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Anne FRENCH

Female Abt 1702 - 1778  (~ 76 years)


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  • Name Anne FRENCH 
    Born Abt 1702  New York City, New York County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died 3 Nov 1778  New York City, New York County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 

    • (1) Much of the information here is based upon the research of Jeanette S. French . However, any errors are mine.

      (2) In his will dated May 20, 1706, and proved on June 3, 1707, Phillip FRENCH named his "son, Phillip French," and his "three daughters, Elizabeth, Anne, and Margaret," as beneficiaries under the will. [Abstracts of Wills on File in the Surrogate's Office, City of New York, New York Historical Society, 1892, vol. 1, pp. 442-443.]

      (3) The compiler has not found a record of the birth or christening of Anne FRENCH.

      (4) The following item appears in Vol. 70, p. 378 of New York Genealogical and Biographical Record (October 1939):

      CORRECTION

      Through the courtesy of Miss Rosalie Fellows Bailey, attention has been called to the omission of a child of Philip French and his wife Anna Philipse, . . . in the April, 1939 RECORD, p. 133. She was Anne, born about 1702, married the Hon. Joseph Reade, member of the King's Council; died Nov. 3, 1778, in her 77th year, in New York City. Her portrait by John Wollaston is on loan to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and hangs in the American wing. She is mentioned in the will of her father, Philip French (WNYHS I:442).

      (5) North of the Raritan Lotts: a History of the Martinsville, New Jersey Area, Neshanic, NJ: Martinsville Historical Committee, 1975, pp. 84-86, 88-92:

      Philip II and Annatje had a son, Philip III, who settled in New Brunswick, New Jersey, as well as three daughters, Elizabeth, Anne and Margrot. Shortly after acquiring the Raritan:River property, Philip French II died, leaving to these children his vast real estate holdings, both in England and America.

      The daughters received the Raritan River property. Margrot died young, Elizabeth became the wife of Cornelius Van Horne, and Anne married Joseph Reade. Van Horne and Reade are described in later property indentures as merchants from New York.

      In 1722 (probably the year of Anne's marriage to Joseph Reade), the river property was divided between the two couples. Cornelius and Elizabeth Van Horne, married in 1718, received the western portion of the 2,754-acre tract, running from the river north to what is now the Washington Valley Reservoir on Chimney Rock Road.

      Their beautiful farmhouse overlooked the river at a point south of the present Lehigh Valley tracks. (The spot today is lost in the maze of an industrial plant complex.) It was called "Kells Hall," named for the ancestral French family seat in Suffolk, Eng??land. Much has been written about this lovely house on the Raritan, which was still standing in the early years of this century.

      Joseph and Anne Reade's share was the adjoining eastern portion, comprising a strip about three-quarters of a mile wide extending from the river back over First Mountain to the East Branch of the Middlebrook.

      At first the Van Hornes and Reades journeyed out to their summer estates from their homes in New York City. As time went on, the Van Hornes seemed to spend more and more time in New Jersey, with Cornelius becoming involved in local affairs. The Reades, on the other hand, remained city folk and began gradually to sell off parcels of the Somerset County property.

      In Cornelius Van Horne's will of 1768 his sons, Philip and John, each inherited half of the Van Horne property, which then comprised about 1,100 acres. This is the Philip Van Horne of our story. It would seem likely that since he inherited half of his father's land he would have settled there, and that "the Philip Van Horne house" today sits on what was once Cornelius Van Horne's property, but this is not so.

      At the time of the property division between the Van Hornes and Reades in 1722, a set of deeds was prepared, spelling out the exact boundaries, complete with a map clearly defining the two tracts and showing the locations of "Van Horne's house" and "Reade's house." This map is an important clue to the missing facts, but it also gives rise to the dilemma of the chapter title; for Joseph Reade's house shown on the map sits squarely on the site of what we know today as "the Philip Van Horne house!" Heretofore historians have guessed that Philip built his house about 1750, but this map shows that the house had already been stand??ing for 28 years at that time!

      Philip Van Horne was born (about 1719) and raised in New York City. He must have spent considerable time in Somerset County while growing up; when he was about 30 years old and had probably been married a short time, he decided to settle there.

      The possibility exists that Philip did build a new home on the site of his uncle's house. But this would mean either that he would have had to pull down a structure that had stood for only a few years (this seems unlikely, as Joseph Reade was a wealthy man and would probably not have built anything but a substan??tial house, even for a summer home), or that the original house may have burned. When weighing these theories, the one that seems the more likely is that Philip Van Horne bought the house, which his uncle had built earlier. The question is, how and when did he acquire it?

      On March 16, 1750, according to an old Somerset County mortgage, Philip purchased an 84-acre parcel of land from the executors of the will of Jacob Janeway. The former Joseph Reade house was included in these 84 acres. By plotting the property according to the boundaries given in the mortgage, it can be seen that this was the same property of which Reade earlier sold off 50 acres (which included a mill, just east of his house).

      It is not known when Jacob Janeway acquired Reade's house, but there are some clues.

      Jacob Janeway, from 1735-1747, had been one of the proprietors of a very prosperous business in the Middlebrook area known as "Janeway and Broughton," a general store, The account books of this enter??prise in the Rutgers University Library indicate a heavy volume of business, with some customers from as far away as Millstone, North Branch and Peapack.

      Janeway died in 1747 and the business moved to New York, Historians have been unable to pinpoint the store's exact location in Somerset County, but in light of the fact that Janeway owned this parcel of land on the "Great Rariton Road," the main thor??oughfare at that time, it seems probable that the store stood there. "Janeway and Broughton" may have been operated in a separate building of its own, or conceivably in a wing of the house itself.

      It is not known when Reade sold the homestead tract, but as the store began in 1735, perhaps that was the time. Reade owned the property at least as late as 1731, as the following interesting document bears out:

      "July 19, 1731 - Agreement (between) Joseph Reade of New York City, Merchant, and John Hagawout of Somerset County, Miller.

      Joseph Reade has agreed . . . to let (John Hagawout) have his mill in Somerset County . . . said John Hagawout now lives on ten acres on North side of Middlebrook near to Mill, for five years (from) 25th of July 1731, and John Hagawout promises to grind and pack 10,000 bushels of wheat for Joseph Reade, owing said term as rent, and Joseph Reade agrees that John Hagawout shall have the use of his negro man, Dick, for the said term, and if Dick should die, to supply him with another in Dick's place.

      (signed) Joseph Reade

      Witn: William Hall
      Thos. George

      Endorsed - Memo that Dick died two years before expiration of (term). . . . I called Mr. Reade for another hand but could not get him and I charge Joseph Reade his pay.

      (signed) John Hagawout"

      (John Hagawout was Jacob Janeway's brother-in-law.)

      As for the grist mill on the property, it was apparently situated on the west bank of the brook, below the house. John Hagawout is the first known miller to have operated it, supposedly until the end of his "term" in 1736. In 1737 Joseph Reade sold the mill parcel (which comprised 50 acres) to Aaron Louzada and John Campbell.

      Six years later Aaron Louzada bought 300 more acres from Reade, to the north and south of the mill parcel, Campbell sold his interest in the mill to Louzada in 1749. The map of 1766 shows it as the "Pogh Grist Mill." Probably there were subsequent owners also before it finally disappeared.

      At the time of his death in 1771, Joseph Reade owned little, if any, of the original tract acquired through his wife's inheritance, although he left considerable other estate, real and personal, to his wife and six children, Lawrence, Joseph, John, Ann, Sarah and Mary.

      Many accounts have been written about Philip Van Horne's gracious hospitality to British and Americans alike during the Revolutionary War, and the jolly gatherings and gay parties that took place in the house on "Convivial Hill."

      Philip Van Horne died in 1793 and the property passed into the Campbell family, descendants of Lord Neil Campbell, the Scottish nobleman, who as one of the first Proprietors, owned vast tracts of land in East Jersey.
    Person ID I10553  Frost, Gilchrist and Related Families
    Last Modified 15 Oct 2017 

    Father Philip FRENCH, Jr.,   b. Bef 13 Feb 1667, Wapping, Middlesex, England [in present-day Tower Hamlets Borough of Greater London] Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 3 Jun 1707  (Age < 40 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Annetie PHILIPSE,   b. Bef 27 Nov 1667, New York City, New York County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1730, Netherlands Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 62 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married Abt 6 Jul 1694  Reformed Dutch Church, New York City, New York County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    License 6 Jul 1694  New York City, New York County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 

    • (1) The information here is based upon the research of Jeanette S. French . However, any errors are mine.

      (2) http://olivetreegenealogy.com/nn/church/rdcmarr1694.shtml:

      New Amsterdam (New York City) Reformed Dutch Church Marriages 1694 . . .

      den Jul. Mr. Philip Fiench [sic], j.m. [unmarried man], Van [from] London, Anna Philips, j.d. [unmarried woman], Van [from] N. Yorck, beyde wonende alheir [both of them living here]. Met een licentie den 6 Jul.
    Family ID F4862  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Joseph READE, Sr.,   b. Abt 1694,   d. 2 Mar 1771, New York City, New York County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 77 years) 
    Children 
     1. Anne READE,   b. 1726,   d. Bef 17 Apr 1773, New York City, New York County, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 47 years)  [natural]
     2. Sarah READE,   b. 10 Aug 1724  [natural]
     3. John READE  [natural]
     4. Mary READE  [natural]
     5. Laurence READE, Sr.,   d. 4 Dec 1773, On the road from London to Bath, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     6. Joseph READE, Jr.  [natural]
    Last Modified 15 Oct 2017 21:10:14 
    Family ID F4937  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart