family to Harris's Ferry and never returned. His improvements were destroyed. He had three sons and three daughters: John, who became a major in the Continental Army, and was living at Alexandria, Virginia, in 1803; Mordecai, Jr., who settled at Middletown (he engaged in mercantile pursuits and afterwards carried on business at Columbia and Newport. Judge McKinney, of Harrisburg, author of McKinney's Digest, was his son); Jacob, the third son, who settled near Ovid, in the State of New York. Mordecai McKinney, Sr., had brothers, and quite an extensive relationship among the early settlers in this valley. One of the wives of Rev. Asa Dunham was a niece. John Buckalow married a daughter of Mr. McKinney, October 21, 1773, and removed with him, to the vicinity of Muncy. He served as a member of the Committee of Safety six months from February 8, 1776. John Buckalow leased a grist and saw mill from John Hinds, of Muncy township, for four years, and carried them on until compelled to stop by the Indians. He fled with his father-in-law to Harris's Ferry and never returned. Catharine, a daughter, married Cornelius Low. They afterwards settled in the State of New York. Nancy, the third daughter, married Nicholas Elder and they lived at Middletown, Pennsylvania. . . .


      At a meeting of the Committee hold on the 13th of August, 1776, new officers were reported to have been chosen in the respective townships to serve on the Committee of Safety for six months from that date. Muncy township reported the following: Mordecai McKinney, James Giles, and Andrew Culbertson.


      The Committee being informed that there was "a dividend of salt in Philadelphia," which was "allotted for this country by a late resolve of Convention," it was decided to appoint William Maclay and Mordecai McKinney to proceed to Philadelphia, take charge of the salt, and have it forwarded here and placed in their charge for distribution among the people. Instructions were also issued that it should not be sold at a higher rate than fifteen shillings per bushel. . . .


      The troubles of the people were not alone confined to the savages. They had some difficulty about the election of magistrates, as the following petition, the original of which has been preserved, will show. It was prepared under date of December 2, 1777, and addressed to the Supreme Executive Council, under this head: "The memorial and petitions of the inhabitants of Muncy township in Northumberland county in this State humbly sheweth:

      ["]That WHEREAS, The General Assembly of this State was pleased to pass an act for revising and putting in force such and so much of the ancient laws of this Commonwealth as was agreeable to and consistent with our present Constitution, and for establishing courts of justice within the same, and passed an act for electing magistrates In the several townships in this State, in pursuance of which a number of the inhabitants of this township met and elected two persons for justices of the peace, viz: Messrs. Mordecai McKinney and Andrew Culbertson, each having thirty-six votes; but as said election was opposed by about fourteen designing persons, who had a separate election and made return of the same, and both returns being presented to your Honors, we were thereupon informed that you were pleased to order us to hold a new election, which we accordingly did and again elected the same two gentlemen, Mordecai McKinney and Andrew Culbertson, the former having forty and the latter forty-eight votes, and made return.

      ["]We likewise at the same time sent down a petition to your Honors signed by a great number of the inhabitants of our township setting forth the situation of the township on account of waters 'and other inconveniences, and craving that both the persons chosen might be commissioned, as they live one at or near each end of the township, as more fully set forth in said petition.

      ["]But we are well convinced that the approach of the enemy to our metropolis [Lancaster], where your Honors were then sitting, must of consequence put the House into great hurry and confusion, which we are satisfied has been the reason that our petition has been either postponed or neglected.

      ["]The inconvenience we labor under at present is very great, having no magistrate near us on any side, and though we are content to bear our part of hardships of whatever kind in the time of public calamity, yet we beg that your wisdoms would be pleased to grant us relief as speedily as possible by granting us the prayer of our petition, etc. That all our trouble may end in prosperity and peace; that government may prosper in your hands, and truth and justice flourish apace, is the earnest desire and prayer of Muncy township.["]

      The return of this election, held August 16, 1777, is signed by John Coats as inspector, and Joseph Newman and William Hammond as judges. The petition referred to shows that the first election was held April 25, 1777, and the petitioners claimed that the opposition which they encountered was "by a small body of men who combined together at the apparent instigation of a reputed Tory, and held a separate election in opposition to ours under pretence of being landed freeholders." In the last election the memorialists state that they allowed no one to vote" who bad not taken and subscribed to the oath of allegiance;" whereas, "on the other hand the promoters and supporters of the opposition are chiefly persons who have either refused or hitherto neglected to swear allegiance to the States, and may yet make a tool of one who bears the mask of a Whig to support their cause, which they could not with so good a grace do themselves."

      This petition, which contains more signers than the one copied, is "dated Muncy township, August 21, 1777". The name of Amariah Sutton appears on it; also William Snodgrass, John Thomson, and Daniel Brown, all of whom were soon afterwards killed by the Indians. Peter Smith, the unfortunate man, approved of it by making his mark.

      The above petition is copied from a time stained paper containing the original autographs of the signers, just as they wrote them one hundred and fifteen years ago. Andrew Culbertson lived on the south side of the river, within what are now the limits of the borough of DuBoistown, and Mordecai McKinney, resided on Muncy manor. When the petitioners speak of the inconvenience caused by "waters," they have reference to Loyalsock creek, which, when swollen, was a turbulent stream and dangerous to cross; and without a magistrate at the upper and lower end of the settlement, they would be subjected to great "inconveniences." . . .

      * * *




      When the massacre of the 10th of June became noised about the excitement among the people was, greatly increased and a panic was almost precipitated. Wiser counsels, however, prevailed and they determined to hold on a little longer and wait for help. In the meantime the proposition to petition Congress was not abandoned, for on the 2d of June Colonel Hunter wrote Vice-President Bryan informing him of what was contemplated by the people, and the declaration of their inability to defend themselves without aid from abroad. The chief motive for getting up this petition, (says Hunter) was for the purpose of quieting the minds of the people, as they were apprehensive of a severe stroke from the Indians about the time of harvest, which would take all the militia of the county to guard against the savages, and cause them to lose their crops. The "appeal" was a long document and was signed almost altogether by persons living below Muncy Hills, where there was comparatively little danger.

      That some feeling existed between the upper and lower sections of the county is evident, for on the 10th of June, the day of the Williamsport massacre, another petition was forwarded to the Executive Council praying for aid, which reflects upon the inability of Colonel Hunter to procure assistance for this part of the county. It is apparent that this was not the petition to which he made reference in his letter of the 2d of June. The insinuation in his letter that the motive for preparing that petition was to quiet the people, was cruel to say the least. From the language used he was insincere, or did not exert his best efforts to secure aid. The inhabitants above the Muncy Hills evidently understood his true position when they almost to a man signed the second memorial and did not fail to hint therein what they thought of him as county lieutenant. This petition is dated at Muncy, and a study of the names will show that they nearly all belonged to the section now embraced within the limits of Lycoming county. There were, a few from below who sympathized with them and did not hesitate to unite in their stirring appeal. This last petition, with the names of the signers; is given, in full:

      ["]Muncy, June 10, 1778.

      ["]To the Honorable the Supreme Executive Council of the State of Pennsylvania:

      ["]The remonstrance of sundry the distressed inhabitants of the county of Northumberland inhabiting the West Branch of the River Susquehanna above Muncy Hills, humbly sheweth:

      ["]That the repeated depredations and horrid murders lately committed upon the innocent and peaceable inhabitants amongst us within a few weeks past is truly alarming. The melancholy event of the 31st of May upon Loyalsock creek obliged us to leave our homes and livings, and to assemble together in large bodies in order to protect our wives and infant children from becoming the victims of savage fury; in full faith and confidence that we should shortly meet with such succor as would enable us, to make a vigorous stand, that we have since frequently applied to the lieutenant of the county for aid, who, after using his best endeavors has not been able to furnish us with more than seventy-three troops of the militia of this county to cover a frontier of at least forty miles in length. This supply we apprehend to be of very little use, especially as their times will be out in the midst of harvest, and should anything more happen in the meanwhile, we are convinced that it will be impossible to call out the militia of this county at any rate; that those considerations, together with the very alarming event of the murder and captivity of thirteen of our near neighbors and most intimate acquaintances this day has drove the majority of us to desperation, and to pray that you in your wisdom will not only order to our immediate relief such standing forces as will be equal to our necessity; but that you will order such magazines and stores of provisions to be provided as will convince the good people of this place that such troops are to be stationed amongst them during the war. Nothing short of your immediate assurance of this, we are convinced, will induce the people to run the farther risk of being obliged to move away at a more unfavorable season.

      ["]Therefore in consideration of the premises, we beg leave to submit ourselves and families to your care and protection, not doubting but you will order us such relief as to you in your wisdom may seem meet.["]

      The petition was signed by . . . Mordecai McKinney. . . .

      * * *



      THE BRADY TRAGEDY. . . .

      Many anecdotes of the illustrious Brady family have been preserved, and one in particular relating to James is worth noticing in this connection. John Buckalow, son-in-law of Mordecai McKinney, was one of the early settlers on Muncy manor. His family was intimate with the Bradys, being near neighbors. At that time it was the custom for the men to wear long hair, plaited, and tied behind the head. James had a luxuriant and remarkably fine head of bright red hair. One afternoon "the young Captain of the Susquehanna," with several others, was at the house of Mr. Buckalow. Mrs. Buckalow "done up" Brady's hair. He was lively and full of humor at the time. While at work Mrs. Buckalow remarked: " Ah! Jim, I fear the Indians will get this red scalp of yours yet." "If they do," he facetiously replied, "It will make them a bright light of a dark night". In less than a month the noble youth fell beneath the tomahawk, and the savages had his scalp! . . .


      The stirring events of the year now drawing to a close were a terrible set-back to the people of this valley, both in the development of wealth and increase of population. The assessment list of Muncy township for 1778, which has been preserved, shows the following taxables, as compared with the list for 1774: . . . Mordecai McKinney, (two slaves). . . .

      * * *



      Muncy derives it's [sic] name from the Monsey tribe of Indians that once dwelt within its borders. When it was erected Mordecai McKinney was appointed a justice of the peace. He was followed by Robert Robb, who was appointed July 29, 1775, and again on the 26th of October, 1791. The first constable was John Robb.
    Person ID I12566  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 26 Apr 2019 

    Father Mordecai McKINNEY, Sr.,   b. Abt 1690, Scotland? Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 May 1760, Lebanon Township, Hunterdon County, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 70 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Mary SEBRING,   b. Abt 1685, Bergen, Bergen [now Hudson] County, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1727, Bergen, Bergen [now Hudson] County, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 43 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 1713  NJ Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F5521  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Agnes BODINE,   b. Bef 21 Aug 1726, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Mar 1772  (Age > 45 years) 
    Married 9 Nov 1752  Hunterdon County, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. William McKINNEY,   b. Bef 11 Jul 1768, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     2. Angenetie McKINNEY,   b. Bef 18 May 1766, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     3. Antie McKINNEY,   b. Bef 12 Aug 1770, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     4. Mary McKINNEY,   b. 5 Oct 1754, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Nov 1829  (Age 75 years)  [natural]
     5. John McKINNEY,   b. Bef 9 Oct 1753, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 2 Mar 1760, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 6 years)  [natural]
     6. Catherine McKINNEY,   b. Bef 12 Feb 1758, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     7. Mordecai McKINNEY, III,   b. Bef 15 Apr 1764, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     8. John McKINNEY,   b. Bef 2 Mar 1760, NJ Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     9. Nancy McKINNEY  [natural]
     10. Jacob McKINNEY  [natural]
    Last Modified 26 Apr 2019 19:38:14 
    Family ID F5707  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart